Mapping the interface of poverty, emerging         markets and zoonosesEcoHealth Conference, Kunming China 2012           ...
International Livestock Research Institute•a member of the CGIAR Consortium, ILRI conducts livestock, food andenvironmenta...
Mapping poverty and zoonoses             hotspots• To present data and expert knowledge on  poverty and zoonoses hotspots ...
Methods• Update global maps of poor livestock keeper• Map rapidly emerging livestock systems• Update map of emerging infec...
•   One billion PLK depend on 19 billion livestock•   4 countries have 44% of PLK•   75% rural, 25% urban poor depend on l...
• Poultry in South and East Asia• > poultry in South America• > bovines in South and East Asia• > poultry in sub Saharan A...
• West USA & west Europe hotspots• Last decade: S America & SE Asia
Top Zoonoses (multiple burdens)                           Deaths - annual• Assessed 56 zoonoses from 6 listings:140000  re...
Official reporting systemsReporting Zoonoses ScopesystemWAHID      33      AnimalTAD Info   2       AnimalPro Med    All  ...
Systematic literature review• Identify databases – PubMed, AJOL, CABDirect,  Google• Develop criteria, search algorithms• ...
Greatest burden of endemic zoonoses falls on one            billion poor livestock keepers• Unlucky 13 zoonoses sicken 2.4...
Impacts of zoonoses                         currently or in the last year• 12% of animals have brucellosis, reducing produ...
Hotspots•   PLK: S. Asia 600 m, SSA 300 m•   LS intensification: India, Myan., Bang., Pak.,•   ZEID: W Europe, W USA•   Zo...
Conclusions• Here and now burden of NZDs is much higher  than EIDs• ……..but EIDs in a pathogenic milieu can be  civilisati...
Research team• Delia Grace, ILRI• Russ Kruska, Consultant• Kate Jones, Institute of Zoology• Liam Brierley, Institute of Z...
Agriculture for improved nutrition and health                  www.ilri.org
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Mapping the interface of poverty, emerging markets and zoonoses

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Presentation by Delia Grace at the Ecohealth 2012 conference held at Kunming, China on 15-18 October 2012.

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Mapping the interface of poverty, emerging markets and zoonoses

  1. 1. Mapping the interface of poverty, emerging markets and zoonosesEcoHealth Conference, Kunming China 2012 Delia Grace International Livestock Research Institute
  2. 2. International Livestock Research Institute•a member of the CGIAR Consortium, ILRI conducts livestock, food andenvironmental research  to help alleviate poverty  and improve food security, health & nutrition,  while protecting the natural resource base. India Mali 700 full time staff-1000 total 100 scientists & researchers 54% from 22 developing countries China more than 30 scientific Vietnam disciplines 2012 budget USD 60 million Laos ILRI works with a range of Nigeria research & development partners Mozambique across 7 CGIAR research Kenya programs Ethiopia Thailand
  3. 3. Mapping poverty and zoonoses hotspots• To present data and expert knowledge on poverty and zoonoses hotspots …….to prioritise study areas in emerging livestock systems in the developing world, ……where prevention of zoonotic disease might bring greatest benefit to poor people. Commissioned by DFID
  4. 4. Methods• Update global maps of poor livestock keeper• Map rapidly emerging livestock systems• Update map of emerging infectious diseases (Jones et al., Nature)• Develop first global maps of priority zoonoses – Criteria based identification of most important zoonoses – Review official zoonoses reporting systems – Systematic literature review of prevalence and burden in Africa and Asia
  5. 5. • One billion PLK depend on 19 billion livestock• 4 countries have 44% of PLK• 75% rural, 25% urban poor depend on livestock• Typically 2-33% income• Typically 6-36% protein
  6. 6. • Poultry in South and East Asia• > poultry in South America• > bovines in South and East Asia• > poultry in sub Saharan Africa• = pigs in sub Saharan Africa
  7. 7. • West USA & west Europe hotspots• Last decade: S America & SE Asia
  8. 8. Top Zoonoses (multiple burdens) Deaths - annual• Assessed 56 zoonoses from 6 listings:140000 responsible 2.7 billion cases, 2.5 million deaths120000• “Unlucky 13” responsible for 2.2 billion100000 illnesses and 2.4 million deaths80000 – All 13 have a wildlife interface60000 – 9 have a major impact on livestock4000020000 – All 13 amenable to on-farm intervention 0
  9. 9. Official reporting systemsReporting Zoonoses ScopesystemWAHID 33 AnimalTAD Info 2 AnimalPro Med All AllGLEWS 19 AllHealth All AllMap Africa • 253 million SLU • 25 million losses annually • Around ½ from notifiable disease • 80,000 reported == 99.8% un-reported
  10. 10. Systematic literature review• Identify databases – PubMed, AJOL, CABDirect, Google• Develop criteria, search algorithms• Screen abstracts, retrieve papers, extract information• Map data• Embedded case-study to compare yield of databases with grey literature & library search
  11. 11. Greatest burden of endemic zoonoses falls on one billion poor livestock keepers• Unlucky 13 zoonoses sicken 2.4 billion people, kill 2.2 people and affect more than 1 in 7 livestock each year
  12. 12. Impacts of zoonoses currently or in the last year• 12% of animals have brucellosis, reducing production by 8%• 10% of livestock in Africa have HAT, reducing their production by 15%• 7% of livestock have TB, reducing their production by 6% and from 3-10% of human TB cases may be caused by zoonotic TB• 17% of smallholder pigs have cysticercosis, reducing their value and creating the enormous burden of human cysticercosis• 27% of livestock have bacterial food-borne disease, a major source of food contamination and illness in people• 26% of livestock have leptospirosis reducing production and acting as a reservoir for infection• 25% of livestock have Q fever, and are a major source of infection of farmers and consumers
  13. 13. Hotspots• PLK: S. Asia 600 m, SSA 300 m• LS intensification: India, Myan., Bang., Pak.,• ZEID: W Europe, W USA• Zoonoses: S. Asia > EC Africa• BIG SIX – S Asia: India, Bangladesh, Pakistan – Africa: Ethiopia, Nigeria, Congo
  14. 14. Conclusions• Here and now burden of NZDs is much higher than EIDs• ……..but EIDs in a pathogenic milieu can be civilisation altering• There are opportunities for better linking research & management of EIDs and NZDs• The high production burden of NZDs can be a lever for changing practice
  15. 15. Research team• Delia Grace, ILRI• Russ Kruska, Consultant• Kate Jones, Institute of Zoology• Liam Brierley, Institute of Zoology• Florence Mutua, ILRI Acknowledgements• Pamela Ochungo, ILRI• Lucy Lapar, ILRI• Mohamed Said, ILRI Funding: DFID, UK• Mario Herrero, ILRI• Pham Duc Phuc, Hanoi School of Public Health, Vietnam• Nguyen Bich Thao, Hanoi School of Public Health, Vietnam• Isaiah Akuku, ILRI intern• Fred Ogutu, ILRI intern
  16. 16. Agriculture for improved nutrition and health www.ilri.org

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