Day 4 legal matters

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Day 4 legal matters

  1. 1. Day 4 Legal matters 1. The Grand Canyon is in the State of Arizona, however the Federal Government has control over it. Why should the Federal Government in Washington have control? 2. What do you think the state government in Phoenix should be able to make laws about in Arizona?
  2. 2. Daniel Shays • 1741-1825 • Revolutionary War veteran • Massachusetts farmer • In debt • Leads rebellion • 800 broke farmers on Springfield, Mass.
  3. 3. Articles of Confederation • 1781-1787 • 1st constitution of US • Had a congress • Free movement b/w states • No president • No way to raise money • Wanted “limited government”
  4. 4. Write a new constitution • Use the idea of “limited government” • BE SPECIFIC 3. 5 things the federal government can do 4. 5 things the federal government can’t do War education taxation voting Food stamps immigration religion Political speech Gun control Police force Fire fighting Trade with other countries Standing army drugs Victims rights criminal rights National parks Quartering troops Adding, subtracting states Disease control marriage Business rules Property rights
  5. 5. New Constitution 1787 • Stronger Fed Govt • Powers to tax, declare war, regulate interstate $$$ • Executive: President: 4 years • Legislative: – Representatives: 2 years (based on pop) – Senate: 6 years, each state gets 2 • Judicial: Courts – Supreme Court • CAN BE CHANGED “AMENDED” • Does not mention slavery • “Other persons” = 3/5
  6. 6. 5. What do these symbols represent? 6 Try name as many as you can, what do they believe in?
  7. 7. 1st President • George Washington • 1789-1797 • Independent of parties • 2 terms • Dies in 1799 – Releases his slaves * 1790, Washington, DC
  8. 8. Agree right The voting age should be lowered to 16 for students with a 3.0+ GPA Disagree left “It Depends”… middle of room
  9. 9. Agree right Illiterate people should not be allowed to vote Disagree left “It Depends”… middle of room
  10. 10. Agree right States should not be allowed to leave the United States Disagree left “It Depends”… middle of room
  11. 11. Agree right Government should be allowed to tax you as much as it needs Disagree back of room “It Depends”… middle of room
  12. 12. Agree right Drugs and alcohol should be restricted in the US Disagree back of room “It Depends”… middle of room
  13. 13. Political Parties today • Democratic • Republican • Others: Libertarians, Green, Reform
  14. 14. Federalists Democratic-Republicans Strong Federal Government Common people are stupid Lots of rules and taxes Alexander Hamilton John Adams Strong State Governments Common people should rule Few rules, low taxes Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr 1804 Burr shoots Hamilton
  15. 15. George Washington’s Farewell Speech, 1797 " Political parties serve to organize faction, to give separation an artificial and extraordinary force; to put, in the place of the delegated will of the nation, the will of a party, often a small but artful and enterprising minority of the community; and, according to the alternate triumphs of different parties, to make the public administration the mirror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects of faction, rather than the organ of consistent and wholesome plans digested by common counsels, and modified by mutual interests. "However combinations or associations of the above description may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely, in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people, and to usurp for themselves the reins of government; destroying afterwards the very engines, which have lifted them to unjust dominion."
  16. 16. 7. Draw a small picture to represent each old party 8. Which party, Federalists or Democratic-Republicans did you agree with more and why? 9. Do you agree with Washington’s idea that political parties are bad because people care more about their party than their country?
  17. 17. As a group Page 229 • #2 & #3
  18. 18. Legal Matters Assignment #2 As a group: use the US constitution on page 170 1. Rank the amendments that make up the Bill of Rights, most important #1, explain choices 1-3 & 10 (Page 187) 2. When would you personally need 5 of these rights 3. Article #1, Section 8 of the Constitution has 18 parts, if you could change 3 which would they be and why? 4. Define the XYZ Affair (214) and did Congress’s reaction violate the constitution, support with 2 clauses 5. Define the Alien and Sedition acts and did they violate the constitution, support with 2 clauses 6. Define the First National bank (206) and did it violate the constitution, support with 2 clauses 7. Define the Indian Removal Act (247) and did it violate the constitution, support with 2 clauses 8. Define the Louisiana Purchase Act (218) and did it violate the constitution, support with 2 clauses 9. Why was the Supreme Court case: Marbury vs. Madison important? (221) 10.Why would the State of Arizona lose if it tried to take over the Grand Canyon?
  19. 19. Create an amendment to the constitution today • Short, somehow limiting governmental power • We will vote for “best” one • From states, +5 points for winning “state”
  20. 20. • 1st amendment handout
  21. 21. Judicial Review on 2 laws “Is it constitutional” Indian Removal Act – Constitutional yes/no pages 246-248 1832 – Tariff of abominations yes/no Pages 249-250
  22. 22. Assignment #3 3 of most polarizing issues in the US today are race $$, and immigration (abortion being the other) Pick one of these issues 1750-1900, find a Supreme Court case or law from the text book, cite the part of the Constitution or Bill of Rights connected to it & a historical incident or reason for the law

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