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The Road to World War II


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Isolationism versus Interventionism
"America First"

Published in: Education
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The Road to World War II

  1. 1. The Road from the Great War To the Good War
  2. 2. “Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars.” October 30, 1940
  3. 3. The Mythology of Isolationism 1918 - 1941
  4. 4. Economic Objectives > FP
  5. 5. stability
  6. 6. Dawes Plan 1924
  7. 7. 5000 7000 1918-1920
  8. 8. 4x 2x 6x 4x 2x 7x 1x 1900-1933
  9. 9. ½ finances = US Control 1924
  10. 10. ½ US steel & cotton exports 1935
  11. 11. “Good Neighbor Policy” 1933-34
  12. 12. Isolationism vs Interventionism
  13. 13. Nye Committee 1934
  14. 14. Nye Committee 1934 War profiteers = “Merchants of Death”
  15. 15. Neutrality Acts 1935, 1936, 1937
  16. 16. Neutrality Acts ARMS, LOANS, PASSENGERS
  17. 17. America First Committee (AFC)
  18. 18. “It’s time to shake the rust off America’s foreign policy… America first will be the major and overriding theme of my administration. “Ending the theft of American jobs will give us resources we need to rebuild our military, which has to happen, and regain our financial independence and strength…. “Our military dominance must be unquestioned, and I mean unquestioned, by anybody and everybody. “I’m the only one — believe me, I know them all, I’m the only one who knows how to fix it.
  19. 19. 1) The United States must build an invulnerable national defense. 2) No foreign power, nor group of powers, can successfully attack an America that is prepared. 3) American democracy can be preserved only by keeping out of the war in Europe. 4) “Aid short of war” weakens national defense at home and threatens to involve America in war abroad.
  20. 20. “We must limit to a reasonable amount the Jewish influence… Whenever the Jewish percentage of total population becomes too high, a reaction seems to invariably occur. It is too bad because a few Jews of the right type are, I believe, an asset to any country.”
  21. 21. Limiting Jewish Immigration
  22. 22. ASS Breckenridge Long
  23. 23. Deceit and Indifference
  24. 24. The Road to American Involvement
  25. 25. FDR’s role
  26. 26. Chicago: October 5, 1937
  27. 27. It is true that the moral consciousness of the world must recognize the importance of removing injustices and well-founded grievances; but at the same time it must be aroused to the cardinal necessity of honoring sanctity of treaties, of respecting the rights and liberties of others and of putting an end to acts of international aggression.
  28. 28. It seems to be unfortunately true that the epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading.
  29. 29. It is my determination to pursue a policy of peace. It is my determination to adopt every practicable measure to avoid involvement in war. When an epidemic of physical disease starts to spread, the community approves and joins in a quarantine of the patients in order to protect the health of the community against the spread of the disease.
  30. 30. Munich Conference, 1938
  31. 31. “appeasement”
  32. 32. October, 1938
  33. 33. “War of the Worlds”
  34. 34. September, 1940
  35. 35. 1917
  36. 36. 500,000 rifles
  37. 37. 80,000 machine guns
  38. 38. 900 field guns
  39. 39. 130,000,000 ammo rounds
  40. 40. Lend-Lease Act January, 1941
  41. 41. “Suppose my neighbor’s home catches fire, and I have a length of garden hose four or five hundred feet away. If he can take my garden hose and connect it up with his hydrant, I may help him to put out his fire...I don’t say to him before that operation, ‘Neighbor, my garden hose cost me $15; you have to pay me $15 for it’.... I don’t want $15 — I want my garden hose back after the fire is over.”
  42. 42. “Once it had been used, you didn’t want it back.”
  43. 43. U.S.S. Greer
  44. 44. September, 1941
  45. 45. September, 1941
  46. 46. December 7, 1941