Present perfect

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Present Perfect Simple versus Simple Past

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Present perfect

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT (SIMPLE)
  2. 2. FORM: Subject + have/has(n’t)+ Past Participle We have lived in Ourense for ages. Paul has read all the Harry Potter books. It hasn’t snowed for ages. They haven’t called since last summer. Have you ever met a celebrity? How long has he been here?
  3. 3. PRESENT PERFECT vs. SIMPLE PAST Present Perfect Simple: -Actions started in the Past still happening in the present: I have studied English since I was a child. DIFFERENCES: -Action is over but there’s a connection with the present: Paul has broken his left arm (it is still broken) -Actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past: I have been abroad many times. Simple Past: -Actions finished in the past no longer affecting the Present: I studied English when I was a child. Paul broke his arm when he was 12. (His arm is no longer broken) -Actions that happened at a specific time in the past: Mary went abroad last Summer.
  4. 4. TIME EXPRESSIONS PRESENT PERFECT: How long? Just Already Yet So far Ever Never Recently Lately Today This week/ month/ … It is the 1st. time that…. Who/ what’s the + superlative that…? For + periods of time Since + the moment when something began SIMPLE PAST: When … Ago Last week/ month/… In 1999/ 2012, … Yesterday
  5. 5. More Practice on English teacher

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