Effective Ways of preparing for the
Introduction of Road User Charging
Approaches and Tools
14 April 2008
ITS Arab Bahrain...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 2 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Agenda...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 3 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
ETC in...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 4 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
ETC-in...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 5 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Associ...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 6 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Ubiqui...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 7 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Wide c...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 8 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Dutch ...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 9 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Cost M...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 10 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Dutch...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 11 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Alter...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 12 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
How i...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 13 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 14 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
With ...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 15 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Thank...
Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 16 of 16
Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of
Road User Charging
Gunna...
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  1. 1. Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Approaches and Tools 14 April 2008 ITS Arab Bahrain Gunnar Landfester, Dornier Consulting
  2. 2. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 2 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Agenda 1. Electronic toll collection: huge demand, but many risks 2. Need for cost transparency 3. The Dutch cost monitor process: a silver bullet? 4. Cost Comparison for everyone 5. Your questions
  3. 3. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 3 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging ETC in operation Plans for country-wide ETC ETC erection in progress System extension planned Current projects  Czech Republic (satellite technology for national roads) Concrete plans  France (Toll on national roads)  Netherlands (Nationwide tolling)  UK (Start of operation: 2015 est.)  Slovakia (Implementation: 2008 est.)  Hungary (Implementation: 2008 est.)  Sweden (start of operation: 2012 est.)  Austria (toll for passenger cars)  Poland (feasibility study)  Germany (light trucks: 2012 est.)  Bulgaria Country-wide toll systems are planned virtually all across Europe ETC: Demand and Risks
  4. 4. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 4 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging ETC-introduction can be both lengthy and risky ETC: Demand and Risks Infrastructure demand Financing options ETC Feasibility ETC Trials Privat/Public choice Public consultation demand Legislation Tender process Public realization process Research & Planning Implementation Impact of feedback-loops 20-30 years (e.g. Germany, Austria, Netherlands) Supervision & adjustment
  5. 5. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 5 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Associated risks rise with system complexity  Political risks: new administration to change targets or stop realization process  Tender risks: complex bid evaluation procedures are vulnerable to legal actions (e.g. Germany, Czech Republic, Taiwan)  Implementation risks:  Non-availability of infrastructure (e.g. power, fixed line or mobile networks)  Technical risks with new technology (Big bang)  Project management (e.g. roll-out)  Future all roads / all vehicle projects will be even more challenging in the preparation and implementation phases ETC: Demand and Risks
  6. 6. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 6 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Ubiquitous cost transparency speeds up realization, thus lowering total costs Need for cost transparency Capex Opex Studies Pilot trials Tender process Negotiation process Supervision Lost revenues cost awareness / visibility Totalcosts Direct system costs Development Development costs Steering Side costs Delay costs Graphic proportions do not reflect cost proportions high low
  7. 7. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 7 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Wide choice of system concepts makes decision-finding complex Technologies Operational solutions System concepts Need for road financing Schedule restrictions Acceptable system costs A perfect solution? Stationary enforcement Mobile enforcement GPS Thin Client Video tolling Network tolling Trucks Passenger Cars Area tolling DSRC Mobile enforcement Fat Client Need for cost transparency
  8. 8. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 8 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Dutch Cost Monitor supports the legislation and implementation process Run-up story  Long track record of trials and studies  Public-private initiative: replace vehicle and oil taxes by a mobility tax for all vehicle kilometres driven  Industry: Less fall-back solutions, no special system for occasional users and progress in technology leads to cheaper system Targets of Cost Monitor  Verify cost progress, identify potentials  Support solution-finding process  Support legislation process over 5-year period  Optimization of policy choice (public/private work share) Dutch Cost Monitor Source: Cost Monitor / Dutch Ministry of Transport
  9. 9. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 9 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Cost Monitor delivered detailed data on cost structures of system concepts Approach  Phase 1: Discussions on system requirements and draft design (52 parties)  Phase 2: Detailed reports from 11 parties regarding system concepts, related costs, alternative designs and special issues  Bi-annual update Major Results  General approach verified  Detailed information on cost categories  Revised requirement specification Dutch Cost Monitor Source: Cost Monitor / Dutch Ministry of Transport
  10. 10. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 10 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Dutch Cost Monitor is a model for large-scale ITS projects only Dutch Cost Monitor A model for other projects as well?  In terms of size and technology the Dutch project is most ambitious so far (8 million cars, 6 billion € project value)  However, detailed evaluations for typical ETC projects (200 – 800 million Euro) with small budget is rather unlikely  Conclusion: Alternatives are needed! Major advantages of the Cost Monitor  Good results, quality information  Low costs approach  Quick results ! ?
  11. 11. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 11 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Alternatives for finding the cost-optimal system solutions Solution  Tool-based system cost calculation Approach  Life Cycle Costing approach  Customizable reference designs for DSRC and GNSS/CN tolling allows quick results  Custom system designs can be easily implemented as well  Use of cost forecasts, based on historic cost data from projects across Europe (which also includes Cost Monitor data) Area of application For road operators / administrative bodies  Validation of financial options  Support in the conception phase  Preparation of tenders For system integrators  Comparison of system concepts  Preparation of bids Cost Comparison for everyone
  12. 12. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 12 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging How it works - CostComparator is based on the lifecycle costing model Life cycle phasesLife cycle phases Product Breakdown StructureProduct Breakdown Structure Organizationalstructure / Cost structure (WBS/CBS) Organizationalstructure / Cost structure (WBS/CBS) Cost class: e.g..: EnergyCost class: e.g..: Energy Cost element e.g.: energy costs of component „A“ during operation Cost element e.g.: energy costs of component „A“ during operation Defined part of life cycle e.g..: Operation Component A Defined part of life cycle e.g..: Operation Component A  With changing the underlying system concept, the CostComparator can be used for any technical system. Cost Comparison for everyone
  13. 13. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 13 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging
  14. 14. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 14 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging With well defined input, the CostComparator can deliver in three steps Capture environment  Road network  Number of vehicles  Investment costs  OBU  Enforcement cameras  Operational costs  Communication  Staff Cost Comparison for everyone Capture Environment Add/Modify System if necessary ProcessLCC Analysis & Simulation Capture Environment Add/Modify System if necessary ProcessLCC Analysis & Simulation 1 2 3 Modify system concept  Manual booking de-/activated  Replace stationary enforcement by mobile enforcement  ... Compute lifecycle costs  Press the button! Result: Scenario cost estimation  Any parameter can be modified  For further analysis, costs classes can be analysed  Reinvestments can be defined as well
  15. 15. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 15 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Thank you very much for your attention! ‫لكم‬ ‫ا‬ً ‫شكر‬! Your questions
  16. 16. Gunnar Landfester / 14.04.2008/ Page 16 of 16 Effective Ways of preparing for the Introduction of Road User Charging Gunnar LANDFESTER Country Director Transportation KSA Project Office Riyadh Saudi Arabia Phone +966 1 4792804 Mobile +966 50 4239058 Fax +966 1 4792657 Gunnar.Landfester@Dornier-Consulting.com Contact

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