College of Vet.& AH Mizoram

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Pig production in the North East of India

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College of Vet.& AH Mizoram

  1. 2. Sl No Item Mizoram India 1 Total population (In million) 0.89 1028.61 2 Sex Ratio (Census 2001) 935 933 3 Population below poverty line (%) 19.47 26.10 4 Schedule Caste population (Million) 0.0003 166.64 5 Schedule Tribe Population (Million) 0.84 84.33 6 Literacy rate 88.8 64.8
  2. 3. College of Veterinary Science & A.H. <ul><li>The second veterinary college in NE India </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>A constituent institute of CAU </li></ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction over seven states excluding Assam </li></ul>
  3. 4. Mandates
  4. 5. Pig- Dominant livestock in Mizoram <ul><li>Mizos are traditional pig keepers </li></ul><ul><li>Highest density of pigs in India(18 against 4/household) </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 2.67 Million (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Growth: 33.09% (2003-2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Crossbred:90% </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous: 10% </li></ul><ul><li>No taboos against pork eating </li></ul>
  5. 6. Pig project of the College <ul><li>To complement the system of pig rearing with improved techniques within the existing possible resources in Mizoram </li></ul>
  6. 7. Salient findings of survey on existing pig rearing system Housing Stall type, inadequate to medium and large scale enterprise Waste disposal Poor Breeds Preference for exotic breeds and crossbreds of white coloured breeds Breeding A.I. in practice, reluctant to rear boar Feeds Broken rice, kitchen waste, surplus vegetables, banana stems, local herbs etc Feeding system Stall feeding and wet type Health care Vaccination, deworming, iron injection etc. are practiced Prevalent diseases SF, GI infection, skin diseases Market Local markets Marketing System Producers->Agents-> Retailer-> Consumers
  7. 8. Supply of pigs Always in deficit Supply of pork in the local market Insufficient Veterinary services Average Cutting of needle teeth Not practiced Weaning Practiced Castration Practiced Special care to pregnant and lactating animals No
  8. 9. Small unit (62%), <5 pigs Aversion to change practices Medium unit (36%), 5-15 pigs More interested to changes in feeding and disease prevention Semi-medium (2%), >15 pigs Look into better facilities, training even value addition
  9. 10. Farmer’s needs <ul><li>Availability of improved pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-balanced to balanced cheaper feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccine and sero- diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Technical knowledge/training </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Production and Management practices followed by farmers </li></ul><ul><li>T o develop crossbreds to cater the needs of the local farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques of disease diagnosis and package of practices towards prevention of common diseases in pig </li></ul><ul><li>Local based feeding system </li></ul><ul><li>Skill development of the farmers through farmers </li></ul>
  11. 12. Activities <ul><li>First phase I : </li></ul><ul><li>1.Farm rearing of a local miniature pig (Zovawk) and LWY breed: </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation programme </li></ul><ul><li>Selection and mating </li></ul><ul><li>2.Establishment of Referral Laboratory for SF </li></ul><ul><li>Sero-surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>3. Feeding experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Utilization of banana stems as pig feed </li></ul>
  12. 13. Mizo Local
  13. 14. <ul><li>Phase II : </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of field units </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of performance of crossbreds under </li></ul><ul><li>intensive and filed condition </li></ul><ul><li>Phase III : </li></ul><ul><li>Large scale production and distribution of piglets </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption of village </li></ul>
  14. 15. LWY
  15. 16. Institute level delivery system
  16. 17. Three types training programme <ul><li>Professionals : On advanced tools and techniques of veterinary sciences and animal husbandry </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-professional : Para vets, veterinary inspectors and members of NGOs to enhance their specific field </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers : For skill development on farm rearing practices </li></ul>
  17. 19. Collaborators

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