Diabetes by Bharti


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Diabetes by Bharti

  1. 1. DIABETES<br />
  2. 2. Whatis DIABETES?<br />Is Diabetes infectiousor non-infectious?<br />
  3. 3. Whatis DIABETES?<br />Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood - it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies.<br />
  4. 4. When our food is digested the glucose makes its way into our bloodstream. Our cells use the glucose for energy and growth. However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present - insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose.<br />Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, and lowers the blood sugar level.<br />
  5. 5. What causes DIABETES?<br />
  6. 6. What causes DIABETES?<br />Defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). This is because the body either does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. This results in too much glucose building up in the blood. This excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. <br />People who belong to family background having history of diabetes are 25% more prone to develop diabetes.<br />
  7. 7. What causes DIABETES?<br />Emotional stress also leads to Diabetes. <br />A bad diet and obesity are major factors for developing Diabetes but eating too much sugar does NOT develop diabetes.<br />
  8. 8. Types of DIABETES<br />Diabetes Mellitus Type 1: You produce no insulin at all.<br />Diabetes Mellitus Type 2: You don't produce enough insulin, or your insulin is not working properly.<br />Gestational Diabetes: You develop diabetes just during your pregnancy.<br />
  9. 9. Howisitdiagnosed?<br />SYMPTOMS:<br /><ul><li>FrequentUrination
  10. 10. Excessivethirst
  11. 11. Losingweightfor no reason
  12. 12. Weakness and fatigue
  13. 13. Tinglingornumbness in yourhands, legsorfeet.</li></li></ul><li>Diabetes management<br />Everydiabeticperson has a <br /> DIABETIC TESTING MACHINE. <br />Theyhavetomeasuretheglucosein theirbloodeveryday.<br />
  14. 14. Diabetes treatment<br />Whattreatment do diabeticpeopletake?<br />
  15. 15. Diabetes treatment<br />All types of diabetes are treatable, but Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes last a lifetime; there is no known cure.<br />The treatment for a patient with Type 1 is mainly injected insulin. Patients with Type 2 are usually treated with tablets. Plus dietary and exercise. <br />
  16. 16. Diabetes treatment<br />Where do theyinjecttheinsulin?<br />
  17. 17. Diabetes treatment<br />Theupperarm<br />The abdomen<br />
  18. 18. Diabetes treatment<br />Thighs<br />
  19. 19. Problemsdevelopedby diabetes<br />
  20. 20. Heartattack<br />Stroke<br />Problemsdevelopedby diabetes<br />
  21. 21. Kidneyfailure<br />Sexual problems<br />Problemsdevelopedby diabetes<br />
  22. 22. Problemsdevelopedby diabetes<br />Tooth and gumdisease<br />And thetwomostimportantproblems…<br />
  23. 23. Problemsdevelopedby diabetes<br />Blindness<br />Toe, foot, or leg infections requiring amputation <br />
  24. 24. Factsabout diabetes:<br />Whyisthirstone of thesymptoms?<br />
  25. 25. Factsabout diabetes:<br />Whyisthirstone of thesymptoms?<br />If your blood sugar levels are too high, your body sends a signal to your brain telling you to drink more water to dilute the blood sugar levels back to normal. This causes your body to consume more water, which will lead to frequent urination. But since your blood sugar levels are too high, your body will keep thinking that you need more water.<br />
  26. 26. Factsabout diabetes:<br />What are yousupposedto do when a diabeticpersonfaints?<br />
  27. 27. Factsabout diabetes:<br />What are yousupposedto do when a diabeticpersonfaints?<br />Give them sugar!!!<br />
  28. 28. Factsabout diabetes:<br />Ifdiabeticpeoplefaintwehavetogivethemjuice, jam, waterwithsomesugar, etc… Whyisthis?<br />Wedon’tknowhowtheirglucoselevelis. Iftheyhavehyperglycemia and wegivethemsugar, they can getinsulininjected once theambulance and paramedicsgetthere. Butifthatperson has a hypoglycemia and wedon’tgivethemsugar, whilewewaitfortheambulancetheirglucoselevel can getevenlower and theymay lose consciousness and even get into a coma.<br />
  29. 29. Howtoavoid Diabetes:<br />
  30. 30. Howtoavoid Diabetes:<br />Keep a balanceddiet and avoidsweets and fats.<br />
  31. 31. Howtoavoid Diabetes:<br />Practiceexerciseeveryday.<br />
  32. 32. Howtoavoid Diabetes:<br />Don’tsmoke!<br />Don’tdrink alcohol!<br />
  33. 33. Cause ifyoudon’ttakecare…<br />
  34. 34. Cause ifyoudon’ttakecare…<br />
  35. 35. THE END<br />