Understanding Intercultural Communication Second Edition Chapter 5 What is Culture Shock? Stella Ting-Toomey & Leeva C. Chung OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESSPowerPoint Slides Designed by Alex Flecky and Noorie Baig
I. Unpacking Culture ShockConsidering Culture Shock …• Have you ever experienced culture shock? Share a story…• What were you experiencing emotionally?• What caused your anxious feelings?• How did you handle the culture shock situation?• In retrospect, would you like to have handled the situation differently?• What does culture shock mean to YOU???
I. Unpacking Culture ShockA. Characteristics of Culture Shock Culture Shock: a stressful transitional period when individuals move from a familiar cultural environment to an unfamiliar one. Watch a group of Sudanese men as they experience culture shock, arriving in the United States for the first time. Click here.
I. Unpacking Culture ShockABCs of culture shock:• Affectively, sojourners often feel anxiety, bewilderment, confusion, disorientation, and intense desire to be elsewhere.• Behaviorally, they are confused as to norms and rules that guide communication appropriateness and effectiveness.• Cognitively, they lack competence to interpret or
I. Unpacking Culture ShockB. Pros and Cons of Culture ShockC. Approaching Culture Shock: Underlying Factors • Motivation Orientation • Personal Expectations • Cultural Distance • Psychological Adjustment • Sociocultural Adjustment • Communication Competence • Personality Attributes
A Mini-Experiential Exercise“Writing with My Non-Dominant Hand…”2 Writing Rules: 1) Write with your non-dominant hand. 2) Write from right to left.Reflection: • What did you experience? What did you feel? • What did you learn?
I. Unpacking Culture ShockD. Initial Tips to Manage Culture Shock 1. Increase motivation to learn about the new culture. 2. Keep expectations realistic and increase familiarity with diverse facets of new culture. 3. Increase linguistic fluency and appropriateness and understand core values linked to specific behaviors. 4. Work on tolerating ambiguity and other flexibility attributes. 5. Develop close friends and acquaintanceships to manage identity stress and loneliness. 6. Be mindful of suspending ethnocentric
II. Intercultural Adjustment:Developmental PatternsA. The U-Curve Adjustment Model 1. Initial adjustment: optimistic or elation phase. 2. Crisis: stressful phase when sojourners are overwhelmed by own incompetence. 3. Regained adjustment: settling-in phase, involving effective coping.
II. Intercultural Adjustment:Developmental Patterns B. The Revised W-Shape Adjustment Model 10
II. Intercultural Adjustment: DevelopmentalPatternsThe Revised W-Shape Adjustment Model STAGES: A. Honeymoon “Everything is Beautiful” B. Hostility “Everything is Ugly” Three types of reaction: Early Returnees, Time Servers, or Participators C. Humorous “Everything is Quite Funny” Rebounding stage D. In-Sync “Everything is OK”
II. Intercultural Adjustment: DevelopmentalPatternsThe Revised W-Shape Adjustment ModelE. Ambivalence “Everything is Sweet & Sour” Departure stageF. Re-Entry Culture Shock “Everything is Off Center”G. Re-Socialization “Everything is Home Again… Maybe?!” Resocializers, Alienators, Transformers
II. Intercultural Adjustment: DevelopmentalPatternsThe Revised W-Shape Adjustment ModelMedia Activity: The Namesake film clipDiscussion Questions: • What is your reaction to this clip? • Where is Ashima in the W- shape model? Can you describe her feelings? • How do you think her husband, Ashok, could better prepare his wife for the American cultural experience? • What can Ashima do (how might she reach out to seek help) to reach the in-sync stage?
III. Re-entry Culture ShockIf you have experienced re-entry culture shock: Did you experience any re-entry culture shock stress? How so? Any tips to make the re-entry culture shock less stressful?
IV. Intercultural Reality Check: Do-Ables• Realize that culture shock is inevitable.• Maintain an ethnorelative attitude.• Acknowledge your roller-coaster emotions.• Reach out and seek help when needed.• There are many caring individuals and resources out there awaiting to help you.• Take care of your physical & mental health daily.• Do something creative every day – write your travel blogs, express yourself in a journal, snap fun photos.• Stay in touch with supportive others.
Parting Thoughts…When you leave one home for another,there’ll always lessons to be learned. ~ Kofi Annan