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The South The Planter Aristocracy and the Peculiar Institution
Geographic Regions of the South
Agricultural Limitations <ul><li>Tobacco depletion in the Upper South </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic ranges of traditional c...
King Cotton <ul><li>Short-staple cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of industrial consumption </li></ul>
The Cotton Belt <ul><li>Indian Lands and the Growth of the Deep South </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic trends </li></ul><ul><...
Southern Infrastructure <ul><li>Tredegar Iron Works </li></ul><ul><li>Southern cities </li></ul><ul><li>“ colonial depende...
Moonlight and Magnolias <ul><li>“ Cavalier” values </li></ul><ul><li>The Planter Aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Southern ca...
The Southern Lady <ul><li>Codes of gentility </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Economic opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern...
Plain Folk <ul><li>Yeomanry: the Southern dream </li></ul><ul><li>Hillbillies: self-sufficiency and hard times </li></ul><...
Community and Family Life <ul><li>Patriarchal Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Evangelical Protestantism </li></ul><ul><li>Lim...
Legal Provisions of Slavery <ul><li>Importation ban </li></ul><ul><li>The Slave Codes </li></ul><ul><li>One Drop Rule </li...
Varieties of Slave Labor <ul><li>Discipline and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Task system vs. Gang System </li></ul><ul><li...
Social Life under Slavery <ul><li>Health, diet, and welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience of slave family life </li></ul><u...
Slave Resistance <ul><li>Denmark Vesey </li></ul><ul><li>Nat Turner </li></ul><ul><li>Escape </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect re...
The Black Church <ul><li>Slave religion </li></ul><ul><li>The African Methodist Episcopal Church </li></ul><ul><li>Religio...
Desperate Freedom <ul><li>Connections with slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Social restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Economic opport...
Defenses of Slavery <ul><li>The Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>The Illiberal Argument </li></ul><ul><li>The Comparis...
James Hammond on Slavery (1845): <ul><li>“ But if your course was wholly different—If you distilled nectar from your lips ...
The Value of Racism <ul><li>Cross class “cooperation” </li></ul><ul><li>Moral justification resistant to reason </li></ul>...
Summary <ul><li>The antebellum South followed a separate path of development that was integrated into the emerging system ...
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The South

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The South

  1. 1. The South The Planter Aristocracy and the Peculiar Institution
  2. 2. Geographic Regions of the South
  3. 3. Agricultural Limitations <ul><li>Tobacco depletion in the Upper South </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic ranges of traditional crops </li></ul><ul><li>Sea Island Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>“ The South grows, but does not develop…” </li></ul>
  4. 4. King Cotton <ul><li>Short-staple cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of industrial consumption </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Cotton Belt <ul><li>Indian Lands and the Growth of the Deep South </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic trends </li></ul><ul><li>Expansionism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Southern Infrastructure <ul><li>Tredegar Iron Works </li></ul><ul><li>Southern cities </li></ul><ul><li>“ colonial dependency” </li></ul><ul><li>Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation inadequacies </li></ul><ul><li>DeBow’s Review </li></ul>
  7. 7. Moonlight and Magnolias <ul><li>“ Cavalier” values </li></ul><ul><li>The Planter Aristocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Southern capitalists </li></ul><ul><li>Systems of political control </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Southern Lady <ul><li>Codes of gentility </li></ul><ul><li>Social and Economic opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of family life </li></ul><ul><li>Female sexual possession and racism </li></ul>
  9. 9. Plain Folk <ul><li>Yeomanry: the Southern dream </li></ul><ul><li>Hillbillies: self-sufficiency and hard times </li></ul><ul><li>Crackers: the Southern untouchables </li></ul>
  10. 10. Community and Family Life <ul><li>Patriarchal Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Evangelical Protestantism </li></ul><ul><li>Limited opportunities for consumer culture </li></ul><ul><li>Social violence </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legal Provisions of Slavery <ul><li>Importation ban </li></ul><ul><li>The Slave Codes </li></ul><ul><li>One Drop Rule </li></ul><ul><li>“ Feudal” jurisdiction </li></ul>
  12. 12. Varieties of Slave Labor <ul><li>Discipline and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Task system vs. Gang System </li></ul><ul><li>Field labor and domestic labor </li></ul>
  13. 13. Social Life under Slavery <ul><li>Health, diet, and welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience of slave family life </li></ul><ul><li>Women under slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic culture </li></ul>
  14. 14. Slave Resistance <ul><li>Denmark Vesey </li></ul><ul><li>Nat Turner </li></ul><ul><li>Escape </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect resistance </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Black Church <ul><li>Slave religion </li></ul><ul><li>The African Methodist Episcopal Church </li></ul><ul><li>Religious syncretism </li></ul>
  16. 16. Desperate Freedom <ul><li>Connections with slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Social restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Economic opportunities </li></ul>
  17. 17. Defenses of Slavery <ul><li>The Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>The Illiberal Argument </li></ul><ul><li>The Comparison Argument </li></ul><ul><li>The pragmatic argument </li></ul>
  18. 18. James Hammond on Slavery (1845): <ul><li>“ But if your course was wholly different—If you distilled nectar from your lips and discoursed sweetest music…do you imagine you could prevail on us to give up a thousand million dollars in the value of our slaves, and a thousand millions of dollars more in the depreciation of our lands?” </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Value of Racism <ul><li>Cross class “cooperation” </li></ul><ul><li>Moral justification resistant to reason </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of bi-racial cooperation </li></ul>
  20. 20. Summary <ul><li>The antebellum South followed a separate path of development that was integrated into the emerging system of industrial capitalism primarily as a “colonial” economic region. While central to cotton textile production, the South’s economy was deeply dependent upon outsiders for capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves, the primary form of wealth for the South, became simultaneously more profitable (with the expansion of cotton cultivation) and more insecure (with the clamor of abolitionism and the threat of slave revolt). </li></ul><ul><li>A distinctive “Southern complex” developed combining aggressive defense of the status quo with a fear of inferiority to the developing North. </li></ul>

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