Forensic week 1


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Forensic week 1

  1. 1. FORENSICANTHROPOLOGYSPRING 2011 Prof. Nathan Whitley-Grassi
  2. 2. What do Forensic Anthropologistsdo? Use anthropological knowledge to assist the process of law. This often involves assisting law enforcement in identifying skeletal remains. Identify specific characteristics that can be used to identify human remains.  Age and stature  Time since death  Gender  Evidence of Trauma or Pathology  Distinguishing traits
  3. 3. How does Forensic AnthropologyWork? Osteology  Bones Odontology  Teeth Morphometrics  Measurements
  4. 4. Forensic Anthropology in theMedia
  5. 5. Forensic Anthropology in theMediaAnthropologists do not Anthropologists do usually dousually do the following: the following Run DNA tests  Assist with collection of human remains Analyze blood  Cleans bones spatter  Analyzes skeletal Conduct autopsies material Analyze ballistics  Examines trauma and Collect trace pathology to bone evidence  Testifies in court
  6. 6. Tools of the ForensicAnthropologist
  7. 7. Tools of the ForensicAnthropologist  Palpate  Toexamine or explore by touching (an organ or area of the body), usually as a diagnostic aid
  8. 8. Introduction: The problem of the unidentified Violence and Forensic Anthropology Identification
  9. 9. Education Requirements: Requires a post graduate degree in physical, biological or forensic anthropology. Many have additional training in human biology, anatomy, medicine, nursing or dentistry. On the Job training! Constant personal research Preferred: PhD.
  10. 10. Objectives of anAnthropological Investigation: Identification Determination or cause and manner of death Estimation of time since death Collection of physical evidence Anthropologist – Physical/Biological  Focus on skeletonized remains Anthropologist – Archeologist  Recovery of evidence
  11. 11. Forensic AnthropologyCHE 113 12 Goal: Biological Profile Includes: 1. General Description 2. Sex of decedent 3. Age of decedent 4. Ancestry of decedent 5. Stature of decedent 6. Assessment of trauma (ante-, peri-, post mortem) 7. Pathologies noted
  12. 12. Osteology: study of skeletal remainsach bone studied INDIVIDUALLYCHE 113 13 E 206 Skeletal Bones (total)
  13. 13. Personal Identification: Are they Human? One or more than one individual? Description? (sex, age, stature, race, handedness) Unique traits? (abnormaity, prostheses, remodeling) Who is it? Or at least Who ISN’T it?
  14. 14. Circumstances of Death: When did it occur? Where did it occur? (Here or moved) Was the grave disturbed?  Buried more than once? Cause of death?  (gun shot, stabbing, asphyxia) Manner of death?  (Suicide, homicide, accident, natural)
  15. 15. Cause v. Manner of Death:Cause of Death Manner of Death Medical  Legal determination determination  Based on:  Evidence and Simple description Opinion!!!! of cause 1. Natural Could include 2. Accidental underlying causes 3. Suicidal 4. Homicide 5. Undetermined
  16. 16. Stages of an Investigation: Collection of verbal evidence Collection of physical evidence Analysis of evidence In the US Anthropologists are typically confined to the last two. In some other countries they may engage in all aspects of the investigation.
  17. 17. Ethical issues in ForensicAnthropologyYour Promise to me!
  18. 18. Questions?Next Week:Osteiology and Intro to ForensicsChapters 2 in Burns