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Slavery, The Peculiar Institution

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Focuses on African "origins", the Atlantic slave trade, Southern entrenchment, treatment, and responses to slavery.

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Slavery, The Peculiar Institution

  1. 1. “A More Perfect Union” Senator Barack Obama’s speech in Philadelphia on March 18, 2008.
  2. 2. “The government gives them the drugs, builds bigger prisons, passes a three-strike law and then wants us to sing‘God Bless America’. No, no, no, God damn America, that’s in the Bible for killing innocent people….God damn America for treating our citizens as less than human. God damn America for as long as she acts like she is God and she is supreme.” — 2003 sermon
  3. 3. “The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations….
  4. 4. “The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations….
  5. 5. Article 1. Section 2. Paragraph 3: “Representatives and directTaxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union,according to their respective Numbers,which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons …and…three fifths of all other Persons.”
  6. 6. AsWilliam Faulkner once wrote,‘The past isn’t dead and buried. In fact, it isn’t even past.’ We do not need to recite here the history of racial injustice in this country. But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist in the African- American community today can be directly traced to inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow.”
  7. 7. The Peculiar Institution
  8. 8. Slavery
  9. 9. 1.African Origins? 2.Atlantic SlaveTrade 3.Colonial Slavery 4.TheWorld of the Enslaved 5.Northern African Americans 6.Conclusion
  10. 10. African Origins?
  11. 11. kingdoms
  12. 12. absolute monarchies
  13. 13. large landowners
  14. 14. small landowners
  15. 15. slaves
  16. 16. protected
  17. 17. property
  18. 18. hereditary
  19. 19. POWs
  20. 20. Atlantic Slave Trade
  21. 21. 400,000
  22. 22. 4,000,000
  23. 23. “Middle Passage”
  24. 24. 10-15%
  25. 25. 1807 (GB), 1808 (US)
  26. 26. Colonial Slavery MISCEGENATION: mid 19th century, formed irregularly from Latin miscere‘to mix’ + genus‘race’ + English -ation.
  27. 27. entrenchment
  28. 28. GB: 80%
  29. 29. NE: 284 million lbs
  30. 30. cotton‘gin
  31. 31. $350…$1500
  32. 32. $350…$1500
  33. 33. 1860
  34. 34. “average” slave The World of the Enslaved
  35. 35. hierarchy
  36. 36. 1) house
  37. 37. 1) house 2) hotel/artisan
  38. 38. 2) hotel/artisan 1) house 3) field hand
  39. 39. ????
  40. 40. Theory #1 Computer-assisted model
  41. 41. <LIFE SPANS>
  42. 42. SouthernWhites
  43. 43. NorthernWhiteWC
  44. 44. EnslavedAfrican-Americans
  45. 45. SouthernWhites? Northern whiteWC? EnslavedAf-Ams?
  46. 46. SouthernWhites Northern whiteWC EnslavedAf-Ams
  47. 47. ????Computer-assisted model
  48. 48. Theory #2 Psychological model
  49. 49. Stanley Elkins Slavery : A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life (1959)
  50. 50. ????Psychological model
  51. 51. Northern African Americans
  52. 52. 5/15 1860
  53. 53. segregation
  54. 54. discrimination
  55. 55. “last hired, first fired”
  56. 56. William Lloyd Garrison
  57. 57. “I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation…. I am in earnest – I will not equivocate – I will not excuse – I will not retreat a single inch – AND IWILL BE HEARD.”
  58. 58. “A covenant with death & an agreement with hell.”
  59. 59. Article 1. Section 2. Paragraph 3: “Representatives and directTaxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union,according to their respective Numbers,which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons …and…three fifths of all other Persons.”
  60. 60. Frederick Douglass
  61. 61. “written by himself” Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
  62. 62. <10% (of Northerners)
  63. 63. riots
  64. 64. riots
  65. 65. Conclusion How to end the Peculiar Institution?
  66. 66. “[A]lmost exclusively slave labor except as to the Boss men…enables me of course to compete with other manufacturers.” Joseph R. Anderson, 1847 Tredegar Iron Works Joseph R. Anderson, 1847 Tredegar Iron Works BACKSTORY

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