Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright  ©  The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduct...
Question 1 <ul><li>What was the name of the scientist who coined the term &quot;cell&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Mattias S...
Question 2 <ul><li>Which of the following is not part of the cell theory? </li></ul><ul><li>A. new cells arise only from p...
Question 3 <ul><li>Only multicellular organisms are made of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </...
Question 4 <ul><li>The main reason why cells are so small is: </li></ul><ul><li>A. so they can exchange genetic informatio...
Question 5 <ul><li>As a cell increases in size which of the following conditions would apply? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the vol...
Question 6 <ul><li>Cells which specialize in absorption such as human intestinal cells would have the following modificati...
Question 7 <ul><li>No cells can be seen with the human eye. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
Question 8 <ul><li>On a microscope, which lens is looked into with the human eye? </li></ul><ul><li>A. objective lens </li...
Question 9 <ul><li>A biologist wants to examine living cells in the lab. Which type of microscope would the biologist use?...
Question 10 <ul><li>One of the best ways to increase microscope resolution is to: </li></ul><ul><li>A. decrease the wavele...
Question 11 <ul><li>Which of the following microscopes passes a beam of electrons through a thinly sliced specimen? </li><...
Question 12 <ul><li>The term prokaryotic means before nucleus. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li><...
Question 13 <ul><li>Which of the following structures would not be found in a prokaryotic cell? </li></ul><ul><li>A. plasm...
Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following statements about eukaryotic cells is true when compared to prokaryotic cells? <...
Question 15 <ul><li>A scientist is studying an unknown cell under the microscope. She observes that the cell has a nucleus...
Question 16 <ul><li>A scientist is studying an unknown cell under the microscope. He observes that the cell has a nucleus,...
Question 17 <ul><li>If you were studying the semifluid interior of the cell you would be studying the: </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Question 18 <ul><li>A dark region of chromatin where the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is produced is also referred to as a chromos...
Question 19 <ul><li>If a eukaryotic cell lacked a nucleus, which of the following statements would be true? </li></ul><ul>...
Question 20 <ul><li>A cell biologist is studying a dark region inside the nucleus of a cell where rRNA joins with ribosome...
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Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 4
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>What was the name of the scientist who coined the term &quot;cell&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Mattias Schleiden </li></ul><ul><li>B. Charles Darwin </li></ul><ul><li>C. Theodor Schwann </li></ul><ul><li>D. Robert Hooke </li></ul><ul><li>E. Camillo Golgi </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>Which of the following is not part of the cell theory? </li></ul><ul><li>A. new cells arise only from preexisting cells </li></ul><ul><li>B. the cell is the basic unit of life </li></ul><ul><li>C. only eukaryotes are made of cells </li></ul><ul><li>D. anything smaller than a cell is not alive </li></ul><ul><li>E. all living things are made of cells </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Only multicellular organisms are made of cells. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>The main reason why cells are so small is: </li></ul><ul><li>A. so they can exchange genetic information </li></ul><ul><li>B. so they can divide </li></ul><ul><li>C. because the cell membrane is made of lipids </li></ul><ul><li>D. because they come from preexisting cells </li></ul><ul><li>E. the surface area to volume ratio </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>As a cell increases in size which of the following conditions would apply? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the volume increases more than the surface area </li></ul><ul><li>B. the surface area increases more than the volume </li></ul><ul><li>C. the surface area stays the same and the volume increases </li></ul><ul><li>D. the volume stays the same and the surface area increases </li></ul><ul><li>E. the volume and surface area increase in equal amounts </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Cells which specialize in absorption such as human intestinal cells would have the following modifications: </li></ul><ul><li>A. they would increase size to increase absorption </li></ul><ul><li>B. they have few organelles to maximize absorption </li></ul><ul><li>C. they have surface folds called microvilli to maximize absorption </li></ul><ul><li>D. they have many cilia to increase absorption </li></ul><ul><li>E. they have many flagella to increase absorption </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>No cells can be seen with the human eye. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>On a microscope, which lens is looked into with the human eye? </li></ul><ul><li>A. objective lens </li></ul><ul><li>B. electron lens </li></ul><ul><li>C. condenser lens </li></ul><ul><li>D. ocular lens </li></ul><ul><li>E. projector lens </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>A biologist wants to examine living cells in the lab. Which type of microscope would the biologist use? </li></ul><ul><li>A. transmission electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>B. resolution microscope </li></ul><ul><li>C. scanning electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>D. condenser electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>E. compound microscope </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>One of the best ways to increase microscope resolution is to: </li></ul><ul><li>A. decrease the wavelength of light </li></ul><ul><li>B. hit the specimen with electrons </li></ul><ul><li>C. increase the wavelength of light </li></ul><ul><li>D. increase light intensity </li></ul><ul><li>E. use a red filter </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>Which of the following microscopes passes a beam of electrons through a thinly sliced specimen? </li></ul><ul><li>A. a resolution electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>B. a compound electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>C. transmission electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>D. condenser electron microscope </li></ul><ul><li>E. scanning electron microscope </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>The term prokaryotic means before nucleus. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>Which of the following structures would not be found in a prokaryotic cell? </li></ul><ul><li>A. plasma membrane </li></ul><ul><li>B. nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>C. cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>D. capsule </li></ul><ul><li>E. ribosome </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following statements about eukaryotic cells is true when compared to prokaryotic cells? </li></ul><ul><li>A. they are smaller </li></ul><ul><li>B. they have no cell membrane </li></ul><ul><li>C. they have no nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>D. they have a nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>E. they have a capsule </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>A scientist is studying an unknown cell under the microscope. She observes that the cell has a nucleus, a cell wall, and a large central vacuole. Based on these observations she can conclude that the cell is most likely: </li></ul><ul><li>A. a plant cell </li></ul><ul><li>B. a bacteria cell </li></ul><ul><li>C. a prokaryotic cell </li></ul><ul><li>D. an animal cell </li></ul><ul><li>E. an archaea </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>A scientist is studying an unknown cell under the microscope. He observes that the cell has a nucleus, no cell wall, and no large central vacuole. Based on these observations he can conclude that the cell is most likely: </li></ul><ul><li>A. a plant cell </li></ul><ul><li>B. a bacteria cell </li></ul><ul><li>C. a prokaryotic cell </li></ul><ul><li>D. an animal cell </li></ul><ul><li>E. an archaea </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>If you were studying the semifluid interior of the cell you would be studying the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. cytoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>B. centrosome </li></ul><ul><li>C. cytoplasm </li></ul><ul><li>D. centrioles </li></ul><ul><li>E. chromatin </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>A dark region of chromatin where the ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is produced is also referred to as a chromosome. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>If a eukaryotic cell lacked a nucleus, which of the following statements would be true? </li></ul><ul><li>A. it could not make energy </li></ul><ul><li>B. it could not package proteins </li></ul><ul><li>C. it could not maintain its shape </li></ul><ul><li>D. it could not digest macromolecules </li></ul><ul><li>E. it would not have genetic information </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>A cell biologist is studying a dark region inside the nucleus of a cell where rRNA joins with ribosomes. Based on this information, the biologist would be studying which of the following structures? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the nuclear envelope </li></ul><ul><li>B. the nucleolus </li></ul><ul><li>C. the chromosomes </li></ul><ul><li>D. the nuclear pores </li></ul><ul><li>E. the cytoplasm </li></ul>

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