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http://thewomom.com
What is ALS?
Alternative Learning System
A FREE education program implemented by the DepEd
A laderized, modular non-formal education program by the
Department of Education (DepEd)
The 3rd Bureau of DepEd
Benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and
follows whatever is their available schedule
provides a viable alternative to the existing formal education
instruction, encompassing both the non-formal and informal
sources of knowledge and skills.
Alternative Learning System
Teachers that are involved in this program are called “Mobile Teachers
” for reasons that they often go about teaching in rural and depressed
areas where a formal classroom is not available.
EFA-ALS Vision &Mission With the
Bureau of Alternative Learning
System (BALS)
With the Bureau of Alternative Learning System
(BALS), by the year 2015, the Philippines envision
the attainment of a universal functional literacy
brought about by excellence in non formal and
informal delivery of basic education. The
Alternative Learning System is an instrument to
uphold the learners’ aspiration for further learning
and meaningful participation in the community and
society as a whole.
Who are the Target Learners of ALS?
Elementary and secondary school dropouts
Youth and Adults although in school but over-aged for
Grade 6 and 4th Year
Unemployed/underemployed OSY’s and adults
Industry-based workers, housewives, maids, factory workers,
driver
Members of cultural minorities/Indigenous People (IPs)
Persons With Disabilities (PWDs)/physically Challenged
Inmates, rebel/soldier integrees
How Does ALS Work?
 Students who are interested in enrolling in an ALS class are
encouraged to visit Community Learning Centers (CLCs).
 Oral and written tests will be given to assess the student’s/pupil’s
competency level.

 Applicants who have not attended any formal schooling before will
be enrolled in Basic Literacy Program where basic reading and
computing skills will be taught before moving them to advanced
classes.
How Does ALS Work?
 ALS A & E classes takes a minimum of 800 hours to complete (8-10
months). The process of integration starts with the students
attending a 10 month learning and review session conducted by the
Mobile Teacher. After completion, performance are assessed in
preparation for the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (or A&E) that
will be given to these students.
 Passers of either the Elementary or Secondary Level gets a
certificate which bears the signature of the Secretary of the
Department of Education.This allows a passer to be
integrated into formal education and also gives them the
chance to enroll for a college degree or technical courses.
Options and Opportunities for ALS
Passers







Can enroll for college
Enter TESDA/MeralcoFdtn./Technical Schools
Enter other non-formal training programs
Enter Formal training programs
Look for work opportunities
Enrol or re-enrol in formal elementary or secondary
education
BALS Programs & Projects
Informal Education for Disadvantaged Children
This program focuses on packaging of short-term educational
activity that addresses the special needs and interests of the
street and working children. It intends to use life skills active
learning approaches/strategies aimed at developing/enhancing
social, civic, aesthetic, cultural, recreational physical and personal
development.
The learning materials/packages may be
developed/adopted/adapted or gathered from other sources and
tailored-fit to the identified needs of the said users.
BALS Programs & Projects
• Radio-Based Instruction (RBI) Program
The Radio-Based Instruction (RBI) Program is an
alternative learning delivery mode using radio broadcast
to deliver the ALS programs. As a form of distance
learning, it is able to expand access to education by
bringing it to where the learners are. It aims to provide
learning opportunities to listeners and enable them to
acquire equivalency in basic education through the
broadcast of lessons.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
• Alternative Learning System for Differently-Abled Persons
(ALS-DAP)
The Alternative Learning System for Differently-Abled Persons
(ALS-DAP) is a project which aims to deliver Basic Literacy Program
to the special/differently-abled children/OSYs/adults, e.g., hearing
impaired learners who have not availed of/have no access to the
formal school system through specialized approaches, e.g., sign
language.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
• Parent Education
The Parent Education is an informal education which is a life skills
short-term course that addresses the special needs and interests of
the parents to promote pride in their work and ownership of their
responsibilities as members of the family and their community.
• Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH)
The Adolescent Reproductive Health is a project for out-of-school
adolescents ages 9-24 years old. It is a life skills-based education
program for adolescents who are in high-risky behavior, sex-related
or non-sex related behavior.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
Arabic Language and Islamic Values in Alternative Learning System
(ALIVE in ALS)
The Arabic Language and Islamic Values in Alternative Learning System
(ALIVE in ALS) is designed for the Muslim Migrants to be able to
positively contribute to the peace efforts of our government in order to
improve that quality of life of Muslim OSY and adults. It has components,
namely; Basic Literacy Program + ALIVE; Accreditation & Equivalency
(A&E) Program + ALIVE; Informal Education + ALIVE; Technical
Vocational Education Program + ALIVE; and Entrepreneurship
Development + ALIVE.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
•

•

Indigenous Peoples Education
The Indigenous Peoples Education is a research and development project
which aims to provide basic education support services to IP
communities. For IP Education, the core areas of the curriculum are:
FAMILY LIFE, CIVIC CONSCIOUSNESS, ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH
SANITATION & NUTRITION, ECONOMICS & INCOME.This is initially
implemented at the tribal communities in Dumalneg, Ilocos Norte, Gen.
Nakar, Quezon, and Botolan, Zambales.
Accreditation and Equivalency Program
The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Program is a program aimed at
providing an alternative pathway of learning for out-of-school youth and
adults who are basically literate but who have not completed the 10 years of
basic education mandated by the Philippine Constitution. Through this
program, school dropouts are able to complete elementary and high school
education outside the school system.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
• Basic Literacy Program (BLP)
The Basic Literacy Program is a program aimed at eradicating
illiteracy among out-of-school youth and adults (in extreme cases
school-aged children) by developing basic literacy skills of reading,
writing and numeracy.
• FAMILY BASIC LITERACY PROJECT(FBLP)
is a literacy service learning intervention utilizing literate family
members to help non-literate members upgrade their literacy skills
and improve the educational opportunities of poor families.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
• ALS MOBILE TEACHER PROGRA M
makes education accessible to out-of-school youth and adults in the
remote, deprived, depressed and underserved (DDU) difficult to reach
communities.
•

ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY LITERACYENHANCEMENT PROJECT (AFLEP)

provides target learners aged 10-19 years old with basic literacy about
early marriage and parenting, family planning, drug prevention
education, livelihood projects, health education and environmental
education.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
• Out-of-SchoolAdults (BP-OSA)
is a non formaleducation program for the elementary andsecondary level
of out-of-school-youth andadults delivered in selected elementaryand
secondary schools teachers servingas Instructional Managers (Ims).
• Projects E-skwela Project
is designed to provide e-Learning opportunities to Filipino Out-of-school
Youth and Adults who were not able to avail the opportunities laid by the
formal school systema nd would like to finish their basic education,
where interactive computer-based multimedia learning resources will be
the primary source of instruction.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
BALS Programs & Projects
• Informal Education (InfED)
is an education activity that addresses the special needs and interest of
the marginalized and other interest groups of learners, making use of the
life skills approach for personal development. SPECIAL PROJECT .
• Projects E-skwela Project
is designed to provide e-Learning opportunities to Filipino Out-of-school
Youth and Adults who were not able to avail the opportunities laid by the
formal school systema nd would like to finish their basic education,
where interactive computer-based multimedia learning resources will be
the primary source of instruction.

Source:
http://www.deped.gov.ph
ALS vs. Formal Education

Community Learning Centers

SETTING

School
ALS vs. Formal Education

Called a Classroom Teacher
Must be licensed/Professional
Teacher
Must be an education graduate
BSEd/BSEEd

Facilitator/instructional Manager
Must be trained in ALS
Must be College graduate (for A&E program)
Must be HS Graduate or even less (for literacy
Programs)

TEACHER
ALS vs. Formal Education

No age requirement
Age is required for every
school level.

AGE
ALS vs. Formal Education

With Five Learning Areas
Communication Skills
Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
Sustainable use of Resources/Productivity
Develop of self & sense of Community
Expanding ones world vision

With 5 Major Subjects
English
Filipino
Science
Math
Makabayan

Curriculum
ALS vs. Formal Education

Modules that are:
Self-paced
Self-instructional
Indigenous
Integrated

TEXTBOOKS
that are Teacher
Facilitated

LEARNING MATERIALS
ALS vs. Formal Education

Use of ANDRAGOGY – the
science of adult learning

Use of PEDAGOGY – science of
learning among children.

TEACHING METHODOLOGY
ALS vs. Formal Education

ABL Test (For the basic
Literacy Program)
A&E Test (For A&E Program)
For the elementaryequivalent and for HSequivalent levels

End of the Year Achievement
Test for all grade and high
school levels.

Assessment of Learning for Promotion
to Next Level
 The test is divided into 2 parts: the Multiple Choice Test and the
Composition Writing. The test runs for 3 hours and 30 minutes for the
Elementary Level.
 Secondary Level: 4 hours and 15 minutes
Multiple Choice = 3 hours
Kasanayang Pangkomunikasyon, 50 items, 45 minutes
English Communication Skills, 50 items, 30 minutes
Matematika at Agham, 50 items, 60 minutes
Kabuhayan at Likas na Yaman, 50 items, 45 minutes
Pagpapalawak ng Pananaw, 50 items, 45 minutes
Composition Writing = 30 minutes
Elementary Certificate
Elementary Certificate
Changes to the Alternative Learning System
(ALS) under K to 12
• For ALS to be truly parallel with the formal system and for ALS
graduates not to be marginalized, ALS focuses on the teaching
of the same standards and competencies of the formal
system.
• It will provide various delivery modes such as graded and
non-graded modules, print or non-print which will be made
available online. An accreditation and equivalency test for
both academic and technical skills is an important component
of the program.
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Alternative learning system (ALS)

  • 2. What is ALS? Alternative Learning System A FREE education program implemented by the DepEd A laderized, modular non-formal education program by the Department of Education (DepEd) The 3rd Bureau of DepEd Benefits those who cannot afford formal schooling and follows whatever is their available schedule provides a viable alternative to the existing formal education instruction, encompassing both the non-formal and informal sources of knowledge and skills.
  • 3. Alternative Learning System Teachers that are involved in this program are called “Mobile Teachers ” for reasons that they often go about teaching in rural and depressed areas where a formal classroom is not available.
  • 4. EFA-ALS Vision &Mission With the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS) With the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS), by the year 2015, the Philippines envision the attainment of a universal functional literacy brought about by excellence in non formal and informal delivery of basic education. The Alternative Learning System is an instrument to uphold the learners’ aspiration for further learning and meaningful participation in the community and society as a whole.
  • 5. Who are the Target Learners of ALS? Elementary and secondary school dropouts Youth and Adults although in school but over-aged for Grade 6 and 4th Year Unemployed/underemployed OSY’s and adults Industry-based workers, housewives, maids, factory workers, driver Members of cultural minorities/Indigenous People (IPs) Persons With Disabilities (PWDs)/physically Challenged Inmates, rebel/soldier integrees
  • 6. How Does ALS Work?  Students who are interested in enrolling in an ALS class are encouraged to visit Community Learning Centers (CLCs).  Oral and written tests will be given to assess the student’s/pupil’s competency level.  Applicants who have not attended any formal schooling before will be enrolled in Basic Literacy Program where basic reading and computing skills will be taught before moving them to advanced classes.
  • 7. How Does ALS Work?  ALS A & E classes takes a minimum of 800 hours to complete (8-10 months). The process of integration starts with the students attending a 10 month learning and review session conducted by the Mobile Teacher. After completion, performance are assessed in preparation for the Accreditation and Equivalency Test (or A&E) that will be given to these students.  Passers of either the Elementary or Secondary Level gets a certificate which bears the signature of the Secretary of the Department of Education.This allows a passer to be integrated into formal education and also gives them the chance to enroll for a college degree or technical courses.
  • 8. Options and Opportunities for ALS Passers       Can enroll for college Enter TESDA/MeralcoFdtn./Technical Schools Enter other non-formal training programs Enter Formal training programs Look for work opportunities Enrol or re-enrol in formal elementary or secondary education
  • 9. BALS Programs & Projects Informal Education for Disadvantaged Children This program focuses on packaging of short-term educational activity that addresses the special needs and interests of the street and working children. It intends to use life skills active learning approaches/strategies aimed at developing/enhancing social, civic, aesthetic, cultural, recreational physical and personal development. The learning materials/packages may be developed/adopted/adapted or gathered from other sources and tailored-fit to the identified needs of the said users.
  • 10. BALS Programs & Projects • Radio-Based Instruction (RBI) Program The Radio-Based Instruction (RBI) Program is an alternative learning delivery mode using radio broadcast to deliver the ALS programs. As a form of distance learning, it is able to expand access to education by bringing it to where the learners are. It aims to provide learning opportunities to listeners and enable them to acquire equivalency in basic education through the broadcast of lessons. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 11. BALS Programs & Projects • Alternative Learning System for Differently-Abled Persons (ALS-DAP) The Alternative Learning System for Differently-Abled Persons (ALS-DAP) is a project which aims to deliver Basic Literacy Program to the special/differently-abled children/OSYs/adults, e.g., hearing impaired learners who have not availed of/have no access to the formal school system through specialized approaches, e.g., sign language. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 12. BALS Programs & Projects • Parent Education The Parent Education is an informal education which is a life skills short-term course that addresses the special needs and interests of the parents to promote pride in their work and ownership of their responsibilities as members of the family and their community. • Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH) The Adolescent Reproductive Health is a project for out-of-school adolescents ages 9-24 years old. It is a life skills-based education program for adolescents who are in high-risky behavior, sex-related or non-sex related behavior. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 13. BALS Programs & Projects Arabic Language and Islamic Values in Alternative Learning System (ALIVE in ALS) The Arabic Language and Islamic Values in Alternative Learning System (ALIVE in ALS) is designed for the Muslim Migrants to be able to positively contribute to the peace efforts of our government in order to improve that quality of life of Muslim OSY and adults. It has components, namely; Basic Literacy Program + ALIVE; Accreditation & Equivalency (A&E) Program + ALIVE; Informal Education + ALIVE; Technical Vocational Education Program + ALIVE; and Entrepreneurship Development + ALIVE. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 14. BALS Programs & Projects • • Indigenous Peoples Education The Indigenous Peoples Education is a research and development project which aims to provide basic education support services to IP communities. For IP Education, the core areas of the curriculum are: FAMILY LIFE, CIVIC CONSCIOUSNESS, ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH SANITATION & NUTRITION, ECONOMICS & INCOME.This is initially implemented at the tribal communities in Dumalneg, Ilocos Norte, Gen. Nakar, Quezon, and Botolan, Zambales. Accreditation and Equivalency Program The Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E) Program is a program aimed at providing an alternative pathway of learning for out-of-school youth and adults who are basically literate but who have not completed the 10 years of basic education mandated by the Philippine Constitution. Through this program, school dropouts are able to complete elementary and high school education outside the school system. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 15. BALS Programs & Projects • Basic Literacy Program (BLP) The Basic Literacy Program is a program aimed at eradicating illiteracy among out-of-school youth and adults (in extreme cases school-aged children) by developing basic literacy skills of reading, writing and numeracy. • FAMILY BASIC LITERACY PROJECT(FBLP) is a literacy service learning intervention utilizing literate family members to help non-literate members upgrade their literacy skills and improve the educational opportunities of poor families. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 16. BALS Programs & Projects • ALS MOBILE TEACHER PROGRA M makes education accessible to out-of-school youth and adults in the remote, deprived, depressed and underserved (DDU) difficult to reach communities. • ADOLESCENT FRIENDLY LITERACYENHANCEMENT PROJECT (AFLEP) provides target learners aged 10-19 years old with basic literacy about early marriage and parenting, family planning, drug prevention education, livelihood projects, health education and environmental education. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 17. BALS Programs & Projects • Out-of-SchoolAdults (BP-OSA) is a non formaleducation program for the elementary andsecondary level of out-of-school-youth andadults delivered in selected elementaryand secondary schools teachers servingas Instructional Managers (Ims). • Projects E-skwela Project is designed to provide e-Learning opportunities to Filipino Out-of-school Youth and Adults who were not able to avail the opportunities laid by the formal school systema nd would like to finish their basic education, where interactive computer-based multimedia learning resources will be the primary source of instruction. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 18. BALS Programs & Projects • Informal Education (InfED) is an education activity that addresses the special needs and interest of the marginalized and other interest groups of learners, making use of the life skills approach for personal development. SPECIAL PROJECT . • Projects E-skwela Project is designed to provide e-Learning opportunities to Filipino Out-of-school Youth and Adults who were not able to avail the opportunities laid by the formal school systema nd would like to finish their basic education, where interactive computer-based multimedia learning resources will be the primary source of instruction. Source: http://www.deped.gov.ph
  • 19. ALS vs. Formal Education Community Learning Centers SETTING School
  • 20. ALS vs. Formal Education Called a Classroom Teacher Must be licensed/Professional Teacher Must be an education graduate BSEd/BSEEd Facilitator/instructional Manager Must be trained in ALS Must be College graduate (for A&E program) Must be HS Graduate or even less (for literacy Programs) TEACHER
  • 21. ALS vs. Formal Education No age requirement Age is required for every school level. AGE
  • 22. ALS vs. Formal Education With Five Learning Areas Communication Skills Critical Thinking & Problem Solving Sustainable use of Resources/Productivity Develop of self & sense of Community Expanding ones world vision With 5 Major Subjects English Filipino Science Math Makabayan Curriculum
  • 23. ALS vs. Formal Education Modules that are: Self-paced Self-instructional Indigenous Integrated TEXTBOOKS that are Teacher Facilitated LEARNING MATERIALS
  • 24. ALS vs. Formal Education Use of ANDRAGOGY – the science of adult learning Use of PEDAGOGY – science of learning among children. TEACHING METHODOLOGY
  • 25. ALS vs. Formal Education ABL Test (For the basic Literacy Program) A&E Test (For A&E Program) For the elementaryequivalent and for HSequivalent levels End of the Year Achievement Test for all grade and high school levels. Assessment of Learning for Promotion to Next Level
  • 26.  The test is divided into 2 parts: the Multiple Choice Test and the Composition Writing. The test runs for 3 hours and 30 minutes for the Elementary Level.  Secondary Level: 4 hours and 15 minutes Multiple Choice = 3 hours Kasanayang Pangkomunikasyon, 50 items, 45 minutes English Communication Skills, 50 items, 30 minutes Matematika at Agham, 50 items, 60 minutes Kabuhayan at Likas na Yaman, 50 items, 45 minutes Pagpapalawak ng Pananaw, 50 items, 45 minutes Composition Writing = 30 minutes
  • 27.
  • 30. Changes to the Alternative Learning System (ALS) under K to 12
  • 31. • For ALS to be truly parallel with the formal system and for ALS graduates not to be marginalized, ALS focuses on the teaching of the same standards and competencies of the formal system. • It will provide various delivery modes such as graded and non-graded modules, print or non-print which will be made available online. An accreditation and equivalency test for both academic and technical skills is an important component of the program.