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DIABETIC DIET PLAN

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DIABETIC DIET PLAN

  1. 1. DIABETIC DIET PLAN MANAGING DIABETES WITH HEALTHY DIET Presented by- Faisal Shaan MBBS 2010 Batch
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO SELF-MANAGEMENT: Monitoring blood glucose Following a meal plan Taking medication Getting regular exercise Key pieces of diabetes self-management: 1/9
  3. 3. Importance of proper diet in a Diabetic Patient: 2/9 1. To provide adequate nutrition. 2. To control blood sugar and lipids. 3. To maintain ideal weight. 4. Less medication. 5. To prevent complications.
  4. 4. Carbohydrates • Diabetics-not restrict the carbohydrate intake but alter the carbohydrate type. • Eg-cereals, pulses -complex sugars. • Sugar, jaggery , honey and jam -simple sugar . • 55-60% of total daily intake of calories. Proteins Proteins can be obtained from-meat, pulses, legumes,milk. They help to reduce the blood glucose and lipids. 10-15% of total daily intake of calories. 4/9
  5. 5. Fats • Are concentrated forms of energy. • 3 types -saturated ,monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. • Saturated =ghee , butter, coconut oil -taken in small quantities. • 20-25% of total daily intake of calories. Dietary fiber • Part of food not digested in the gut-unavailable carbohydrate. • Eg-Whole grains, ragi, jowar, oats, green leafy vegetables. • Help reduce blood glucose, serum cholesterol, relieve constipation. • Intake of 25 gm dietary fiber per 1000 cal. –optimum 5/9
  6. 6. Glycemic index • Area under the 2 hour blood glucose response curve(AUC)following the ingestion of a fixed portion of test carbohydrate (50g) as a proportion of the standard either glucose or white bread. Low GI(55 or less) 1-Fruits,veg(except potato, watermelon). 2-Whole grains, beans 3- Lentils Medium GI(55- 69) 1-Sucrose 2-Basamati Rice 3-Brown Rice High GI(70 or more) 1-Baked potato 2-White bread 3- Syrupy foods 4-Candies 6/9
  7. 7. Permissible Foods 1-Green leafy vegetables 2-Seasonal vegetables 3-Soups 4-Dairy products(Skimmed) 5-Fruits—Apple, guava, pear, papaya. 6-All Pulses -Husked Non Permissible Foods 1-Sugar , jaggery , honey. 2-Potato, beetroot , arvi, sweet potato 3-Fried,canned foods, processed foods 4-Soft drinks, ice creams, fruit juice 7/9
  8. 8. MODIFICATIONS: Foodusedliberally • Vegetables • Green leafy vegetables • High fiber food Foodinmoderate amounts • Fats • Nuts • Cereals • Fruits • Milk products • Eggs Foodtobeavoided • Sugar • Sweets • Honey • Sweetened drinks 8/9

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