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CoordiNet- Large scale demonstrations for TSO-DSO Cooperatio

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Webinar recording at https://youtu.be/xgfUd6acBfk

The CoordiNet project aims at demonstrating how Distribution System Operators (DSO) and Transmission System Operators (TSO) shall act in a coordinated manner to procure and activate grid services in the most reliable and efficient way through the implementation of three large-scale demonstrations.

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CoordiNet- Large scale demonstrations for TSO-DSO Cooperatio

  1. 1. CoordiNet- Large scale demonstrations for TSO- DSO Cooperation Marco Baron, Gonca Gürses-Tran, Kris Kessels December 2019
  2. 2. ISGAN in a Nutshell Created under the auspices of: the Implementing Agreement for a Co-operative Programme on Smart Grids 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 2 Strategic platform to support high-level government knowledge transfer and action for the accelerated development and deployment of smarter, cleaner electricity grids around the world International Smart Grid Action Network is the only global government-to- government forum on smart grids. an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) Annexes Annex 1 Global Smart Grid Inventory Annex 2 Smart Grid Case Studies Annex 3 Benefit- Cost Analyses and Toolkits Annex 4 Synthesis of Insights for Decision Makers Annex 5 Smart Grid Internation al Research Facility Network Annex 6 Power T&D Systems Annex 7 Smart Grids Transitions Annex 8: ISGAN Academy on Smart Grids
  3. 3. ISGAN’s worldwide presence 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 3
  4. 4. Value proposition 4 ISGAN Conference presentations Policy briefs Technology briefs Technical papers Discussion papers Webinars Casebooks Workshops Broad international expert network Knowledge sharing, technical assistance, project coordination Global, regional & national policy support Strategic partnerships IEA, CEM, GSGF, Mission Innovation, etc. Visit our website: www.iea-isgan.org05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION
  5. 5. Gonca Gürses-Tran (RWTH Aachen)The Use Case Methodology applied to TSO-DSO platform demonstrations3 Kris Kessels (VITO)Grid services, products and market models2 Marco Baron (ENEL)Introduction to the CoordiNet project1 Agenda
  6. 6. Gonca Gürses-Tran (RWTH Aachen)The Use Case Methodology applied to TSO-DSO platform demonstrations3 Kris Kessels (VITO)Grid services, products and market models2 Marco Baron (ENEL)Introduction to the CoordiNet project1 Agenda
  7. 7. Introduction 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 7 CoordiNET at a glance Project Timeline: 1° of January 2019 – 30° of June 2022 Project Budget and funding : 19.2M€ - 15.1M€ Total number of partners: 23 + 10 Linked Third Parties Large-scale TSO-DSO-Consumer demonstrations of innovative network services through demand response, storage and small-scale distributed generation Objectives:  Demonstrate the activation and provision of services through a TSO- DSO coordination  Define and test standard products that provide services to the network operators  Develop a TSO-DSO-consumer collaboration platform in demonstration areas to pave the way for the interoperable development of a pan- European market Demo areas Countries involved
  8. 8. The Consortium 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 8 Type of company Number of participants Company logo TSO 3 DSO 5 Research Centres and Universities 8 DSO associations 1 Technology provider 1 Flexibility providers and aggregators 3 Solution providers 2
  9. 9. The TSO-DSO coordination in the Clean Energy Package Electricity Directive, Article 32(1)
  10. 10. Differences among DERs 06/12/2019 10 Aggregation is important to foster LV DER service provision. Still incipient in the 3 demo countries
  11. 11. Coordination schemes According to current market features and expected products and services Economic assessment Through demo results, market simulations and business cases Scalability & replicability: Recommendations & Roadmap for an adapted market design at EU-level ICT requirements for platforms standardization or integration Main activities
  12. 12. Gonca Gürses-Tran (RWTH Aachen)The Use Case Methodology applied to TSO-DSO platform demonstrations3 Kris Kessels (VITO)Grid services, products and market models2 Marco Baron (ENEL)Introduction to the CoordiNet project1 Agenda
  13. 13. Grid services and products • Grid services are “services provided to Distribution System Operators (DSOs) and Transmission System Operators (TSOs) to keep the operation of the grid within acceptable limits for security of supply and are delivered mainly by third parties” (adapted from CEDEC et al., 2019) • Standard products are “harmonized products for the exchange of grid service(s) with common characteristics across Europe (i.e. shared by all TSOs or by all DSOs or by all TSOs and DSOs)” (adapted from EBGL) • Specific Products are “products different from standard products” (adapted from EBGL) 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 13 Sources: • CEDEC, EDSO, ENTSO-E, Eurelectric, GEODE, 2019. TSO-DSO Report An integrated approach to active system management with the focus on TSO- DSO coordination in congestion management and balancing. • EBGL. Commission regulation (eu) 2017/2195 of 23 november 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity balancing (No. L312/6).
  14. 14. Possible grid services in CoordiNet Balancing Inertial response Congestion management Voltage control Black start Controlled islanding 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 14 FSP TSO DSO EV FSP Flexibility Service Provider TSO Transmission System Operator DSO Distribution System Operator
  15. 15. From grid services towards products • Definition of one or more standard products for each of the grid services considered with some commonly defined attributes • Not all product attributes are fixed • Some common attributes for different services • Currently no specific products, but can be defined when needed • For each service a capacity product can be defined next to the energy products We assembled feedback based on a questionnaire and received feedback from 16 partners 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 15
  16. 16. Standard products - characteristics 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 16 Preparation period (1) Ramping period (2) Full activation time (3) Quantity (4) Delivery period (5) Deactivation period (6) Granularity Validity period Recovery period Mode of activation Pricing Divisibility Location Aggregation Product symmetry
  17. 17. Balancing FFR FCR aFRR mFRR RR Congestion management Congestion management product reserved Congestion management non-reserved Voltage control Steady state reactive power Dynamic reactive power Active power Inertial response (physical) inertial response Black start Black start system restoration Controlled islanding See balancing + voltage control Products within CoordiNet 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 17 FFR Fast Frequency Response FCR Frequency Containment Reserves aFRR automatic Frequency Restoration Reserves mFRR manual Frequency Restoration Reserves RR Replacement Reserves
  18. 18. Market models - coordination schemes • A coordination scheme is defined as “the relation between TSO and DSO, defining the roles and responsibilities of each system operator, when procuring and using system services…” (Gerard et al., 2018).” • No one-size-fits-all coordination scheme • A mapping of coordination schemes and a common nomenclature is proposed • Proposition of a categorization structure to group similar coordination needs together • Only “market coordination” (procurement phase) • Approach: • Starting basis: five coordination schemes (CSs) as introduced by the H2020 the SmartNet project (Gerard et al., 2018) • Complimented with: literature on new coordination schemes and reports that cover certain aspects of coordination 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 18 Source: Gerard, H., Rivero Puente, E.I., Six, D., 2018. Coordination between transmission and distribution system operators in the electricity sector: A conceptual framework. Util. Policy 50, 40–48. https://doi.org/10/gc49cb
  19. 19. Assessment of coordination schemes 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 19 Reference Alternative coordination scheme (Gerard et al., 2016) Centralized AS market model Local AS market model Shared balancing responsibility model Common TSO-DSO AS market model Integrated flexibility market model (Kristov et al., 2016) (Martini et al., 2015) Total TSO model Minimized or minimal DSO model Market DSO model C1 (and C2) or Total DSO model (Neuhoff and Richstein, 2017) Full integration market model (Kim et al., 2018) System Balancing Cost Allocation based on the Cost-Causality Principle (Burger et al., 2018) Enhanced Bulk Balancing Authority (BA) Model variant A Enhanced Bulk BA Model variant B Hybrid model (Brazier et al., 2019) (CEDEC et al., 2018) Separated TSO and DSO congestion management Combined TSO and DSO congestion management, with separated balancing Combined balancing and congestion management for all system operators together (ENTSO-E, 2017a) Single Flexibility Market Place (Vicente-Pastor et al., 2019) Sequential Design, TSO-DSO Mechanism, and TSO-DSO-Retailer Mechanism (Ecofys and Fraunhofer IWES, 2017) Regional Reserve MarketPlus (‘RegelenergiemarktPlus’) Cascade model (‘Kaskadenmodell’) Regional IntradayPlus market New flexibility platform (‘neue Flexibilitätsplattform’) Full sources available within: Vanschoenwinkel, J., Delnooz, A., Kessels, K., & Puente, E. R. (2019). Definition of scenarios and products for the demonstration campaigns (H2020 CoordiNet Report No D1.3).
  20. 20. Coordination schemes within CoordiNet 20 Central & Local DSO&TSO DSO & TSO & External Stakeholder Peers 𝟏𝟏 > 𝟏 Yes Yes No Fragmented Yes Central TSO 𝟏 Yes No Local Peers DSO 𝟏≥ 𝟏 ≥ 𝟏 Where is the need located in the system? Who is the primary buyer of the flexibility? Common Integrated Multi-Level Distributed Central Local 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION How many markets are utilized to buy flexibilities? Resulting Market Model Does the TSO have access to assets on the distribution level?
  21. 21. Coordination schemes within CoordiNet 21 Central & Local DSO&TSO DSO & TSO & External Stakeholder Peers 𝟏𝟏 > 𝟏 Yes Yes No Fragmented Yes TSO 𝟏 Yes No Local Peers DSO 𝟏≥ 𝟏 ≥ 𝟏 Who is the primary buyer of the flexibility? Common Integrated Multi-Level Distributed Central Local 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION How many markets are utilized to buy flexibilities? Does the TSO have access to assets on the distribution level? Need Central Resulting Market Model
  22. 22. Coordination schemes within CoordiNet 22 Central & Local DSO&TSO DSO & TSO & External Stakeholder Peers 𝟏𝟏 > 𝟏 Yes Yes No Fragmented Yes TSO 𝟏 Yes No Local Peers DSO 𝟏≥ 𝟏 ≥ 𝟏 Common Integrated Multi-Level Distributed Central Local 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION How many markets are utilized to buy flexibilities? Does the TSO have access to assets on the distribution level? Need Buyer Central Resulting Market Model
  23. 23. Coordination schemes within CoordiNet 23 Central & Local DSO&TSO DSO & TSO & External Stakeholder Peers 𝟏𝟏 > 𝟏 Yes Yes No Fragmented Yes TSO 𝟏 Yes No Local Peers DSO 𝟏≥ 𝟏 ≥ 𝟏 Common Integrated Multi-Level Distributed Central Local 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION Does the TSO have access to assets on the distribution level? Need Buyer # Markets Central Resulting Market Model
  24. 24. Coordination schemes within CoordiNet 24 Central & Local DSO&TSO DSO & TSO & External Stakeholder Peers 𝟏𝟏 > 𝟏 Yes Yes No Fragmented Yes TSO 𝟏 Yes No Local Peers DSO 𝟏≥ 𝟏 ≥ 𝟏 Common Integrated Multi-Level Distributed Central Local 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION Need Buyer # Markets Access? Market models Central
  25. 25. Gonca Gürses-Tran (RWTH Aachen)The Use Case Methodology applied to TSO-DSO platform demonstrations3 Kris Kessels (VITO)Grid services, products and market models2 Marco Baron (ENEL)Introduction to the CoordiNet project1 Agenda
  26. 26. The Use Case Methodology IEC 62559-2 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 26 • Objective: Fostering a common understanding of functionalities, actors and processes across different stakeholders • A single layer of the SGAM is a two- dimensional plane • Domains: electrical energy conversion chain from generation to consumption • Zones: task distribution towards management of technical and business processes Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM) (Gottschalk et al. 2017) Premises
  27. 27. Top-Down Approach 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION C 27 1. Compiled first information from templates 2. Short recap and feedback in workshop groups 3. Each BUC detailed out and re- arranged 4. Mapping coordination schemes & products 5. Diagram creation 6. Final Document https://private.coordinet-project.eu//files/documentos/5d724207ca982Coordinet_Deliverable_1.5.pdf
  28. 28. Terminologies 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 28 The CoordiNet platform is intended… … to form an interface to manage interactions between the TSO, DSOs and FSPs, … to coordinate the functions necessary to perform the Use Cases, … to support: data exchange between actors related to market bids, technical limitations on networks, market clearing functions, market results. … … …
  29. 29. Example UML-Overview 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 29
  30. 30. Greek Business Use Cases 30G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN Connected with Hedno
  31. 31. Actors and Objectives in GR-1a&b 31 DSO • Keep voltage level in acceptable limits • Minimize renewable energy curtailment • Improve grid efficiency and guarantee secure operation • Use flexibility from distribution network for voltage control • Enable non-discriminatory market access (local & TSO ancillary...) TSO • Keep voltage level in acceptable limits • Minimize renewable energy curtailment • Flexibility from transmission (and distribution) for voltage control • Improve system efficiency and guarantee secure operation • Enable non-discriminatory market access (TSO ancillary services) Aggregator • Achieve more revenue streams by increasing the attractiveness for flex. providers to participate Service Provider (separate for transmission, distribution and flexibility) • Optimize flexible resources management business a)Multi-level b)Fragmented G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN
  32. 32. 32 Connected with e-distribución Connected with Iberdrola Distribución Electrica G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN Spanish Business Use Cases
  33. 33. Actors and Objectives in ES-1 33 DSO • Procure flexibility from resources connected at both transmission and distribution network • Solve temporary congestions that can occur in both networks using a common and local ancillary services market TSO • Procure flexibility from resources connected at both transmission and distribution network • Solve temporary congestions that can occur in both networks using a common ancillary services market Aggregator • Achieve more revenue streams by increasing the attractiveness for flex. providers to participate Service Provider (separate for transmission, distribution and flexibility) • Optimize flexible resources management business a)Common G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN b)Local
  34. 34. Actors and Objectives in ES-4 34 DSO • To operate in islanding mode during outages • To operate in islanding mode during planned maintenance • To maintain uninterrrupted power supply TSO • To evaluate the effect of the DSO’s islanding operation on balancing Aggregator • Achieve more revenue streams by increasing the attractiveness for flex. providers to participate Service Provider (separate for transmission, distribution and flexibility) • Optimize flexible resources management business Local G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN
  35. 35. Swedish Business Use Cases 35 G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN Connected with Vattenfall Connected with Eon
  36. 36. Actors and Objectives in SE-2 36 Local DSO • To connect new renewable energy sources • To improve power quality and security of supply Local & Regional DSO • To unlock flexibility and increase attractiveness for flexibility service providers to participate on the CoordiNet platform TSO • To increase the liquidity of the manual frequency restoration reserve market Aggregator • Achieve more revenue streams by increasing the attractiveness for flex. providers to participate Service Provider (separate for distribution and flexibility) • Optimize flexible resources management business G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN Local
  37. 37. Actors and Objectives in SE-3 37 Local & Regional DSO • To give customers opportunity to optimize their resources • To meet grid needs with a market opportunity TSO • To increase the liquidity of the manual frequency restoration reserve market Aggregator • Achieve more revenue streams by increasing the attractiveness for flex. providers to participate Service Provider (separate for distribution and flexibility) • Optimize flexible resources management business G. GÜRSES-TRAN | RWTH AACHEN Multi-level
  38. 38. Resulting ambition overview 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 38
  39. 39. Baron, Marco; Kessels, Kris; Gürses-Tran, Gonca • marco.baron2@enel.com • Kris.kessels@vito.be • GGuerses@eonerc.rwth-aachen.de CoordiNet has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 824414
  40. 40. Assessment of coordination schemes 5 possible coordination schemes from SmartNet project • Centralized AS market model • Local AS market model • Shared balancing responsibility model • Common TSO-DSO AS market model • Integrated flexibility market model 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 40 Source: Gerard, H., Rivero Puente, E.I., Six, D., 2018. Coordination between transmission and distribution system operators in the electricity sector: A conceptual framework. Util. Policy 50, 40– 48. https://doi.org/10/gc49cb
  41. 41. Product characteristics Characteristic Definition Preparation period The period between the request by the SO and the start of the ramping period. Ramping period The period during which the input and/or output of power will be increased or decreased until the requested amount is reached. Full activation time The period between the activation request by the SO and the corresponding full delivery of the concerned product. Minimum/maximum quantity The power (or change in power) which is offered and which will be reached at the end of the full activation time. The minimum quantity represents the minimum amount of power for one bid. The maximum quantity represents the maximum amount of power for one bid. Min/max duration of delivery period The minimum/maximum length of the period of delivery during which the service provider delivers the full requested change of power in-feed to, or the full requested change of withdrawals from the system. Deactivation period The period for ramping from full delivery to a set point, or from full withdrawal back to a set point. Granularity The smallest increment in volume of a bid. Validity period The period when the bid offered by the service provider can be activated, where all the characteristics of the product are respected. The validity period is defined by a start time and an end time. Mode of activation The mode of activation of bids, i.e. manual or automatic. Automatic activation is done automatically during the validity period, whereas a manual activation is done at the request of the SO. Availability price Price for keeping the flexibility available (mostly expressed in € /MW/hour of availability) Activation price Price for the flexibility actually delivered (mostly expressed in € /MWh) Divisibility The possibility for a system operator to use only part of the bids offered by the service provider, either in terms of power activation or time duration. A distinction is made between divisible and indivisible bids. Locational information included This attribute determines whether certain locational information needs to be included in the bid (e.g. identification of LFC area, congested area...) Recovery period Minimum duration between the end of deactivation period and the following activation. Aggregation allowed This attribute determines whether a grouped offering of power by covering several units via an aggregator is allowed. Symmetric/asymmetric product This attribute determines whether only symmetric products are allowed. For a symmetric product upward regulation volume and for downward regulation volume has to be equal. 05/12/2019 ISGAN WEBINAR - COORDINET PRESENTATION 41

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