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Professional ethics with values education week 3

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Professional ethics with values education week 3

  1. 1. Man as A Person  Moral Character  Character  is the will of the person directing him towards a recognized idea  is not the product of a moment’s inspiration, but a disciplined tendency to choose the right thing in any given circumstance  When a person falls below the expectation he is said to have bad character  A person who lives up to the ideals of his humanity is said to have good character or moral integrityProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  2. 2. Social Dimension of a Person  Society is but an extension of the person  George Hegel teaches that man is fully developed in his participation in family life, civic community and in the State  Thomas Hill Green expressed the conviction that a person’s morality must identify itself with public welfare  Paul Tillich said that natural law is the demand for us “to be a person in the community of other persons”Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  3. 3. Social Dimension of a Person  Society is but an extension of the person  George Hegel teaches that man is fully developed in his participation in family life, civic community and in the State  Thomas Hill Green expressed the conviction that a person’s morality must identify itself with public welfare  Paul Tillich said that natural law is the demand for us “to be a person in the community of other persons”Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  4. 4. Reading : Be Proud you Are Human  From the beginning we found ourselves alone in this universe – we realized this and turned our attention to making something practical and useful out of this unprecedented situation  We found a Light, a God and we got a sense of direction and a goal to work on  We set up a standard for living together  We created for ourselves governing systems covering vast geographical spaces  We have conceived the ideal of justice and plan it all for men  we are persistent – we find ways to browse the water, air and our neighboring planetsProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  5. 5. HUMAN ACTS  Performed by a person who is acting knowingly, freely and willfully  These actions are deliberate, intentional or voluntary  These are differentiated from acts of man which are instinctive and are not under the control of the free willProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  6. 6. Attributes of Human Acts  Human act is done knowingly  The doer is conscious and aware of the reason and the consequences of his actions  Every normal person of age is presumed to act knowingly  Children below the age of reason, the senile and the insane – are considered incapable of moral judgementProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  7. 7. Attributes of Human Acts  Human act is done freely  The doer acts by his own initiative and choice without being forced to do so by another person  An action done under duress is not considered voluntaryProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  8. 8. Attributes of Human Acts  Human act is done willfully  The doer consents to the act, accepting it as his own and assumes accountability for its consequencesProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  9. 9. Kinds of Human Acts  Elicited Acts – those performed by the Will but are not bodily externalized (no external manifestation)  Commanded Acts – those mental and bodily actions performed under the command of the WillProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  10. 10. Elicited Acts  Wish – the tendency of the Will towards an object without considering whether it is attainable or not  Intention – the tendency of the will towards an object which is attainable without necessarily committing oneself to get it  Consent – the acceptance of the will to carry out the intention  Election – the selection of the will of those means necessary to carry out the intention  Use – the command of the will to make use of the means elected to carry out the intention  Fruition – the enjoyment of the will due to the attainment of the intetionProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  11. 11. Commanded Acts  Internal action  Those performed mentally such as reasoning, recalling, imagining, and reflecting  External action  Those performed bodily, such as walking, dancing, talking and writingProfessional Ethics with Values Education Week 3
  12. 12. In summary Philosophers speak of Human acts as “being first in intention, but last in execution”Professional Ethics with Values Education Week 3

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