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MACALALAD, MAREDEN E.
DHEN_TUMMY@YAHOO.COM
1.They are done in deliberately. The agent
performing the act is not conscious of his
actions going on. The action he is d...
1.The act must be deliberate.
2.The act must be free.
3.The act must be voluntary.
♥==an act of decision to select a degree
course
♥==an act of killing someone
♥==an act of marriage
♥==choice of life partn...
♥ ELICITED ACTS
emanate from the will of the agent. It is a will act
begin and completed in the will without bodily
involv...
1.WISH
2. INTENTION
3. CONSENT
4. ELECTION
5. USE
6. FRUITION
WISH
    - natural inclination of the will towards
    an object.
 INTENTION
    - the wills tendency towards something,
 ...
ELECTION
   - agent chooses from among a variety of
    means what he believes to be the most
    effective to carry out o...
COMMAND ACTS:

1.INTERNAL ACTS

2.EXTERNAL ACTS

3.MIXED
INTERNAL ACTS
   - refer to the purely mental facilities
     under the command of the will.
EXTERNAL ACTS
   - acts are d...
POLITICAL CONDITION:

1.There was dictatorship in the regime.

2. There was rampant violation of
human rights here and the...
HUMAN ACT AND
           RESPONSIBILITY
     Responsibility is the ability of a person
to respond to a need or problem in ...
MORAL PRINCIPLES
PRINCIPLE 1.

INVINCIBLE IGNORANCE MAKES AN
  ACT INVOLUNTARY
PRINCIPLE 2.

   VINCIBLE IGNORANCE DOES NOT
   RENDER THE ACT INVOLUNTARY,
   BUT REDUCES THE
VOLUNTARNESS AND THE
CORRES...
PRINCIPLE 3.

    AFFECTED IGNORANCE IN AWAY
    REDUCES AND IN ANOTHER WAY
    INTENSIFIES VOLUNTARIES

CONCUPISCENE a mo...
PRINCIPLE 4.

ANTECEDENT CONCUPISCENSE
DIMINISHES THE VOLUNTARINESS
PRINCIPLE 5.

   ANTECEDENT CONCUPISCENSE
   DOES NOT ELIMINATE
VOLUNTARINESS OF AN ACT

 FEAR
    -refers to a person’s p...
PRINCIPLE 6.

   ACTS DONE IN FEAR ARE
VOLUNTARY [GLENN; 41]
PRINCIPLE 7.
    AN ACT DONE OUT OF FEAR
HOWEVER GREAT ,IS SIMPLY VOLUNTARY
,ALTHOUGH IT IS ALSO
REGULARLYCONDITIONALLY
IN...
PRINCIPLE 8.

    EXTERNAL ACT WHICH ARE
COMMANDED ,PERFORMED BY A
PERSON UNDER PENDING VIOLENCE
WHICH COULD BE REASONABLY...
HABIT
    -refers to repeatable acts of a person
    done with facility and ease.

 THE INDIRECT VOLUNTARY ACT
     -acts ...
PRINCIPLE 9.

   AN AGENT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE
   EVIL EFFECT HIS INDIRECT
VOLUNTARY ACT
PRINCIPLE 10.

 THE PRINCIPLE OF DOBLE EFFECT
♥=The act must be good in itself or at least
 morally neutral.
♥=The good ef...
ETHICS
ETHICS
ETHICS
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ETHICS

..discussion of human acts

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ETHICS

  1. 1. MACALALAD, MAREDEN E. DHEN_TUMMY@YAHOO.COM
  2. 2. 1.They are done in deliberately. The agent performing the act is not conscious of his actions going on. The action he is doing is not under the command of his consciousness. 2. The acts are not done freely. They may be done by force, that is without the freedom of choice of the person. 3. The acts are done involuntary. The acts do not emanate from the heart of the agent.
  3. 3. 1.The act must be deliberate. 2.The act must be free. 3.The act must be voluntary.
  4. 4. ♥==an act of decision to select a degree course ♥==an act of killing someone ♥==an act of marriage ♥==choice of life partner ♥==to love ♥==to vote for a candidate ♥==act of teaching or studying etc.
  5. 5. ♥ ELICITED ACTS emanate from the will of the agent. It is a will act begin and completed in the will without bodily involvement. ♥ COMMANDED ACTS are body mind acts done to carry out the elicited act of the subject or agent.
  6. 6. 1.WISH 2. INTENTION 3. CONSENT 4. ELECTION 5. USE 6. FRUITION
  7. 7. WISH - natural inclination of the will towards an object. INTENTION - the wills tendency towards something, attainable but not obligatory. CONSENT - is the acceptance of the will to implement the agent’s attention.
  8. 8. ELECTION - agent chooses from among a variety of means what he believes to be the most effective to carry out of intention. USE - wills command to make use of the selected means in carrying out the intention. FRUITION - enjoyment of the will as a result of the attainment of the object desired earlier.
  9. 9. COMMAND ACTS: 1.INTERNAL ACTS 2.EXTERNAL ACTS 3.MIXED
  10. 10. INTERNAL ACTS - refer to the purely mental facilities under the command of the will. EXTERNAL ACTS - acts are done by the body as commanded by the will. MIXED - mixed acts are those done by bodily and mental powers.
  11. 11. POLITICAL CONDITION: 1.There was dictatorship in the regime. 2. There was rampant violation of human rights here and there. 3. Graft and corruption in government officers and agencies.
  12. 12. HUMAN ACT AND RESPONSIBILITY Responsibility is the ability of a person to respond to a need or problem in a given situation. A responsible person has that feeling of moral obligation to do an act as a response to the demand of the situation.
  13. 13. MORAL PRINCIPLES PRINCIPLE 1. INVINCIBLE IGNORANCE MAKES AN ACT INVOLUNTARY
  14. 14. PRINCIPLE 2. VINCIBLE IGNORANCE DOES NOT RENDER THE ACT INVOLUNTARY, BUT REDUCES THE VOLUNTARNESS AND THE CORRESPONDING ACCOUNTABILTY OVER THE ACT
  15. 15. PRINCIPLE 3. AFFECTED IGNORANCE IN AWAY REDUCES AND IN ANOTHER WAY INTENSIFIES VOLUNTARIES CONCUPISCENE a modifier of human acts, refers to bodily tendencies (appetite) of man sometimes called the passions
  16. 16. PRINCIPLE 4. ANTECEDENT CONCUPISCENSE DIMINISHES THE VOLUNTARINESS
  17. 17. PRINCIPLE 5. ANTECEDENT CONCUPISCENSE DOES NOT ELIMINATE VOLUNTARINESS OF AN ACT FEAR -refers to a person’s perturbed state of mind due to an impending danger or evil that might befall anytime .
  18. 18. PRINCIPLE 6. ACTS DONE IN FEAR ARE VOLUNTARY [GLENN; 41]
  19. 19. PRINCIPLE 7. AN ACT DONE OUT OF FEAR HOWEVER GREAT ,IS SIMPLY VOLUNTARY ,ALTHOUGH IT IS ALSO REGULARLYCONDITIONALLY INVOLUNTARY [GLENN; 41] VIOLENCE -refers to a physical external force inflicted on a person by a free agent for the purpose of compelling said person to do an act against his will
  20. 20. PRINCIPLE 8. EXTERNAL ACT WHICH ARE COMMANDED ,PERFORMED BY A PERSON UNDER PENDING VIOLENCE WHICH COULD BE REASONABLY RESISTED ,ARE INVOLUNTARY AND ,THEREFORE, NOT IMPUTABLE [AGAPAY; 25]
  21. 21. HABIT -refers to repeatable acts of a person done with facility and ease. THE INDIRECT VOLUNTARY ACT -acts when perform can have multiple effects other than those directly intended by the agent.
  22. 22. PRINCIPLE 9. AN AGENT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EVIL EFFECT HIS INDIRECT VOLUNTARY ACT
  23. 23. PRINCIPLE 10. THE PRINCIPLE OF DOBLE EFFECT ♥=The act must be good in itself or at least morally neutral. ♥=The good effect must be greater than the evil one, or equally important at least. ♥=The act is the only means to attain the good effect . ♥=The evil effect must be the last to happen . ♥=The agent must be honest in his intention .

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    Aug. 24, 2017

..discussion of human acts

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