Great Expectations Chapter 7• California started to lay the foundation of its political and socioeconomic structures in 1890s.• The public works infrastructure created dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants,bridges, roadways, buildings, and stadiums.• Gold Rush technology made it possible for irrigation; this would stabilize the metropolitan infrastructure of San Francisco & Los Angeles.• It took over 6 years to build the L.A. aqueduct, which was over 235 miles of canals, conduits, and tunnels.
Great Expectations Chapter 7• Architects started building the surrounding city and schools.• Stanford University was build in 1891 with beautiful landscapes & vivid mediterranean implements.• The building of Stanford inspired the dramatic effort to upgrade University of California at Berkeley.• The architect John Galen Howard transformed the university of Berkeley with a campanile, stadium, outdoor greek theater, and lined plazas.• American cities started to build and rebuild in San Francisco and San Diego.• Goodhue’s California building was the master icon for the development of Southern California for the next two decades.
Great Expectations Chapter 7• Population continued to grow until it reached 6.9 million in 1940.• Most people that migrated were of white or European descent.• The Japanese, Mexican American, and African American eventually made its way to California.• After the Japanese women migrated over, there were multiple marriages and child-bearing.• The Mexican-Americans got blue-collar jobs, while some were sent back to Mexico.• African Americans were still ridiculed and segregated during 1926.• People that migrated to California became Americanized after a short time.
Great Expectations Chapter 7 • The white majority of Southern California was divided into three categories: Oligarchs, Babbitts, and Folks. • Oligarchs were the older southern California families in their 2nd or 3rd generation of wealth. • Babbitts were newly arrived middle class that consisted of corporation executives, bankers, lawyers, doctors, and real estate developers. • Folks were the white anglo-saxon protestants from the midwest. • The booming economy provided jobs for everyone.
An Imagined Place Chapter 11• The 20th century debuted three entertainment media that included ﬁlm, radio, and television.• The motion picture camera was ﬁrst established in France, then England and the U.S. in 1895.• Earlier studios were found in New York, Philadelphia, and New Jersey.• L.A. became the new place for making movies when people realized that it was great for outside ﬁlmmaking.
An Imagined Place Chapter 11 • Seeing a movie brought people together during the 2nd world war. • Movie genres ranged to both sides of the spectrum, which inspired writers to start creating new works. • Movies expressed as brooding dramas that expressed political and racial tensions like The Ten Commandments spurred writers like John Steinbeck and Ernest Hemingway to create hard-boiled detective stories.
An Imagined Place Chapter 11• Poets, photographers, and painters brought new styles that created new realms of vigor for the time period.• Each artistic movement seemed to inspire the next.• Music also ﬁt into the transformation from conservative to avant-garde.• Opera houses and orchestras became popular, which were being put into movies with sound like Walt Disney’s Fantasia.• The architect Frank Gehry built one of the greatest building in 2004, The Disney Hall.
Arnold! Chapter 13• Is California governable? What kind of government do Californians want?• Despite its reputation, California for its ﬁrst 110 years was a Republican state.• The more suburbanized California became, the more Republican it became.• In 1960s Republicanism became populist and antigovernment, while the Democrats went the opposite direction.• The second half of the 1900s an explosion of disagreement affected every major category of the state: politics, feminism, sexuality, education, literary and artistic value, drugs, and the military.• The rest of the nation by the 21st century had become “California-ized”.
Arnold! Chapter 13• The Free Speech Movement of 1964 at UC Berkeley started a riot among students.• There was an expression of opposition to the Vietnam war, fear of being drafted, desire for more sex, drugs, and rock n’ roll.• There was a mass arrest of about 750 students.• The movement helped launch a sensibility and an attitude in the baby boomer generation that would affect behavior and values in the next 40 years.
Arnold! Chapter 13• The Hippie Movement also happened in 1964• Hippies became attached to the symbols of peace and friendship• They dressed in motley arrangements like tie-dyed fabrics, beads, headbands, and ﬂowers.• In 1967, the Summer of Love mass rally happened. Psychedelic music and marijuana smoke appeared as a layer of San Francisco fog.• Hippie movement turned into drug- driven society.
Arnold! Chapter 13• Primary task of the government is to do day to day work necessary to keep society functioning.• Politics is the theater of opinion and it requires a drama with a plot.• Immigration has always been an issue along with environment, education, social programs, and taxation.• Everything costs money $$$• California was given a glimmer of hope when Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor.• He called California the golden dream by the sea, which no one had referred our state to in a long time.