Working schemeWhat is Diwali and why are we studying it?Getting some informationLets get talkingFurther information
What is Diwali and why are we studying it?Diwali is one of the most important hindu festivals. It is important to remember that English is a language spoken all over the world, and India is one of this countries.
Read the text and answer the following questionsWhat is Diwali also known as?How did Diwali originate?How long does Diwali last?What do people do to their houses on the first day of Diwali?Whom is the second day of Diwali dedicated to?When do people light up the entrances to their homes?What gifts are given on the fourth day?Who visits whom on the fifth day?
DiwaliDiwali is the most important Hindu festival. The festival is a celebration of out with the old and in with the new.It originally celebrated the return to India of one of its gods. Rama, had spent many years away fighting evil. To help him find his way back home, his kingdom was illuminated with millions of lights. The lights of Diwali have symbolised the triumph of good versus evil ever since. Today the festival is dedicated to several hindu gods and godesses.There are five days of celebrations. On the first day, the houses are cleaned and the doorsteps are decorated with chalk designs called rangolis. This is to welcome Lakshmi, the godess of wealth. The second day is dedicated to Krishna. People bathe and dress in new clothes and jewellery. The third day is called Diwali. The entrances of the houses are decorated with lights. It is then that Lakshmi visits the houses. It is the last day of the financial year, so a good time to go shopping or to start a business. The fourth day is New Years Eve. Families get together and eat sweets and dried fruit. They go to the temples to pray and the gods are decorated with gold and flowers. The fifth day is the day of the family. Men visit their sisters and have the traditional tika – red spot- on their foreheads to make them strong.Then Diwali ends for another year. After five days of celebration it is time to return
Lets get talking Discuss the questions in small groups. a. Are there any festivals or celebrations similar to Diwali in your country? b. Think of some festivals or celebrations in your country. Are there any specific traditions or activities that you do on certain days?
Further informationIf you feel curious about this festival, check out these links: http://www.bawarchi.com/festivals/diwali1.html http://www.schoolsite.edex.net.uk/49/diwali.htm http://www.bawarchi.com/festivals/diwali1.html