Chapter 25

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Chapter 25

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 25
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Animals which get their heat from the outside environment are referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. homeothermic </li></ul><ul><li>B. endothermic </li></ul><ul><li>C. adipothermic </li></ul><ul><li>D. ectothermic </li></ul><ul><li>E. integuthermic </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>If you were a biologist and you were studying organisms which rely on heat produced from within, you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. pseudotherms </li></ul><ul><li>B. endotherms </li></ul><ul><li>C. adipotherms </li></ul><ul><li>D. ectotherms </li></ul><ul><li>E. integutherms </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>Organisms which are endothermic devote as much as 80% of their basal metabolic rate to: </li></ul><ul><li>A. reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>B. locomotion </li></ul><ul><li>C. thermoregulation </li></ul><ul><li>D. making new tissue </li></ul><ul><li>E. repairing old tissue </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following group of organisms is not ectothermic? </li></ul><ul><li>A. amphibians </li></ul><ul><li>B. reptiles </li></ul><ul><li>C. insects </li></ul><ul><li>D. moths </li></ul><ul><li>E. mammals </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Which of the following is the main mechanism used by ectotherms to regulate body temperature? </li></ul><ul><li>A. fur </li></ul><ul><li>B. behavior </li></ul><ul><li>C. feathers </li></ul><ul><li>D. fat stores </li></ul><ul><li>E. modification of blood chemistry </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>A biologist is studying organisms which live in very cold parts of the world. Of the following, which characteristics would he or she be least likely to be studying? </li></ul><ul><li>A. scales </li></ul><ul><li>B. fur </li></ul><ul><li>C. feathers </li></ul><ul><li>D. fat layers </li></ul><ul><li>E. hibernation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>A group of similar cells performing a specific function are known as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. an organ </li></ul><ul><li>B. an organism </li></ul><ul><li>C. a tissue </li></ul><ul><li>D. an organ system </li></ul><ul><li>E. a cell </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>If you were studying several organs working together to perform a particular function, you would be studying: </li></ul><ul><li>A. a cell system </li></ul><ul><li>B. a tissue system </li></ul><ul><li>C. an organism system </li></ul><ul><li>D. an organ system </li></ul><ul><li>E. a metabolic system </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>Which of the following levels of biological organization is the most inclusive? </li></ul><ul><li>A. a tissue </li></ul><ul><li>B. an organ </li></ul><ul><li>C. an organism </li></ul><ul><li>D. an organ system </li></ul><ul><li>E. a cell </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>Which of the following would be considered a type of loose connective tissue? </li></ul><ul><li>A. tendons </li></ul><ul><li>B. adipose </li></ul><ul><li>C. ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>D. cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>E. bone </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>Which is not a correct pairing of term and function? </li></ul><ul><li>A. adipose-stored fat </li></ul><ul><li>B. ligament-connect bone to bone </li></ul><ul><li>C. platelets-fight infection </li></ul><ul><li>D. red blood cells-transport oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>E. hyaline cartilage-protect the ends of bones </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a basic type of tissue? </li></ul><ul><li>A. muscular </li></ul><ul><li>B. nervous </li></ul><ul><li>C. reproductive </li></ul><ul><li>D. epithelial </li></ul><ul><li>E. connective </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>A doctor is studying a type of tissue which forms the external and internal lining of many organs and covers the surface of the body. Based on this information, you would conclude that he or she is studying this type of tissue: </li></ul><ul><li>A. muscular </li></ul><ul><li>B. nervous </li></ul><ul><li>C. excretory </li></ul><ul><li>D. epithelial </li></ul><ul><li>E. connective </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Simple squamous epithelium has: </li></ul><ul><li>A. a single layer of cube-shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>B. a single layer of column-shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>C. a single layer of flat cells </li></ul><ul><li>D. many layers of cube-shaped cells </li></ul><ul><li>E. many layers of flat cells </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>If you were looking through a microscope at epithelial tissue which appeared to be layered but all the cells touch the basement membrane, you would be looking at: </li></ul><ul><li>A. squamous epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>B. stratified epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>C. cuboidal epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>D. simple columnar epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>E. pseudostratified epithelium </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>Glands are primarily made of connective tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>A. true </li></ul><ul><li>B. false </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: B </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>If you were a biologist studying connective tissue, which of the following types of tissue would you not be interested in studying? </li></ul><ul><li>A. adipose </li></ul><ul><li>B. blood </li></ul><ul><li>C. bone </li></ul><ul><li>D. cuboidal </li></ul><ul><li>E. cartilage </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>Collagen and elastic fibers are found in _________ tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>A. epithelial </li></ul><ul><li>B. muscle </li></ul><ul><li>C. nerve </li></ul><ul><li>D. connective </li></ul><ul><li>E. simple squamous </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>If you were studying a type of tissue that lacks a direct blood supply and heals very slowly you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>B. bone </li></ul><ul><li>C. muscle </li></ul><ul><li>D. epithelium </li></ul><ul><li>E. nerve </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>Muscles are connected to bones by: </li></ul><ul><li>A. nerve tissue </li></ul><ul><li>B. epithelial tissue </li></ul><ul><li>C. ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>D. tendons </li></ul><ul><li>E. a basement membrane </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 25 <ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul>

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