The Age of Jackson


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The Age of Jackson

  1. 1. The Age of Jackson
  2. 2. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Tallmadge Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Tandem statehood: Missouri and Maine </li></ul><ul><li>The 36º 30’ parallel and the future of slavery </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Second Great Awakening <ul><li>Charles Finney and the “Burned Over District” </li></ul><ul><li>Evangelical Protestantism </li></ul><ul><li>Feminized religion </li></ul><ul><li>Mormonism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Moral Reform <ul><li>Victorian morality </li></ul><ul><li>Liberalism and bourgeois morality </li></ul><ul><li>Temperance </li></ul><ul><li>Missionary Societies </li></ul><ul><li>The Auburn system </li></ul>
  5. 5. The “Corrupt Bargain” <ul><li>1824 election </li></ul><ul><li>“ Favorite son” candidates </li></ul><ul><li>The National Republicans and John Q. Adams </li></ul>
  6. 6. Henry Clay and the American System <ul><li>Clay as a compromiser </li></ul><ul><li>Economic nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff policy </li></ul><ul><li>National Bank and ready credit </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructural improvements </li></ul>
  7. 7. America’s First 3 rd Party <ul><li>Freemasonry </li></ul><ul><li>The disappearance of William Morgan </li></ul><ul><li>The Anti-Masonic Party </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Election of 1828 <ul><li>Electors by popular vote </li></ul><ul><li>The triumph of the common man? </li></ul><ul><li>Electoral coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimation of party </li></ul>
  9. 9. Thomas Jefferson on Andrew Jackson <ul><li>“ I feel much alarmed at the prospect of seeing General Jackson President. He is one of the most unfit men I know of for such a place. He has had very little respect for laws or constitutions, and is, in fact, an able military chief. His passions are terrible. When I was President of the Senate he was a Senator; and he could never speak on account of the rashness of his feelings. I have seen him attempt it repeatedly, and as often choke with rage. His passions are no doubt cooler now; he has been much tried since I knew him, but he is a dangerous man.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jacksonian Democracy <ul><li>The Van Buren plan </li></ul><ul><li>Manhood suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>The Spoils system </li></ul><ul><li>Agrarian expansion </li></ul>
  11. 11. Indian Removal <ul><li>White settler encroachment </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokee nation v. Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>“… as long as grass grows or water runs…” </li></ul><ul><li>Osceola and the 2 nd Seminole War </li></ul><ul><li>The Trail of Tears </li></ul>
  12. 12. Black Hawk War <ul><li>“ I fought hard but your guns were well aimed…My warriors fell around me…The sun rose dim on us in the morning, and at night it sunk in a dark cloud, and looked like a ball of fire. That was the last sun that shone on Black Hawk… </li></ul><ul><li>The white men do not scalp the head; but they do worse—they poison the heart…Farewell my nation! Farewell to Black Hawk.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Chief Black Hawk </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Nullification Crisis <ul><li>The Tariff of Abominations (1828) </li></ul><ul><li>Webster-Hayne debate </li></ul><ul><li>Nullification </li></ul><ul><li>The Force Bill and Jackson’s toast </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Union Forever <ul><li>The Immortal Trio and Daniel Webster </li></ul><ul><li>An American Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Unionism </li></ul><ul><li>From Federalist to Whig </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Second BUS <ul><li>Clay’s plan for rechartering </li></ul><ul><li>Biddle and financial resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Killing the Monster </li></ul><ul><li>Pet Banks </li></ul><ul><li>The Specie Circular </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Whigs <ul><li>Clay, Webster, and King Andrew I </li></ul><ul><li>Van Buren and the election of 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>The Gospel of Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Political revivalism </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Second Party System <ul><li>Competitive Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Systems of party discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic and Ideological Bases </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Little Magician <ul><li>Martin Van Buren - Jackson’s man </li></ul><ul><li>The Panic of 1837 </li></ul><ul><li>The Gag rule and the 800-pound gorilla </li></ul>
  19. 19. Tippecanoe and Tyler too <ul><li>The role of the West </li></ul><ul><li>Who needs a platform? </li></ul><ul><li>How to lose a successful election: the case of John Tyler </li></ul>
  20. 20. Summary <ul><li>The Age of Jackson has frequently been seen as a triumph of the “common man.” Indeed, political participation did surge. On the other hand, this had less to do with Jackson’s policies or ideas and more to do with the reemergence of a competitive political system in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson’s rule signaled the demise of Native American autonomy east of the Mississippi and inaugurated policies of relocation that approach ethnic cleansing. </li></ul><ul><li>The Second Party System, premised upon cross-sectional compromise and national competition for elected office, also mandated a national blindness about slavery. Yet the moral fervor of the Second Great Awakening inspired a movement for reform that could not help but touch upon slavery. </li></ul>