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Diabetes education presentation


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Diabetes education presentation

  1. 1. Diabetes Education
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Diabetes - What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Complications/Risks </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention - A New Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and Symptoms of Adverse Events </li></ul>
  3. 3. Diabetes <ul><li>Insulin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important hormone that brings blood sugar (glucose), into your body’s cells. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essentially your energy transport! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Diabetes - Overview <ul><li>Glucose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the main sources of energy for your body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain uses Glucose ONLY - uses about 20% of the body’s need for glucose </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Diabetes Types <ul><li>Type 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Body does not produce INSULIN naturally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Insulin DEPENDENT” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body is resistance to INSULIN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Insulin RESISTANT” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Diabetes Treatment <ul><li>Type 1 - INSULIN replacement therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 - LIFESTYLE modification </li></ul>
  7. 7. Diabetes Complications <ul><li>Main culprit - DECREASED BLOOD FLOW </li></ul><ul><li>HIGH blood sugar concentrations affect the inside layer of your blood vessels </li></ul>
  8. 8. Diabetic Complications <ul><li>Microangiopathy = damage to small blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly affects: eyes, kidneys, nerve endings </li></ul>
  9. 9. Diabetic Complications <ul><li>Macroangiopathy = damage to larger blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Atherosclerosis = clogging of the blood vessels </li></ul>
  10. 10. Diabetic Complications <ul><li>Foot Uclers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of nerve damage and damaged blood supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus, POOR HEALING! </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Any questions so far?
  12. 12. Get active with your care!
  13. 13. Getting Active <ul><li>Proper Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Foot Inspection </li></ul>
  14. 14. Proper Nutrition <ul><li>Goals: Reach healthy weight and control blood sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Eat at about the same times each day </li></ul><ul><li>Be consistent with the types of food you eat </li></ul><ul><li>Careful meal planning </li></ul>
  15. 15. Regular Physical Activity
  16. 16. Regular Physical Activity <ul><li>Exercise has “INSULIN-LIKE” effects on blood sugar, thus can decrease blood sugar level </li></ul><ul><li>Physical activity helps build better fitness and lose weight </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum 30 minutes a day - best to do aerobic and strength training. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Foot Care <ul><li>About 7,200 nerve endings at your foot </li></ul><ul><li>Nerve endings likely to suffer diabetic neuropathy </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect feet twice a day and always after any physical activity </li></ul>
  18. 18. Foot Care <ul><li>Gentle cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Apply moisturizers (Dry skin likely to crack!) </li></ul><ul><li>AVOID THE FOLLOWING: hot soaks, heating pads, and harsh topical agents like hydrogen peroxide, iodine (Betadine) and astringents </li></ul>
  19. 19. Foot Care <ul><li>More tips: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trim toe nails, keeping them neat and short </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wear clean socks and comfortable shoes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a mirror aid to inspect </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Any questions so far?
  21. 21. Abnormal Blood Sugar Levels <ul><li>Hyperglycemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HIGH blood sugar levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hypoglycemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LOW blood sugar levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask your MD/nurse what’s abnormal for you. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Abnormal Blood Sugar Levels Hyperglycemia Persisting Hyperglycemia Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  23. 23. Hyperglycemia Signs & Symptoms Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>High blood sugar level </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Increased thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Blurry vision </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue or drowsiness </li></ul>
  24. 24. Persisting Hyperglycemic Signs & Symptoms Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Difficulty breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness when up to standing </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Increased drowsiness and confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Unconsciousness or coma </li></ul>
  25. 25. Diabetic Ketoacidosis <ul><li>Body uses protein and fats for energy </li></ul><ul><li>Life-threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms: shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth, breath smells fruity, stomach pain </li></ul>
  26. 26. Hypoglycemic Symptoms <ul><li>Shakiness </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Pale skin color </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden moodiness or behavior changes </li></ul><ul><li>Clumsy or jerky movements </li></ul><ul><li>Seizure </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty paying attention or confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling sensations around the mouth </li></ul>
  27. 27. Default Settings
  28. 28. Change the Defaults of your Life of your Life <ul><li>Creating a new default, eliminates the necessity to choose - the choice is already made! </li></ul><ul><li>Establish new defaults: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regularly checking blood sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regularly inspecting your foot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise at your most convenient time </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Summary <ul><li>Diabetes ultimately affect your blood vessels, which lead to more complications! </li></ul><ul><li>Be active with your care with proper nutrition, physical activity, and regular foot inspections. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Create new lifestyle defaults for your diabetic condition. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Any Questions?