Indirect speech


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Indirect speech

  1. 2. <ul><li>Indirect speech or reported speech reports what a speaker said without using the exact words. </li></ul><ul><li>In reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He said, “I live in Honduras.” </li></ul><ul><li>He said that he lived in Honduras. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>“ It is a beautiful dress,” she said. </li></ul><ul><li>She told her that is was a beautiful dress. </li></ul><ul><li>He said, “ I speak English.” </li></ul><ul><li>He said that he spoke English. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Tense Change…
  5. 6. Di rect Speech Reported Speech <ul><li>Simple Present </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Past </li></ul>-Marta said, “It is hot.” -Marta said that it was hot. -”I am a lucky person,” he said. He said that he was a lucky person. <ul><li>Simple Past </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect </li></ul>They said, “we were at work.” They said that they had been at work -Tom said, “I went to the mall.” Tom said that he had gone to the mall. <ul><li>Present Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Past perfect </li></ul>-”She has been at home today.” She said she had been at home today -John said, “I have learn to write.” John said that he had learn to write.
  6. 7. <ul><li>Past Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect </li></ul>He said, “ I hadn’t eaten this before.” He said he hadn’t eaten this before. <ul><li>Future Will </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Conditional “Would” </li></ul>- Caro said, “I will be 19 years old next Monday.” -Caro said that he would be 19 years old next Monday. - “I will be happy”, she said. - She said she would be happy.
  7. 8. Modals Change… Direct Speech Indirect Speech <ul><li>Can </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>- She said, “ I can go to the party </li></ul><ul><li>tonight.” </li></ul><ul><li>- They said to me, “you can do it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Could </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-She said she could go to the party </li></ul><ul><li>that night. </li></ul><ul><li>-They said to me that I could do it. </li></ul><ul><li>May </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>- “May I sleep,” he said. </li></ul><ul><li>-The kids said, “we may go to school </li></ul><ul><li>everyday.” </li></ul><ul><li>Might </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-He said he might sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>-The kids said they might go to school </li></ul><ul><li>everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Might </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-“You might go to church.” </li></ul><ul><li>Might </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-She said that I might go to church. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Practice… <ul><li>1. &quot;I take English classes at Ulacit College.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that… </li></ul><ul><li>2. &quot;I am practicing how to write a formal paragraph.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that… </li></ul><ul><li>3. &quot;I have already written this paragraph four times.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that… </li></ul><ul><li>4.&quot;I really wanted to drop my English class.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that… </li></ul><ul><li>5.&quot;I had made too many mistakes to continue.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that… </li></ul><ul><li>6. &quot;I am not going to give up yet.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that… </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>7. &quot;I have to get a scholarship for college.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that … </li></ul><ul><li>8. &quot;I must support myself after college graduation.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that … </li></ul><ul><li>9. &quot;I cannot continue to depend on my parents.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that … </li></ul><ul><li>10.&quot;I might have to work full time and go to school part time.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>He said that … </li></ul>