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Section13

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Section13

  1. 1. The Animal Kingdom Biology I Factoids
  2. 2. Factoid 217 <ul><li>Section 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Porifera </li></ul><ul><li>Example – Sponges </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Body is full of pores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filter feeder </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Factoid 218 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Cnidaria </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Jellyfish, Hydra, and Coral </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stinging cells called Cnidocytes/nematocysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One body opening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two body forms (medusa and polyp) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Factoid 219 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Platyhelminthes </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – All flatworms including tapeworms and a freshwater, free-living planaria </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One body opening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cephalization-sense organs in a “head” region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilaterially symmetrical </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Factoid 220 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Nematoda </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – All roundworms including heartworms and soil nematodes. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Round with NO segmentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First group to have separate sexes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First group to have TWO body openings (mouth and anus) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Factoid 221 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Mollusca (shelled-animals) </li></ul><ul><li>Class Gastropoda - Snails </li></ul><ul><li>Class Bivalvia - clams </li></ul><ul><li>Class Cephalopoda – Octopus/Squid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mantle produces shell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Factoid 222 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Annelida </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Earthworm and leech </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All segmented worms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 hearts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hermaphrodites </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Factoid 223 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Arthropoda (jointed-legged animals with exoskeletons made of chitin) </li></ul><ul><li>Class Arachnida – Spiders, ticks, mites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 legs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two body sections (head & cephalathorax </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Class Insecta – the insects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 legs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three body sections </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Class Crustacea – Lobsters, crabs, shrimp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 or more legs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two body sections </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Factoid 224 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Echinodermata </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Starfish, sand dollar, and sea urchin, Sea Squirt </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Spiny-skinned” animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Vascular System controls many tube feet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regeneration as long as ring canal isn’t damaged </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Factoid 225 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of ALL chordates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dorsal Hollow Nerve Chord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-anal Tail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pharangeal Gill Slits </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Factoid 226 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Agnatha </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Hagfish and the Lamprey </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jawless Fish </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Factoid 227 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Chondrichthyes </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Sharks, skates, and rays </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletons made up of cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scales are modified teeth and teeth are modified scales. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Factoid 228 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Osteichthyes </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Catfish and trout (all bony fish) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletons made up of bone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swim bladder for buoyancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lateral line – sense organ used for detecting minor changes in the water. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Factoid 229 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Amphibia </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Frogs, Toads, Newts, Salamanders </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moist skins (used for breathing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of their life on land and part in water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet don’t have claws </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Factoid 230 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Reptilia </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – Turtle, Snake, Lizard, Alligator, Crocodile, and dinosaurs! </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather-like eggs adapted for land </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Factoid 231 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Aves </li></ul><ul><li>Examples – All Birds </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feathers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin hollow bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed to be evolved from reptiles </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Factoid 232 <ul><li>Kingdom Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class Mammalia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>give birth to live young </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>have hair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>produce milk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monotremes (egg laying), Marsupials, (pouched), or placental (live young) </li></ul>

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