Diabetes

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Diabetes

  1. 1. Our Fight Against Diabetes<br />- Dipti Kamath<br />
  2. 2. What is Diabetes?<br /><ul><li> Disease in which blood sugars are ↑
  3. 3. Insulin, hormone secreted by the pancreas
  4. 4. Insulin is required for the body to use sugar for its needs
  5. 5. In diabetes, insulin is ↓ or the body doesn’t use insulin effectively </li></li></ul><li>Why should we know about DM?<br /><ul><li> No. of people with DM ↑ - </li></ul> “ Diabetes Capital ” <br /><ul><li>Prevent complications : Early detection and treatment
  6. 6. Co-morbidities : Heart disease, hypertension … </li></li></ul><li>SYMPTOMS<br />
  7. 7. Am I Diabetic??<br />
  8. 8. What do I do?!<br />DO NOT WORRY!! Diabetes is treatable. <br />At home : <br />Dietary modification <br />Exercise <br />Foot care <br />Regular medication <br />Watch out for complications <br />Regular Follow-ups<br />
  9. 9. DIET<br />
  10. 10. Atleast 30 min moderate physical activity 5days/week<br />EXERCISE<br />
  11. 11. FOOT CARE<br /><ul><li>Daily inspection
  12. 12. Keep dry and clean
  13. 13. Comfortable and well-fitting footwear</li></li></ul><li>Take medication regularly<br />MEDICATION<br />
  14. 14. SYMPTOMS OF LOW BLOOD SUGAR!!<br />
  15. 15. HYPOGLYCAEMIA!!<br /><ul><li> 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
  16. 16. ½ cup of fruit juice
  17. 17. 2-3 tsp sugar
  18. 18. 2-3 glucose tabs</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Atleast every 3 months
  19. 19. Report episodes of low sugars or complications</li></ul>FOLLOW-UP<br /><ul><li> Visit to specialist – eye, heart, nerves etc
  20. 20. Report injuries / ulcers</li></li></ul><li> REMEMBER… <br />

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