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 The human activity of man as man
 Act of rationality of man
 Involves understanding and free will
 “an act which proc...
 Activities of man as animal
 Acts are not deliberately done nor voluntary
 Performed without the free will of the agen...
Human Acts Acts of Human
1. The act must
be deliberate.
1. They are done
indeliberately.
2. The act must
be free.
2. The a...
ELICITED ACTS COMMANDED ACTS
•A will-act
begun and
completed in the
will without
bodily
movement.
• Body-mind acts
which a...
ELICITED ACTS COMMANDED ACTS
Wish
Internal Acts
Intention
Consent
External Acts
Election
Use
Mixed
Fruition
 If there is an act, the agent has
an objective in mind.
 For every act that is done, there
is always a corresponding en...
Responsibility is the ability of a
person to respond to a need or
problem in a situation. That
ability to respond is an in...
 It is a man’s natural tendency of
being attracted to what is good
and beautiful and to be repulsed
from what is evil and...
 The will is free when it acts without
any pressure from outside. It is free
when it is attracted to or repulses
anything...
Freedom of the will is the
“power which men have of
determining their actions
according to the judgment of
their reason”
-...
Negative: freedom is the
absence of constriction.
Positive: freedom is the
power to be and to act
under free will and ch...
 Our freedom is “situated” or
limited by the rights of others,
things or persons. Our
environment constricts our
freedom....
 IGNORANCE
Ignorance in its object
Ignorance in its subject
Ignorance in its result
 CONCUPISCENCE
 FEAR
 VIOLENCE
...
Antecedent Ignorance
Concomitant
Ignorance
Consequent Ignorance
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
Human Acts
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Human Acts

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Human Acts are acts which are voluntary, emanated from the heart and is done deliberately.

Published in: Education

Human Acts

  1. 1.  The human activity of man as man  Act of rationality of man  Involves understanding and free will  “an act which proceeds from the deliberate free will of man” (Glenn:3)  The agent becomes responsible and accountable of such act  A human act can be morally good or morally evil
  2. 2.  Activities of man as animal  Acts are not deliberately done nor voluntary  Performed without the free will of the agent  Includes beating of the heart, dreaming, sensations by the five sense organs  Do not demand responsibility from the agent  Amoral acts and not subject to morality
  3. 3. Human Acts Acts of Human 1. The act must be deliberate. 1. They are done indeliberately. 2. The act must be free. 2. The acts are not done freely. 3. The act must be voluntary. 3. The acts are done involuntarily.
  4. 4. ELICITED ACTS COMMANDED ACTS •A will-act begun and completed in the will without bodily movement. • Body-mind acts which are done to carry out the elicited act of the subject.
  5. 5. ELICITED ACTS COMMANDED ACTS Wish Internal Acts Intention Consent External Acts Election Use Mixed Fruition
  6. 6.  If there is an act, the agent has an objective in mind.  For every act that is done, there is always a corresponding end, or a goal.  It is this end that gives the act a reason for its existence.
  7. 7. Responsibility is the ability of a person to respond to a need or problem in a situation. That ability to respond is an internal quality of a person, which is free and voluntary yet morally obligatory in himself.
  8. 8.  It is a man’s natural tendency of being attracted to what is good and beautiful and to be repulsed from what is evil and ugly, after they have been presented by the intellect.  Will is the counterpart of intellect.
  9. 9.  The will is free when it acts without any pressure from outside. It is free when it is attracted to or repulses anything on a natural tendency.  Free will makes the agent become responsible and accountable for his act.
  10. 10. Freedom of the will is the “power which men have of determining their actions according to the judgment of their reason” - St. Thomas
  11. 11. Negative: freedom is the absence of constriction. Positive: freedom is the power to be and to act under free will and choice.
  12. 12.  Our freedom is “situated” or limited by the rights of others, things or persons. Our environment constricts our freedom. But man remains man despite the limitations of human freedom. “Man cannot be reduced to historicity, to his environment, to determinism” (Dy, Jr.:159)
  13. 13.  IGNORANCE Ignorance in its object Ignorance in its subject Ignorance in its result  CONCUPISCENCE  FEAR  VIOLENCE  HABIT
  14. 14. Antecedent Ignorance Concomitant Ignorance Consequent Ignorance

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