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MULTILINGUALISM 
By- 
Rishabh Kumar – 2012CSB1029 
Mohit Jasapara – 2012EEB1059
Apprendre une autre langue, c'est comme le commencement d'une autre vie. 
- Michel Bouthot
• Multilingualism is the act of using polyglotism, 
or using multiple languages. 
• It can be either used by an individual...
SUBJECT OF DEBATE 
MAXIMAL DEFINITION 
• Complete competence and 
mastery like a native 
MINIMAL DEFINITION 
• Knowledge o...
ADDITIVE 
• Learning of second language 
does not interfere with first 
language. 
• English speakers in QUEBEC 
often lea...
WAYS OF ACQUISITION 
SUCCESSIVE SEQUENTIAL RECEPTIVE
Successive Bilingualism 
• Learning one language after already knowing another. 
• Eg. Those who become bilingual as adult...
Personal 
Growth 
Need Of 
Multilingualism 
Today 
Tolerance & 
respect 
towards other 
cultures 
Job Mobility 
Abroad Stu...
Multilingualism
Multilingualism
Multilingualism
Multilingualism
Multilingualism
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Multilingualism

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A short presentation on the topic Multilingualism i.e. speaking more than one languages

Published in: Education
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Multilingualism

  1. 1. MULTILINGUALISM By- Rishabh Kumar – 2012CSB1029 Mohit Jasapara – 2012EEB1059
  2. 2. Apprendre une autre langue, c'est comme le commencement d'une autre vie. - Michel Bouthot
  3. 3. • Multilingualism is the act of using polyglotism, or using multiple languages. • It can be either used by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.
  4. 4. SUBJECT OF DEBATE MAXIMAL DEFINITION • Complete competence and mastery like a native MINIMAL DEFINITION • Knowledge of basic grammar and basic communicative skills Teaching institutions do not know how much knowledge to impart. Hence most speakers do not achieve maximally ideal level. Vivian Cook has argued that most multilingual speakers fall somewhere between minimal and maximal definitions. Cook calls these people multi-competent.
  5. 5. ADDITIVE • Learning of second language does not interfere with first language. • English speakers in QUEBEC often learn French to upgrade business skills. SUBSTRACTIVE • Learning of second language does interfere (replaces) with first language. • Successive US immigrant generations eventually become monolingual English speakers.
  6. 6. WAYS OF ACQUISITION SUCCESSIVE SEQUENTIAL RECEPTIVE
  7. 7. Successive Bilingualism • Learning one language after already knowing another. • Eg. Those who become bilingual as adults or in early life. Simultaneous Bilingualism • Learning two languages as “first languages”. • Speaking no languages at all to speaking two languages directly. • Eg. Infants exposed to two languages from birth. Receptive Bilingualism • Having the ability to understand a second language but not speaking it or not being able to speak it due to psychological barriers. • Eg. Children in Mexican immigrant households hear English on TV, in stores etc., but use their home language (Spanish) in everyday communication. When they enter preschool or kindergarten, these children are likely to make rapid progress in English because their receptive language skills in English has been developed.
  8. 8. Personal Growth Need Of Multilingualism Today Tolerance & respect towards other cultures Job Mobility Abroad Study Increases vocabulary & effectiveness of speech Broadens employment opportunities

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