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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece

  1. 1. Classical Antiquity: Greece
  2. 2. The Heroic Age <ul><li>Minoan Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Linear A & B </li></ul><ul><li>Mycenae </li></ul><ul><li>The Trojan War </li></ul><ul><li>The Dorian Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>The Dark Ages </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Archaic Age <ul><li>The Phoenicians </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabets vs. syllabaries </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropomorphic Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Hellenism and the Olympiad </li></ul><ul><li>Homer </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Polis <ul><li>The “Zoon Politikon” </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic and geographic features </li></ul><ul><li>Defense: hoplites and acropoleis </li></ul><ul><li>“ Children of the same God” </li></ul><ul><li>Work and Play </li></ul><ul><li>Political trends </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sparta <ul><li>The Peloponnesian conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Helots </li></ul><ul><li>Spartan equality </li></ul><ul><li>Communism and xenophobia </li></ul><ul><li>Lycurgus </li></ul>
  6. 6. Athens <ul><li>Social classes </li></ul><ul><li>Isonomia </li></ul><ul><li>The democratic tradition: Solon, Cleisthenes, Pericles </li></ul><ul><li>Ostracism </li></ul><ul><li>The Athenian “New Deal” </li></ul><ul><li>Illiberal democracy </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Hellenic Era <ul><li>Greek slavery, Greek freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic culture and the transition to naturalism </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy: Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides </li></ul><ul><li>The Symposium and Masculine Homosexuality </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Persian Wars <ul><li>The Ionian Revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Darius’ invasion and Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>Xerxes’ return: Thermopylae and Salamis </li></ul><ul><li>The Delian League and Athenian imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Our man Herodotus </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Peloponnesian Wars <ul><li>Military comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial overstretch: the Melian Dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>Thucydides </li></ul><ul><li>The Sicilian Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>The Collapse of Athenian resistance </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Decline of Classical Greece <ul><li>Spartan hegemony: towards oligarchy </li></ul><ul><li>The 30 Tyrants in Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Epaminondas and Theban Resistance </li></ul><ul><li>The Sacred Band </li></ul>
  11. 12. Today’s Map Locations
  12. 13. Summary <ul><li>The poleis of Greece in many ways form the beginning of a divergent path of development for the West in classical antiquity. Emerging from the destruction of the palace-based civilizations of the Minoans and Mycenaeans, the Greek poleis created a unique system of political, artistic, and intellectual culture. Their material deficiencies were made up by their cultural achievements, and in many ways we can see ancient Greece as a foundational point for Western civilization </li></ul>

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