California ppt


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California ppt

  1. 1. “California” by Kevin Starr<br />By: Michelle Kocin<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 10: Seeking Utopia through Science and Technology<br />California took lead in engineering and technology<br />Pelton turbine was developed in 1880 in California which brought hydroelectricity to the state<br />Took the lead in vacuum tube technology which made it possible for radio and television<br />In April of 1863 the California Academy of Sciences was established<br />In 1883 John and James Montgomery made a 38 pound lighter than air glider in Otay Mesa<br />California took the lead in technology for flight and airplane advancements<br />In 1876 there was the first electrical arc lights and reflectors display on market street- first public illumination by electricity in the world<br />
  3. 3. Chapter 10 (continued)<br />The Montgomery brothers had the first recorded heavier than air flight in human history in 1883. John died in 1911 falling to his death in one of their planes<br />Aviation would shape California, and California would shape Aviation<br />California had an air show in 1910<br />Over the next 10 years such names as Lockheed, Northrop, and Martin entered into the field.<br />Lockheed brothers had the first passenger-carrying seaplane in 1911<br />Douglas and Martin began a company where they were producing a plane a week<br />Charles Lindberg worked for T. Claude Ryan and flew across the Atlantic in 1927<br />Donald Douglas was the creator of the DC-3- which is the most serviceable airplane in aviation history. They carried 95% of the civilian traffic in the United States<br />Three San Franciscans: James Lick (Lick Observatory), Richard Samuel Floyd, and George Davidson played key roles in astronomical traditions<br />John Hooker made at the time the most powerful telescope on earth, with glass 13 inches thick. It was finished in 1917 and increased the observable universe by 300%<br />
  4. 4. Chapter 10 (continued)<br />In 1912 Lee de Forest invented a vacuum tube called the Audion that converted alternating current to direct current and functioned as an amplifier.<br />Edwin Armstrong had almost the same invention, and had a long patent battle with de Forest, in which he lost and eventually committed suicide<br />De Forest went on the develop the Audion as an oscillator for radiotelephone transmission- which would lead to radio, television, and motion picture sound<br />Farnsworth invented a “orthicon” which in 1927 was able to transmit a simple image through electronic means<br />In 1937 the first klystron tube was invented which was designed to amplify microwave signals into an ultra-high frequency current- key component of success for the radar<br />Hewlett and Packer designed and built radio oscillator to generate electrical signals- to produce high-quality tone<br />Hewlett Packard is now a company that began in a garage in palo Alto<br />Ernest lawrence invented a cyclotron in 1931 which generated high energy beams of nuclear particles that made exploration of atomic nucleus possible<br />The invention of the semiconductor was a huge invention that replaced the expensive and large vacuum tubes<br />1983 the introduction of the internet<br />Californian’s also took lead in biotechnology<br />
  5. 5. Chapter 11:Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams<br />Film, radio, and television were developed in California dependant upon the electronic technologies discussed earlier<br />California also had important roles in architecture, poetry, literature, painting, and music<br />
  6. 6. Chapter 11 (continued)<br />Such famous films as “the Count of Monte Cristo”, “The Ten Commandments”, “Gone with the Wind”, “ Frankenstein”, and “Dracula” were all produced in California<br />The movie companies included: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Warner Bro., Twentieth Century Fox, Paramount, Universal, Columbia, and united Artists were all created in the 1920’s and 1930’s.<br />Hollywood became solidly enlisted in the war efforts<br />
  7. 7. Chapter 11 (continued)<br />California writers and poets focused on themes such as nature, the relationship of people to nature, the self against society, frontier life, etc.<br />Every writer had his own way of expressing the nature, the here and now, and life<br />Some famous poets and writers include John Steinbeck who wrote the famous “Grapes of Wrath”, Dashiell Hammett.<br />William Everson, and Gary Snyder were considered the two most important post-Jeffers poets of California<br />
  8. 8. Chapter 11 (continued)<br />California was the most urbanized and suburbanized state in the nation according to the US census.<br />California painters were occupied with lanscapes through the 1920’s, most artists working in the postimpressionist style<br />Society of Six: perceived a whole new range of hues and built the environment of the bay area<br />Depression brought social Realism to California especially with watercolorists<br />Murals were a huge thing in the 1930s with their ability to make political statements<br />
  9. 9. Sources<br />“California: A History”by Kevin Starr<br />Chapter 10: Seeking Utopia through Science and Technology<br />Chapter 11: Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams<br />