Introduce workshop as well as yourself. Give background in online teaching. 8 years online and/or hybrid Certified by MVU as a Master Online Instructor Trainer in 2001 Developed alternative materials and Online Instructor Course, taught to over 100 faculty. MS In Curriculum and Instruction from OSU, Stillwater – Doctoral Student at OSU-Tulsa (College Teaching 5 years as a secondary science teacher
Learning that happens wherever the learner happens to be utilizing handheld technology. It is not based on place.
Devices today broaden the meaning of communication. It’s moved beyond synchronous voice to mass communication through connecting with many people via social networking and mass texting According to Chickering and Gamson a good practice in undergraduate education is to encourage contact between students and faculty. Web based services and their use of mobile phone technologies enable students and faculty to have levels of communication and contact previously unimagined.
Learners can access data from the internet anywhere there is a signal immediately satisfying a need for access to facts. We can move beyond that to provide ubiquitous access to lessons.
Classroom response systems, ubiquitous instruction, streaming mobile video, also please refer to Mobile Tools for Teaching and Learning located at technology4teachers.com
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Cheating: Generally speaking, teaching models still revolve around information and students understand that in this environment, they need to show that they know the necessary information in order to get a good grade. It’s time to modernize teaching and learning models where the emphasis is on skill development and where information is a resource to skills attainment. Reliance on internet: up to date information is now at everyone’s fingertips. We’re moving beyond a paradigm where it’s important to recall facts to one where it’s more important to know how to find information and judge it’s value and relevance. Too distracting: If a student is in a classroom and is not engaged with the lesson, they will find other things to do to engage themselves. This is not a new phenomena. How many of you use your mobile devices in meetings, conferences, workshops or while watching TV?
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Examination Of Mobile Learning
An Examination of Mobile Learning Jym Brittain, Director of the Center for Teaching and Learning - NSU
Please take out your mobile device for use in this presentation
277 million wireless subscribers in US (Jun 09) 1 89% of total U.S. population 1 96% of NSU students use mobile phones (2008) 56% of all Americans have accessed the internet by wireless means 2 75% of NSU survey respondents use text messages 135.2 billion text-messages sent per month 1 Cell Phone Use (Statistics) 1 http://www.ctia.org/advocacy/research/index.cfm/AID/10323 2 http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/12-Wireless-Internet-Use.aspx
Mobile Learning Defined Any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed, predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takes advantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies. "Guidelines for learning/teaching/tutoring in a mobile environment". MOBIlearn . October 2003. pp. 6. http://www.mobilearn.org/download/results/guidelines.pdf . Retrieved June 8, 2009.
Academic Definition mobile learning—or m-learning—can be viewed as any form of learning that happens when mediated through a mobile device, and a form of learning that has established the legitimacy of ‘nomadic’ learners (Alexander, 2004). Alexander, B. (2004). Going nomadic: Mobile learning in higher education. EDUCAUSE Review, 39(5), 29.
Mobile Learning is about Communicating http://www.sparkmuseum.com/images/Telephone/1921%20Auto-%20Elec%20Strt-Shaft%20Dial%20Candle.JPG
mLearning is anytime and anywhere http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/files/2008/11/time-flies-clock-10-11-2006.gif
Cell Phone Use (Applications*) <ul><li>Campus Security Alert system </li></ul><ul><li>Communication among students (Instant messaging) </li></ul>* Specifically regarding text-messaging on campus
Cell Phone Use (Applications + ) <ul><li>Faculty bulletins or class reminders </li></ul><ul><li>Text-Messaging based surveys & Polls </li></ul><ul><li>Building community outside classroom </li></ul>+ Examples of applications in the classrooms
Bulletins and Class Reminders <ul><li>Textmarks.com – it’s FREE! </li></ul><ul><li>Students subscribe to class text feed by typing KEYWORD to 41411 </li></ul><ul><li>Students get class updates via text on phone every time teacher creates new alerts </li></ul><ul><li>No need to know student cell phone numbers </li></ul>** ‘CLASS’ is just an example word, teachers can choose any word for their class when setting up account
TM-based Surveys & Polls <ul><li>PollEverywhere.com * </li></ul><ul><li>Create live polls </li></ul><ul><li>Survey students </li></ul><ul><li>Gain instant feedback from class </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to using clickers in classroom </li></ul><ul><li>No need to know student cell phone numbers </li></ul>* Free and paid subscriptions available – see website for feature details
Twitter * – What is it? <ul><li>Mini-updates in 140 characters of text (or less) </li></ul><ul><li>Microblog of whatever you want it to be… </li></ul>Answers the question: What are you doing?” * http://www.twitter.com
Twitter – Teaching & Learning <ul><li>Create bulletins or class reminders </li></ul><ul><li>Build student connection beyond classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Students become part of a global community </li></ul><ul><li>No need to know student cell phone numbers* </li></ul>* Students must update Twitter setting to link incoming messages to phone.
Mobile streaming video <ul><li>qik.com – it’s FREE! </li></ul><ul><li>Share live video from your phone! </li></ul><ul><li>Qik enables you to share your moments live with your friends, family and the world—right from your mobile phone! </li></ul>
Challenges to mLearning <ul><li>Makes cheating easier </li></ul><ul><li>Too much reliance on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Too distracting </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul><ul><li>http://themobilelearner.wordpress.com/ </li></ul>
References http://www.problogger.net/archives/2007/10/23/why-twitter-isnt-a-waste-of-time/ http://crowdstatus.com http://tweetlater.com http://Tweetstats.com http://Tweetscan.com or http://metweets.com Check out the wiki for ‘all-things’ Twitter http://twitter.pbwiki.com http://academhack.outsidethetext.com/home/2008/twitter-for-academia/
Bibliography <ul><li>Alexander, B. (2004). Going nomadic: Mobile learning in higher education. EDUCAUSE Review, 39(5), 29. </li></ul><ul><li>CTIA. (2009). Wireless quick facts. Retrieved from: http://www.ctia.org/advocacy/research/index.cfm/AID/10323 </li></ul><ul><li>Herrington, J., Herrington, A., Mantei, J., Olney, I., & Ferry, B. (Eds.) (2009). New technologies, new pedagogies: Mobile learning in higher education. Wollongong: University of Wollongong. Retrieved from: http://ro.uow.edu.au/ . </li></ul><ul><li>O’Malley, C., Vavoula,G., Glew, J.P., Taylor, J., Sharples, M., & Lefrere, P. (2003 ). Wp 4 – Guidelines for Learning/teaching/tutoring in a mobile environment . MOBIlearn. Retrieved from http://www.mobilearn.org/download/results/guidelines.pdf . </li></ul><ul><li>Traxler, J. (2007). Current State of Mobile Learning. International Review on Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL) 8, no. 2. Available: www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/346/875 . </li></ul><ul><li>Horrigan, J. (2009). Wireless internet Use. Pew Internet & American Life Project Retrieved from: http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/12-Wireless-Internet-Use.aspx </li></ul>
Questions? Jym Brittain Center for Teaching and Learning Northeastern State University 918-444-5859 [email_address] Presentation available at: http://ctl.nsuok.edu/drupal