ELKS Enhancing livelihoods through livestock knowledge systems<br />Knowledge Management for: “Effective Service Delivery for Increasing Benefits from Pig Rearing in the North East”<br />VALUE ADDITION TO THE TRADITIONAL PIG REARING PRACTICES-AN EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOOD FOR FLOOD AFFECTED POPULATION IN DHEMAJI<br />By: Rural Volunteers Centre, Akajan<br />Gowahati, 7-9 April 2010<br />
Context/Background<br /><ul><li>RVC, has been working in flood disaster- response, rehabilitation, disaster risk reduction
Direct implementation, action research, advocacy
Organisational mandate and mission:- The vision statement of organization – “An epidemic free just society with appropriate technology and self-reliance.”
Mission statements- Mission statement III:</li></ul>Appropriation of rural technologies and practices through participation of the community to ensure better and secured living opportunity.<br />
Context/Background<br /><ul><li>Project History: Floods 1996, 1998 and 2000 displaced more 10000 families and 90% of the crop land was sand deposited causing marginalization of these farm families
Feasible livelihood options for the female members- weaving and livestock rearing (40% family income supported from these sources)
Pig rearing supported 80% and other livestock supported 10% of the income</li></li></ul><li>Context/Background<br /><ul><li>Type of intervention:- Organizing the women in SHGs, Training on pig rearing, improvement of breed, Promotion of Paravet, Market promotion and linkage-AmarBazar
Geographical Areas of Intervention: 26 villages on the embankment of river Brahmaputra since 2000 of Sisiborgaon development block under Dhemaji district
Objective of the intervention: Promotion of pig rearing as an effective alternative livelihood for the marginalized farm families to support 80% of the total family income.
Funding:- Action Aid India, DRDA-Dhemaji, Oxfam, IGSS
Technical supports- Department animal Husbandry-Dhemaji, PRADAN, ILRI</li></li></ul><li>Project Stakeholders and Structures:<br /><ul><li>End beneficiaries of the project (primary beneficiaries) :- The women supported family members
Actors/ service providers ( secondary beneficiaries/stakeholders):- GaonBikashKcbang (GBK), KiniKcbang, Women SHGs, AMAR BAZAR, Paravet, Deptt of Animal Husbandry-Dhemaji
Piglet support and training to the selected women SHG members through GBK, vaccinated with the help of the Paravets and monitoring by SHG, GBK, RVC
The equal amount of money refunded to the GBK within one year through the SHG
The GBK supports another families (including non-SHG poor and marginalized women and disables ) with the piglets from this refunded money and the loan is refunded to the GBK in terms of piglet within the stipulated time.
Provisioning of high yielding service boars to selected SHGs, the boar provides service at the cost of nominal rate.
Marketing of piglets and pig meat through AMAR BAZAR by women directly</li></li></ul><li>Service Model Features:<br /><ul><li>Distinctive features of service delivery model chosen at different levels :-
Farmer/community organisation level:- Engagement of the women SHGs in the productive activities, the rearing and marketing methods of the pigs are improved through scientific interventions (vaccination, cross breeding, captive rearing, improvement of feed, development of proper market linkage and marketing skill)
District and service provision structures:- Infrastructure support, training/exposure support and doctors/field supervisors</li></li></ul><li>Achievements attained:<br /><ul><li>Community capacity strengthening :-SHGs (121 nos), SHG federation, women entrepreneurs, formation of the revolving fund-Rs. 480000.00, 24000 pigs, 52 HY boars, integration of the pig rearing to different IFS models (Pig-Poultry-Paddy- Fish-Horticulture )
Efficiency/Effectiveness of (district )services :-Promotion of paravets, mobilizing the extension services
Institutional strengthening :-KiniKcebang, GBK, AmarBazar, Central Amarbazar Training cum Production centre
Economic benefits for end –beneficiaries:- 60% of the family income supported by pig rearing
Sustainability & replicability of scheme:-100% of the system is now run by the community by their own, the model is adapted by other organizations
Cost : Benefit=1:1.96 in case of piglet production</li></li></ul><li>Challenges/Key Issues/Obstacles <br /><ul><li>Major issues and challenges :
Organisational level:- Recurring flood, displacement and taboos at community level, fund mobilization
Stakeholder cooperation:- The renovation of the traditional Kcbang system, intervention of the market promoted middleman, no provision for livestock insurance, no bank initiatives
Household/ farmer/ community level:- Migration of the male members, shade for the pig, hygiene, storage of vaccine
Animal production/marketing :- Fatal infection, communication, strong presence of market middleman</li></li></ul><li>Lessons learnt/best practices <br /><ul><li>Lessons learnt at different levels up to now or after project evaluation
Approach used:- The community acceptance was a major factor which was supported by the traditional skills, cultural coherence, available market
Institutional/organisational aspects :-Integration of pig rearing to different IFS models for optimizing the benefit
Animal production/marketing :-Market linkage of the production is one of the key factor for ensuring good return to the primary producer.
Stakeholder involvement /cooperation:-The community monitoring system is an effective tool for proper implementation of the project.</li></li></ul><li>Thank You for your Attention !<br />