Jackson sectionalis

472 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics, Career
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
472
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
35
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Jackson sectionalis

  1. 1. Jackson---1828-1836
  2. 2. Political aspects of the Jacksonian Era <ul><li>Democracy in the states. </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of property and religious restrictions. </li></ul><ul><li>More elected vice appointed positions. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortened terms of office. </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy in Presidential Elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Nominating conventions vice caucus </li></ul><ul><li>By 1832, electors chosen directly by electorate. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Democratic view of the Presidency. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson’s veto </li></ul><ul><li>Force on SC </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall’s Cherokee decision </li></ul><ul><li>Spoils System </li></ul><ul><li>Prevents a permanent ”aristocracy” </li></ul><ul><li>“ the duties of public office” </li></ul>
  4. 5. Economic aspects of the Jacksonian Era <ul><li>Cheap land. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of the trade unions. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Social aspects of the Jacksonian Era <ul><li>Social reform: </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Abolitionist movement </li></ul><ul><li>No “booze”. </li></ul><ul><li>Care of the insane. </li></ul><ul><li>Free public education. </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Rise of Sectionalism <ul><li>Loyalty of state rather than the entire nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Considered issues from a sectional, vice national point if view. </li></ul>
  7. 8. “ Our Federal Union: it must be preserved.”
  8. 9. “ The Union, next to our liberty, most dear.”
  9. 10. Webster-Hayne Debate <ul><li>Nullification </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable!&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 11. Nullification Crisis <ul><li>Tariff of 1828 (abominations) </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina Exposition. </li></ul><ul><li>State’s rights </li></ul><ul><li>Insurrection? (Force Bill) </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff of 1833 </li></ul>
  11. 12. Economic basis of Sectionalism <ul><li>Industrial Northeast </li></ul><ul><li>Early inventions: Slater, Whitney, Lowell. </li></ul><ul><li>Aided by the War of 1812, waterpower, new immigration, capital, growing US market. </li></ul><ul><li>Made textiles, iron implements, utensils, and machinery. </li></ul><ul><li>Plantation South </li></ul><ul><li>“ King Cotton”…1790-1826 Cotton production increased from 2 million – 330 million/year. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern and English markets. </li></ul><ul><li>Year round… the slave factor. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Small-Farm West </li></ul><ul><li>Raised wheat, rye, corn and meat. </li></ul><ul><li>Land was plentiful and cheap ($1.20/acre) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased demand for foodstuffs. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Sectional issues <ul><li>Protective Tariff </li></ul><ul><li>Second Bank of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Internal improvements at Federal Expense. </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal land policy </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial expansion to the Southwest </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of slavery. </li></ul>

×