California2 Andrew


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California2 Andrew

  1. 1. California: Chapters 10-12 By Andrew Bartz
  2. 2. Seeking Utopia Through Science and Technology  Geology  1847 Yale founded the Sheffield Scientific School, brought talented geologists to California  California Academy of Sciences, goal to survey state and collect rare and rich productions  Geological Survey, measuring heights and land formations  Mining, brought about invention of the Pelton turbine  In 1880 Lester Pelton patented the water turbine, Sheffield Scientific School multiplied power of running water  New basis for hydro-electrical generation  Early Conservation of California  Transfer of Yosemite Valley to federal jurisdiction 1890  Advocated creation of National Park System
  3. 3. Seeking Utopia Through Science and Technology  The new age of Flight  James Montgomery, experiments heavier-than-air air glider  On August 1883 altitude of fifteen feet, it glided for six hundred feet, and safely landed  Wright brothers heavier-than-air craft December 17, 1903 in North Carolina  California capitalizes on invention  January 1910, Los Angeles County Chamber of Commerce, air show  Astronomy  James Lick, died October 1876, left funds to build observatory for most powerful telescope on the planet  The Lick Observatory  Mount Hamilton Santa Clara County  Given to University of California  The Hooker telescope, Pasadena December 1908, increased observable universe by 300 percent  George Ellery Hale introduced a 200 inch disk upgrade turning Throop Polytechnic Institute into a first rate center of scientific research
  4. 4. Seeking Utopia Through Science and Technology  Electronics  Transcontinental phone calls, radio, television, and high speed electrons  Semiconductor- Replaced vacuum tube with nonmetallic solid material  Bardeen and Brattain used crystal germanium  William Shockley, Palo Alto, 1956 founded Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory  Goal to produce silicone transistor  Intel Corporation, invented microchip processor Macintosh SE, first apple computer  Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak  Mission make computers available to millions of Americans  Apple I prototype  Biotechnological research  Lawrence Laboratory at Berkley  Epicenter for further nuclear research  Won 7 Nobel Peace Prizes
  5. 5. Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams  Film  Industrialization of film production emerged in Hollywood in the 1920’s  Reliably good weather  Distance from subpoena servers to avoid suits against producers not willing to pay what they thought was fair for licensing and reel footage fees  For the first time, Americans caught glimpses of life in California  Mid 30s takeover of Germany by National Socialism  Mass emigration of talented Europeans  Southern California provided opportunities for employment in the film industry  Writing, inspiration of 1940s film, with detective stories, preoccupation with California themes of nature, naturalism, and bohemia  Simplistic relationship to nature, urban matters, with solipsistic drama of self vs. society  1950’s brought anguish of postwar generation oppressed by materialism, refuge with sex, drugs, and rebellion
  6. 6. Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams  Painting  1920’s Landscapes in Postimpressionist style  Social Realism to California brought by the depression  Daily life, backyard BBQ, suburbia, Sunday afternoon  1930’s popularity of murals exploded  Expressive and figurative paintings flourished in 1940s  Photography  Depression brought true photographic realism. Attention turned to social turmoil  Architecture  Arts and crafts inspired style first two decades  Modernism appeared pre-World War I era, clean lines, surfaces, minimalist presentation  Characterize high end architecture  1950s postwar building boom  Domestic tradition  California Ranch style
  7. 7. Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams  Music  Sound in motion pictures, composers 1930s  Took musical modernism to new heights  Jazz orchestra, progressive modes  Fusing of pop and modernism  Intensification of country music with the migration from Dust Bowl states during the depression  Outdoor life  Middle class Californians opportunity to recreation typically for upper class  San Francisco Bay Area 1860s, German immigrants founded Olympic Club  Swimming, free public surf, rough water swimming, and boating clubs  California 1907 Anglo-Hawaiian brought surfing  Became icon of the California lifestyle  Baseball in California flourished in 1859  Mountaineering, skiing, rock climbing, windsurfing and hang gliding
  8. 8. Forging a World Society  Gold rush  “World Rushed In”, nearly every country sent people to California, diversity  California founded on racial distinctions and repression  Disenfranchisement of Blacks and Asians  Aggression against Mexican land titles  Anti-Japanese, “White California” segregation of school children, barring from land ownership, incarceration of Japanese-Americans during WWII  LA emerged as one of most important centers of Jewish civilization  Anti-Semitism swept California between WWI and WWII  In the early 1900’s, San Francisco had more foreign born residents relative to population than any other city in U.S.  Influx of Mexicans, Filipinos, Japanese, Sikhs, and Koreans  Armenians migrated, fleeing Ottoman Turkish persecution  When WWII came along, more African Americans came to California to work
  9. 9. Forging a World Society  1965 Immigration and Nationality Acts- Reforming immigration laws  Excluded groups now as equal immigrations, favored reuniting families  Refugees from Southeast Asia and Bangladesh migrated to California  Racial, ethnic, and religious covenants of exclusion in real estate  Continuing division between blacks and whites  Watts riots of 1965  Los Angeles riots of 1992  O.J. Simpson trial of 1995 Illegal border crossing in the act  Illegal Immigration  1993 ranked one of three major problems in California; along with crime and the economy  “Save Our State” Prop 187, November 1994, withdrawal of public support for undocumented Californians  Passed but never implemented, states can’t regulate immigration  Illegal immigrants costing state great deal of money
  10. 10. Forging a World Society  Affirmative Action  1998 race and gender based preferences at universities ended  California Civil Rights Initiative, Prop 209, November 1996, outlawing affirmative action  1998 Prop 227  Disestablishment of California bilingual education program, replaced with one year immersion in English language proficiency  Economy of California reliant on undocumented workers  Gov. Davis’ bill authorizing issuance of drivers licenses to undocumented workers  Struck opposition, repealed once  Schwarzenegger became Governor  Californians are becoming more like each other  Common culture of California uniting