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Top ten deadliest disease by tahsim akram


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Top ten deadliest disease by tahsim akram

  2. 2. Syphilis Shypillis Spiral shaped organisms responsible for causing Syphillis
  3. 3. The 10th deadliest disease in the modern world issyphilis.Infection rate: 12.2 million diagnosed casesworldwide.What is it?: Syphilis is as widespread as it isdeadly. Transmitted through sexual contact, 12.2million people worldwide are diagnosed with thedisease, not counting undiagnosed cases. Thatnumber continuous to grow as you read this list.Syphilis can also be transmitted from an infectedmother to a newborn infant directly, without physicalcontact. And while the disease is prevalentworldwide, syphilis occurs mostly in Southeast Asia,Saharan Africa, and Latin America—in that order. Ifyou’re going to get STD, don’t get syphilis.Death rate: 157,000 deaths every year.
  4. 4. MeningitisA bacteria that can cause Meningitis
  5. 5. The 9th deadliest disease in the modern world is the common meningitis. Infection rate: More than 1 million people contract some form of meningitis every year. What is it?: Meningitis is one of the world’s deadliest diseases, notjust in terms of death rate, but in life after full recovery as well. A fatal infection covers the brain and the spinal cord area. Even with early diagnosis and immediate treatment, 5 to 10 percent of patients die,worth noting considering the advances in modern medical technology. In addition—as if this isn’t enough bad news already—10 to 20percent of patients who have fully recovered suffer from hearing loss, brain damage, or learning disability. Death rate: 174,000 deaths every year.
  6. 6. TetanusAn SEM of the bacteria that causes tetanus
  7. 7. The 8th deadliest disease in the modern world is tetanus.Infection rate: 500,000 diagnosed cases every year.What is it?: Tetanus easily beats meningitis and syphilis with itshigh infection rate and death toll. You see, the clostridium tetanispores—the tetanus bacteria—live in the soil, and so arepresent everywhere. Something as simple as a small cut or awound can infect you with the disease several days aftercoming in contact with a dirty surface. Countries in SoutheastAsia and Saharan Africa bear the brunt of the disease with82,000 and 84,000 yearly deaths respectively, though tetanusinfection can be found worldwide.Death rate: 214,000 deaths every year.
  8. 8. Whooping CoughThe bacteria that causes whooping cough
  9. 9. The 7th deadliest disease in the modern world is thewhooping cough.Infection rate: 20 to 40 million diagnosed casesevery year.What is it?: The whooping cough, or pertussis, sillyas its sounds, is a very deadly disease. It is highlycontagious and, once a person is infected, the illnessis capable of causing a host of acute respiratorydiseases on a person. What seems like an ordinarycough can kill you. Whooping cough can be treatedwith antibiotics, but vaccines are still the way to gofor optimum immunity.Death rate: 200,000 to 300,000 deaths every year.
  10. 10. MeaselesThe measles virus
  11. 11. The 6th deadliest disease in the modern world is measles.Infection rate: More than 30 million people, mostlychildren, are infected every year.What is it?: Measles can be easily cured but are deadly ifleft untreated. The disease occurs mostly in children,especially in developing countries like Africa and some inSoutheast Asia, but the measles virus can infect evenadults. Measles can cause brain damage, blindness, andleave children susceptible to diarrhea and pneumonia. Didyou know that an estimated 1,400 people die frommeasles every day? Immunization only costs $1 a child.Death rate: Roughly 530,000 deaths every year.
  12. 12. TuberculosisThe bacteria that causes Tuberculosis
  13. 13. The 5th deadliest disease in the modern world is tuberculosis.Infection rate: 2 billion people are diagnosed with TB every year.What is it?: Fact: TB kills millions of people every year. Fact: 1/3 of theworld’s population is infected. But even with all these facts, new TB casesare still being diagnoses year after year. It’s as if people don’t really careanymore about contracting the disease. Symptoms of TB include chills,fever, chronic cough, weakness, and weight loss. It is highly contagious, andcan be spread through sneezing and coughing. It is no doubt one of thedeadliest diseases in the world in terms of death rate.Death rate: 2 million deaths every year.
  14. 14. DiarrheaThe bacteria that can cause diarrhea
  15. 15. The 4th deadliest disease in the modern world is diarrhea. Infection rate: 4 billion diagnosed cases every year.What is it?: What is diarrhea? Have you ever had acute stomach painsaccompanied with the urge to use the toilet more often than usual? Then you have experienced diarrhea. Often diarrhea is caused by cholera, dysentery, and a host of other bacterial infections like microscopic worms. Diarrhea is easily cured if treated early. Most diarrhea-related deaths, particularly in children, are associated with extreme dehydration. Death rate: Roughly 2.2 million deaths every year.
  16. 16. MalariaThe virus affecting the human blood
  17. 17. The 3rd deadliest disease in the world is the infamous malaria.Infection rate: 300 to 515 million people diagnosed cases every year, a huge portion of whom are in Africa.What is it?: Malaria is transmitted by the deadliest animal in the world known to man: the female anopheles mosquito. In fact,malaria isn’t even transferable through physical contact, but still it accounts for millions of deaths worldwide every year. If that isn’t deadly enough for you, I don’t know what is. Statisticsreveal that every 30 seconds an African child dies from malaria. Damn mosquitoes! (Tips on how to repel mosquitoes) Death rate: 1 to 5 million deaths every year.
  18. 18. HIV/AIDSThe human immunodeficiency virus
  19. 19. The 2nd deadliest disease in the modern world is HIV/AIDS. Infection rate: Roughly 39.4 million people are living with AIDS. What is it?: This disease needs no introduction. The HIV, orhuman immunodeficiency virus, does nothing more than erode a person’s immune system, rendering the patient susceptible toother infections. AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, usually follows through within 8 to 15 years unless the patient receives treatment. Oftentimes, the patient dies of TB or pneumonia following the AIDS infection. Death rate: Some 3 million deaths in 2004.
  20. 20. Lower Respiratory Infection Infectious pneumonias
  21. 21. The deadliest disease in the modern world are a host of lower respiratory infections. What are they?: Lower respiratory infections include pneumonia and other sickness of the lungs, bronchial tubes or windpipe. It’s hard to believe but it’s true—lower respiratory infections far outnumber the death toll for AIDS and malaria worldwide. Surprised? Death rate: More than 4 million deaths every year. In all, these diseases account for nearly half or more than half of fatalities worldwide every year. Scientists are working very hard to research the illnessesand develop new vaccines. Until cures are found for all, prevention is the best way to go.