Final Part 1: California Overview<br />Rachelle Alcantara<br />History 141<br />
Chapter 4: Striking It RichThe Alcalde<br />The Alcalde was adopted in the territory because congress made no territorial ...
Chapter Four: Striking it RichGold Rush<br />On January 24, 1848:  Marshall found gold! <br />California would never be th...
Chapter Four: Striking it RichNew Government<br />All things considered, the Army performed quite creditably as the de fac...
Chapter 10: O Brave New World! Flight and Electricity<br /> By the 1860’s Californians were experimenting with lighter the...
Chapter 10: O Brave New World!Astronomy<br />Californians had been showing a special proclivity for the penetration of spa...
Chapter 10:  O Brave New World!Semiconductors<br />For decades, vacuum tubes were responsible for transmitting electricity...
Chapter 11: An Imagined PlacePhotography<br /> Photography in California entered the 20th century focusing more on the sel...
Chapter 11: An Imagined PlaceMusic<br /> Music fits into a paradigm of a shift from the conservative to the avantgarde wit...
Chapter 11: An Imagined PlaceOutdoor Life<br />The outdoor life had characterized the California lifestyle since the late ...
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Final part 1. california book

  1. 1. Final Part 1: California Overview<br />Rachelle Alcantara<br />History 141<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 4: Striking It RichThe Alcalde<br />The Alcalde was adopted in the territory because congress made no territorial provisions. <br />The Alcalde consisted of military rule with a small group of people acting as judge, jury, and chief executive for the community. <br />After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, an effort was made to integrate more civilians into the alcalde system. <br />The alcalde was a fusion of Mexican and American culture and livelihood. <br />
  3. 3. Chapter Four: Striking it RichGold Rush<br />On January 24, 1848: Marshall found gold! <br />California would never be the same. <br />On December 5, 1848: President Polk announced to congress that gold had been discovered in California. <br />Overnight, the international Gold Rush of 1849 had begun. <br />Hubert Howe Bancroft would later describe the next two years for California as “A rapid, monstrous maturity” <br /> Within three years of President Polk’s announcement, the non-Native American population had soared from 10,000 to 255,000. <br />
  4. 4. Chapter Four: Striking it RichNew Government<br />All things considered, the Army performed quite creditably as the de facto civil government from 1846-1848. <br />As the last elected military governor Riley decided that neither military law nor the alcalde system were currently in use. <br />On June 3, 1849 Riley directed the people of California to elect 37 delegates to form a government in September. <br />By October 12, 1849, California stood redesigned as an American state. <br />
  5. 5. Chapter 10: O Brave New World! Flight and Electricity<br /> By the 1860’s Californians were experimenting with lighter then air flight. <br />Frank Merriott flew a steam propelled hydrogen balloon above a fourth of July crowd in San Francisco <br />July 4, 1876, Neri illuminated market street with electrical arc lights and reflectors <br />This was the first public illumination by electricity world wide by a decade<br />August 28, 1883, the Montgomery Brothers developed and built a heavier then air glider <br />After gaining an altitude of 15 feet they glided for 600 feet and landed safely <br />This was the first recorded heavier then air human flight in histroy. <br />
  6. 6. Chapter 10: O Brave New World!Astronomy<br />Californians had been showing a special proclivity for the penetration of space through astronomy. <br />In 1879, Davidson built the first astronomical observatory on the West Coast atop a hill in San Francisco using a 6.4 inch lens <br />The Lick Observatory used the first 36 inch lens to discover the faint 5th satellite of Jupiter <br />This is one of the greatest astronomical discoveries on the 19th century. <br />In 1917, Hale developed the first 100 inch lens which received nearly three times as much light as it’s 60 inch predecessor <br />This increased the observable universe by 300%<br />
  7. 7. Chapter 10: O Brave New World!Semiconductors<br />For decades, vacuum tubes were responsible for transmitting electricity in various formats <br />But vacuum tubes were fragile, energy consuming, and bulky<br />Just before Christmas 1947, Bardeen and Brattain observed that power increased when electric signals were passed through a crystal of germanium<br />In 1951, the first of these junction transistors was produced based on Shockley’s semi-conductor theory. <br />In 1956, Shockley, Bardeen, and Brattianshared the Nobel Prize in physics <br />By 1971, the 4004 Hoff’s microprocessor was 1/16th on an inch long and consisted of 2,300 transistors <br />The 4004 had as much calculating power as the first computer of 1945 which occupied 3,000 cubic feet and required 17,000 vacuum tubes. <br />
  8. 8. Chapter 11: An Imagined PlacePhotography<br /> Photography in California entered the 20th century focusing more on the self-consciously literary dreaminess of Pictorial style. <br />Weston returned from a three year sojourn in rural Mexico where he practiced photography as a direct and elemental art. <br />After a period of abstract expressionism, seashells, rocks and bell peppers looked like nudes and nudes looked like bell peppers. <br />Ansel Adams used his technique of visualization to capture his images<br />Ansel would set up for the photo and sometimes wait seconds, minutes, hours, as long as it took to get the right moment. <br />
  9. 9. Chapter 11: An Imagined PlaceMusic<br /> Music fits into a paradigm of a shift from the conservative to the avantgarde with little in the way of transition. <br />In the early 1900’s the focus of music was still with the Operas<br />When sound came to the motion pictures, a whole new career field-writing music for films-was opened to composers. <br />A dividend of the migration from the Dust Bowl states during the Depression was an intensification of country music. <br />
  10. 10. Chapter 11: An Imagined PlaceOutdoor Life<br />The outdoor life had characterized the California lifestyle since the late 19th century. <br />Tennis courts in California were municipally funded and tended to favor hard surfaces. <br />This encouraged a quicker and more competitive mode of play. <br />Baseball was introduced in 1859 but remained a minor league state until the arrive of the Giants and Dodgers in 1958<br />November 12, 1958, Warren Harding became the first rock climber to scale the face of El Capitan in Yosemite Valley. <br />Outdoor peoples skilled interfacing of nature and science further reinforced the “DNA code” of California. <br />

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