Reported By:Daisog, Leony GBombane, Christine R.III- H BSE SOC.STUD
Historical BackgroundAs early as 1925, studies have observed the inadequacy of the basic education curriculum• Monroe Survey (1925)• Prosser Survey (1930)• UNESCO Mission Survey (1949)• Education Act of 1953• Swanson Survey (1960)• Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education (PCSPE)(1970)• Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) Report (1991)• Presidential Commission on Educational Reforms (2000)• Presidential Task Force on Education (2008)• PNOY LAUNCHED K-12 (April 24, 2012)
Key Features of K to 12• Enhancement of the basic education curriculum is the central focus of K to 12.• The enhanced curriculum will offer areas of specialization or electives such as science and technology, arts, sports, journalism, tech-voc, foreign language, entreperneurship, and subjects for advanced placement.
New Features of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum• Mother Tongue as a learning area and medium of instruction.• MAPEH (Music, Arts, Physical Education, and Health) begins in Grade 1
Learning Areas for Grade 1 to 6 Grade 1 to 6 Learning Areas Mother Tongue 1-3 English 1-6 Filipino 1-6 Mathematics 1-6 Araling Panlipunan 1-6 Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 1-6 Science 3-6 MAPEH 1-6 EPP 4-5 TLE 6
SAMPLE CLASS PROGRAMMING Grade 1Time Learning Areas Number of Minutes7:00-7:15 Pambansang Awit7:15-7:25 Homeroom7:25-7:55 Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 307:55-8:45 Mother Tongue 508:45-9:15 Filipino 309:15-9:35 RECESS9:35-10:15 Araling Panlipunan 4010:15-10:45 English (Oral Fluency) 30 2nd Semester10:45-11:35 Mathematics 501:00-1:30 Remediation, Reinforcement, Enrichment Activities or Optional Religious Instruction1:30-2:10 MAPEH 40TOTAL 240/270
AcademicGrades Specialization: • Core Academic Areas (5) Engineering/ Journalism/Foreign11-12 LanguageGrade • Core Academic Areas(8) include Tech-Voc TLE (choice of Agri-Fishery, Industrial Specialization 10 Arts, HE or ICT) Sports/ArtsGrade • Core Academic Areas (8) include TLE (choice of Agri-Fishery, Industrial Specialization 9 Arts, HE or ICT)Grade • Core Academic Areas (8) include TLE (choice of Agri-Fishery, Industrial MODEL 2 8 Arts, HE or ICT) Junior/Senior HSGrade • Core Academic Areas (8) include Curriculum TLE (choice of Agri-Fishery, Industrial 7 Arts, HE or ICT)
Cons• As far as the curriculum is concerned, DepEd should fix the current subjects instead of adding new ones. The problem is the content, not the length, of basic education. As an editorial put it, we need to have better education, not more education.
Cons• Parents have to shell out more money (for transportation and food) for the education of their children.
Cons• The government does not have the money to pay for two more years of free education, since it does not even have the money to fully support today’s ten years.
Cons• A high school diploma will not get anybody anywhere, because business firms will not hire fresh high school graduates.
Cons• Every family dreams of having a child graduate from college.
Cons• While students are stuck in Grades 11 and 12, colleges and universities will have no freshmen for two years. This will spell financial disaster for many private Higher Education Institutions (HEIs).
Cons• The drop-out rate will increase because of the two extra years.
How will we teach Araling Panlipunan under K-12 Curriculum? The Conceptual Framework of Araling Panlipunan (Grade 1 - 7)
• Naipamamalas ang pagunawa sa mga konsepto at pagaaral ng mga tao at grupo, komunidad at lipunan kung paano sila namuhay at namumuhay, ang kanilang ugnayan at interaksyon sa kapaligiran at sa isa’t isa, at ang kanilang mga paniniwala at kultura upang makabuong pagkakakilanlan bilang Pilipino, tao at miyembro ng bansa at mundo; maunawaan ang sariling lipunan gamit ang mga kasanayan sa pananaliksik, pagsisiyasat, mapanuring pagiisip, matalinong pagpapasya,pagkamalikhain, pakikipagkapwa, likas kayang paggamit ng pinagkukunang- yaman at pakikipagtalastasan tungo sa isang mapanuri, mapagmuni, responsable, produktibo, makakalikasan, makatao at makabansa na may pambansa at pandaigdigang pananaw at pagpapahalaga sa mga usapin sa lipunan sa nakaraan at kasalukuyan tungo sa pagpanday ng kinabukasan.