Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright  ©  The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduct...
Question 1 <ul><li>Which of the following information cannot be gained by examining the skeletal remains of a human? </li>...
Question 2 <ul><li>The type of skeleton analogous to a garden hose stiffening as it fills with water would be: </li></ul><...
Question 3 <ul><li>If you were studying the type of skeleton found in an earthworm you would be studying which of the foll...
Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following types of skeleton would be found in arthropods and molluscs? </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Question 5 <ul><li>Which of the following organisms has an endoskeleton? </li></ul><ul><li>A. molluscs </li></ul><ul><li>B...
Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system in humans? </li></ul><ul><li>A. locomot...
Question 7 <ul><li>If you were studying the bones of the axial skeleton which of the following would not be part of your s...
Question 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a bone found in the pectoral girdle? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the humerus </l...
Question 9 <ul><li>The correct order of the vertebrae from top to bottom is: </li></ul><ul><li>A. thoracic, lumbar, sacrum...
Question 10 <ul><li>If you were studying the bones of the skull which of the following would not be included in your studi...
Question 11 <ul><li>At the base of the skull, the spinal cord passes upward through a large opening called the: </li></ul>...
Question 12 <ul><li>If you were studying the only freely movable portion of the skull you would be studying which of the f...
Question 13 <ul><li>The pads of fibrocartilage between the vertebrae are referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. myosin disks...
Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a correct association in the pectoral girdle and the upper limbs? </li><...
Question 15 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a correct association in the pelvic girdle and the lower limbs? </li></u...
Question 16 <ul><li>If you were studying the bones of the pelvic girdle and lower limbs which of the following would not b...
Question 17 <ul><li>Bone-forming cells are termed: </li></ul><ul><li>A. chondrocytes </li></ul><ul><li>B. chondroclasts </...
Question 18 <ul><li>____________ is a condition in many older women in which the bones become weak and thin and can be slo...
Question 19 <ul><li>A biologist is studying bone-absorbing cells in the human body. Based on this information you would co...
Question 20 <ul><li>If you were looking through a microscope at the tiny chambers where osteocytes are found you would be ...
Answer Key – Chapter 28 <ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></u...
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Chapter 28

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Chapter 28

  1. 1. Mader's Concepts in Biology, First Edition Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, InC) Permission required for reproduction or display. Sylvia S. Mader Chapter 28
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Which of the following information cannot be gained by examining the skeletal remains of a human? </li></ul><ul><li>A. cause of death </li></ul><ul><li>B. age at the time of death </li></ul><ul><li>C. the condition of the cardiovascular system </li></ul><ul><li>D. the gender </li></ul><ul><li>E. the ethnicity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Question 2 <ul><li>The type of skeleton analogous to a garden hose stiffening as it fills with water would be: </li></ul><ul><li>A. an exoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>B. a hydrostatic skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>C. a spongy skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>D. an endoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>E. a myosin skeleton </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 3 <ul><li>If you were studying the type of skeleton found in an earthworm you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. an endoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>B. a circular skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>C. an exoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>D. a hydrostatic skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>E. a longitudinal skeleton </li></ul>
  5. 5. Question 4 <ul><li>Which of the following types of skeleton would be found in arthropods and molluscs? </li></ul><ul><li>A. an exoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>B. a hydrostatic skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>C. an endoskeleton </li></ul><ul><li>D. a compound skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>E. a spongy skeleton </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 5 <ul><li>Which of the following organisms has an endoskeleton? </li></ul><ul><li>A. molluscs </li></ul><ul><li>B. earthworms </li></ul><ul><li>C. arthropods </li></ul><ul><li>D. flatworms </li></ul><ul><li>E. echinoderms </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question 6 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a function of the skeletal system in humans? </li></ul><ul><li>A. locomotion </li></ul><ul><li>B. protection </li></ul><ul><li>C. reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>D. immunity </li></ul><ul><li>E. respiration </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 7 <ul><li>If you were studying the bones of the axial skeleton which of the following would not be part of your studies? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the sternum </li></ul><ul><li>B. the vertebrae </li></ul><ul><li>C. the ribs </li></ul><ul><li>D. the clavicle </li></ul><ul><li>E. the skull </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question 8 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a bone found in the pectoral girdle? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the humerus </li></ul><ul><li>B. the tarsals </li></ul><ul><li>C. the scapula </li></ul><ul><li>D. radius </li></ul><ul><li>E. the ulna </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 9 <ul><li>The correct order of the vertebrae from top to bottom is: </li></ul><ul><li>A. thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, cervical, coccyx </li></ul><ul><li>B. cervical, lumbar, sacrum, thoracic, coccyx </li></ul><ul><li>C. cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx </li></ul><ul><li>D. lumbar, sacrum, cervical, thoracic, coccyx </li></ul><ul><li>E. sacrum, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, coccyx </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 10 <ul><li>If you were studying the bones of the skull which of the following would not be included in your studies? </li></ul><ul><li>A. frontal </li></ul><ul><li>B. maxilla </li></ul><ul><li>C. parietal </li></ul><ul><li>D. temporal </li></ul><ul><li>E. scapula </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 11 <ul><li>At the base of the skull, the spinal cord passes upward through a large opening called the: </li></ul><ul><li>A. vertebral column </li></ul><ul><li>B. intervertebral opening </li></ul><ul><li>C. synovial opening </li></ul><ul><li>D. foramen magnum </li></ul><ul><li>E. articular canal </li></ul>
  13. 13. Question 12 <ul><li>If you were studying the only freely movable portion of the skull you would be studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the mandible </li></ul><ul><li>B. the zygomatic bone </li></ul><ul><li>C. the maxilla </li></ul><ul><li>D. the nasal </li></ul><ul><li>E. the mastoid </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 13 <ul><li>The pads of fibrocartilage between the vertebrae are referred to as: </li></ul><ul><li>A. myosin disks </li></ul><ul><li>B. intervertebral disks </li></ul><ul><li>C. articular disks </li></ul><ul><li>D. axial disks </li></ul><ul><li>E. synovial disks </li></ul>
  15. 15. Question 14 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a correct association in the pectoral girdle and the upper limbs? </li></ul><ul><li>A. humerus-upper arm </li></ul><ul><li>B. ulna-lower arm </li></ul><ul><li>C. carpals-bones of the palm </li></ul><ul><li>D. scapula-shoulder blade </li></ul><ul><li>E. phalanges-fingers </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 15 <ul><li>Which of the following is not a correct association in the pelvic girdle and the lower limbs? </li></ul><ul><li>A. fibula-lower leg </li></ul><ul><li>B. phalanges-toes </li></ul><ul><li>C. patella-knee cap </li></ul><ul><li>D. coxal bones-hips </li></ul><ul><li>E. tibia-upper leg </li></ul>
  17. 17. Question 16 <ul><li>If you were studying the bones of the pelvic girdle and lower limbs which of the following would not be involved in your studies? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the tibia </li></ul><ul><li>B. the femur </li></ul><ul><li>C. the coxal bones </li></ul><ul><li>D. the carpals </li></ul><ul><li>E. the patella </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 17 <ul><li>Bone-forming cells are termed: </li></ul><ul><li>A. chondrocytes </li></ul><ul><li>B. chondroclasts </li></ul><ul><li>C. osteoclasts </li></ul><ul><li>D. osteocytes </li></ul><ul><li>E. osteoblasts </li></ul>
  19. 19. Question 18 <ul><li>____________ is a condition in many older women in which the bones become weak and thin and can be slowed by nutrition, medicine, and exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Rheumatoid arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>B. Bursitis </li></ul><ul><li>C. Osteoarthritis </li></ul><ul><li>D. Osteoporosis </li></ul><ul><li>E. Meningitis </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 19 <ul><li>A biologist is studying bone-absorbing cells in the human body. Based on this information you would conclude that he or she is studying which of the following? </li></ul><ul><li>A. osteoclasts </li></ul><ul><li>B. chondrocytes </li></ul><ul><li>C. osteoblasts </li></ul><ul><li>D. osteocytes </li></ul><ul><li>E. chondroblasts </li></ul>
  21. 21. Question 20 <ul><li>If you were looking through a microscope at the tiny chambers where osteocytes are found you would be looking at: </li></ul><ul><li>A. canaliculus </li></ul><ul><li>B. osteons </li></ul><ul><li>C. lacuna </li></ul><ul><li>D. central canals </li></ul><ul><li>E. the medullary cavity </li></ul>
  22. 22. Answer Key – Chapter 28 <ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul>

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