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PowerPoint on Narrative


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I created this PowerPoint based upon an article by Steven Figg, 'Understanding Narrative Writing: Practical Strategies to Support Teachers'. I have used it with a group of Year 7 students to help them revise Narrative for their Naplan testing.

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PowerPoint on Narrative

  1. 1. Narrative writing Let’s revise and practice Reference: Figg. S, (2002) ‘Understanding Narrative Writing: Practical Strategies to Support Teachers’, Hartz Literacy Workshop in 2002.
  2. 2. Let’s uncover the secrets of writing great narrative.
  3. 3. What makes a good story? <ul><li>The common features of a good story </li></ul><ul><li>are: </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Complication, and </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>This is called Narrative Structure </li></ul>
  4. 4. Narrative Structure <ul><li>Orientation/Beginning: </li></ul><ul><li>This sets the scene, creating a visual picture of the setting, atmosphere and time of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Characters are introduced and clues are set in place for the coming complication. </li></ul>Who are all these people ?
  5. 5. Narrative Structure <ul><li>Complication/Problem: </li></ul><ul><li>This is where a problem or complication occurs that affects the setting, time or characters. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Narrative Structure <ul><li>Minor Resolution: </li></ul><ul><li>This is where the problem seems to be resolved. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Narrative Structure <ul><li>Complication/New Problem </li></ul><ul><li>The problem or complication is </li></ul><ul><li>now even worse than before. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Narrative Structure <ul><li>Resolution/ Problem is solved: </li></ul><ul><li>This is where the problem is really solved </li></ul><ul><li>and the story ends. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Narrative Structure Evaluative Ending/ Moral: Often there may be a moral or a message at the end of the story. For example, in the book ‘Naughty stories for nice girls and boys’, most of the stories have a moral to them.
  10. 10. ACTIVITY – Little Red Riding Hood <ul><li>Handout - Think, Pair, Share </li></ul><ul><li>Think about the story of ‘Little Red Riding Hood’. </li></ul><ul><li>Working in pairs, match parts of the story with the narrative structure, (i.e. orientation, complication, minor resolution, new complication, resolution and moral) we have just revised. </li></ul><ul><li>Share aloud with the class </li></ul>
  11. 11. Little Red Riding Hood <ul><li>Little Red Riding Hood sets out for Grand mother’s house – Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Little Red Riding Hood meets the wolf – Complication </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf leaves Little Red Riding hood and races to Grandmother’s house – Minor Resolution (Wolf left Red Riding Hood alone) </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf eats Grandmother – New Complication/Problem </li></ul><ul><li>The wolf tricks Little Red Riding Hood – New Complication/Problem </li></ul><ul><li>The woodcutter saves Little Red Riding Hood – Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Children should not talk to strangers – Moral of the story </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Writing Process (RID) <ul><li>R Replace words, phrases and sentences with more effective </li></ul><ul><li>ones . </li></ul><ul><li>I Insert extra words, phrases </li></ul><ul><li>and sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>D Delete ineffective words, </li></ul><ul><li>phrases and sentences. </li></ul>Edit your work
  13. 13. Points of View <ul><li>Writing from different points of view can add </li></ul><ul><li>interest and detail to a story. </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul>
  14. 14. First Person <ul><li>Character speaks directly to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps author to reveal thoughts and feelings in an intimate way. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage - reader only knows about the events of the story from only one point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Humpty Dumpty: </li></ul><ul><li>I am sitting on top of the cold sandstone wall, gazing at the </li></ul><ul><li>horizon. I am worried I might fall off and hurt myself. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Second Person <ul><li>Not used often for narrative writing </li></ul><ul><li>Widely used by non-fiction writers </li></ul><ul><li>Written in an easy style as if talking directly to the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Humpty Dumpty: </li></ul><ul><li>You should see him sitting there on that wall. You wonder </li></ul><ul><li>what he’s thinking about. You imagine that he may fall. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Third Person <ul><li>The writer knows everything there is to know about the characters. </li></ul><ul><li>The writer can see inside their minds. </li></ul><ul><li>The writer knows what they are thinking and feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Humpty Dumpty: </li></ul><ul><li>Humpty Dumpty is sitting calmly on top of the sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>wall, gazing at the horizon. He wonders whether he might </li></ul><ul><li>fall off and hurt himself. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Narrative Features <ul><li>Effective narrative writing has a range of </li></ul><ul><li>language features. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of dialogue to elicit an emotional response from the reader </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive language , including the use of devices such as simile, metaphor and imagery. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Narrative Features <ul><li>3. Effective characterisation to elicit an </li></ul><ul><li>emotional response from the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Past or present tense – being consistent </li></ul><ul><li>throughout. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Use of a variety of simple, compound and </li></ul><ul><li>complex sentences </li></ul>
  19. 19. Working in groups, create a graphic organiser to display the important aspects of Narrative. <ul><li>Include these headings: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narrative Structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narrative Features </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RID </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Graphic Organiser ‘ Writing Great Narrative ’ Narrative Narrative Structure Narrative Features Orientation Use of Dialogue Complication Minor Resolution New Complication Resolution Descriptive language Effective Characterisation Past or present Tense Variety of Sentences R I D Replace Insert Delete