Hitting the Road in Green Mode Local Renewables 2007  Freiburg, June 14, 2007 Marieke Reijalt Dissemination Coordinator
Project and Objective <ul><li>Procura is a General Action project of the Intelligent Energy for Europe programme of the Di...
Problems and Solutions <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>lack  of infrastructure (chicken-egg problem) </li></ul><ul><...
The Target Groups   <ul><li>Local authorities; Private fleet owners Regional and national agencies.   Maintenance and repa...
Procura Partners <ul><li>Ecofys b.v. </li></ul>. FAST Federazione delle associazioni scientifiche e tecniche . Terberg Lea...
Alternative motor fuels? <ul><li>Compressed  </li></ul><ul><li>natural gas  [CNG] </li></ul><ul><li>Bioethanol (will cost ...
Deliverables <ul><li>Preparation material (WP2-3) </li></ul><ul><li>AFV-manuals / training guidelines for different target...
Workpackage progress: WP2: Manuals <ul><li>Current status:  WP2 rounded off </li></ul><ul><li>Three manuals delivered, Mar...
Workpackage progress: WP3: Procurement <ul><li>Current status: Rounding off WP3 </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and ecologic to...
Workpackage progress: WP3: Procurement <ul><li>Procurement models- example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Taxi company with >50 vehi...
Workpackage progress: WP4.1 Nijmegen <ul><li>Status: in progress </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on CNG procurement: buses and car...
Workpackage progress: WP4.2 Greenlease <ul><li>(Green)LEASE :  A fixed long-term commitment to rent an asset, e.g. a vehic...
Workpackage progress: WP5: Lisbon <ul><li>Current status: In progress  </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality of Lisbon fleet </li...
Workpackage progress: WP6: Italy <ul><li>Current status: </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on biofuels  </li></ul><ul><li>CNG is wel...
Workpackage progress: WP7: Poland <ul><li>Current status: In progress </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on CNG buses </li></ul><ul><...
Workpackage progress: WP8: Valencia <ul><li>Current status: in progress </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chain analysis Valencia r...
Workpackage progress: WP9 - Evaluation <ul><li>An evaluation of all pilots is taken into account at the end of the project...
Workpackage progress: WP10 Dissemination <ul><li>Current status: Up and Running  </li></ul><ul><li>Website set up </li></u...
Conclusions PROCURA M16 <ul><li>- Despite growing interest, large barriers exist for large-scale AFV procurement </li></ul...
Conclusions PROCURA M16 <ul><li>Possible strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Tax exemption (e.g Germany-biodiesel, Sweden-ethanol...
Outline for successful GreenLease concepts Deliverable D 3.4 Michaela Mönter NTDA Energía
Greenlease Concept GREENLEASE Reconditioning & second-hand vehicle auctioning Label Fleet Analysis Maintenance & Repairs F...
Greenlease concept Fuel saving measures which can be applied by any fleet owner & driver 8 2 3 4 5 6 <ul><li>Reduction of ...
Procurement Models Michaela Mönter NTDA Energía
Bulk Procurement
Bulk Procurement
Bulk Procurement
AFV-Quick Scan tool
AFV-Quick Scan tool screenshot 1 Country Buttons : By clicking onto country buttons the tool selects pre-set country data ...
AFV-Quick Scan tool screenshot 2
Results: province of Gelderland (2) Economics  & CO 2  emissions Yearly costs (incl depreciation) Per AFV option (x € 1000...
Results: province of Gelderland (3) Local air quality PM 10  emissions (kg/year) NO x  emissions (kg/year)
AFV-Quick Scan tool <ul><li>Current status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>40 fleet scan performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostl...
Contact Information For more information please visit  www.procura-fleet.eu   or contact: Menno Chang,  project coordinato...
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  • 27 maggio 2009 General info
  • B1_Reijlat

    1. 1. Hitting the Road in Green Mode Local Renewables 2007 Freiburg, June 14, 2007 Marieke Reijalt Dissemination Coordinator
    2. 2. Project and Objective <ul><li>Procura is a General Action project of the Intelligent Energy for Europe programme of the Directorate General Transport and Energy. </li></ul>The project started the beginning of February 2006 and will last three years. The total budget is Euro 1.748.546. PROCURA aims at contributing to the EU objective of 20% substitution of oil-based motor fuels by 2020, by overcoming market barriers for large-scale procurement of Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs).
    3. 3. Problems and Solutions <ul><li>The problem </li></ul><ul><li>lack of infrastructure (chicken-egg problem) </li></ul><ul><li>lack of maintenance and repair facilities </li></ul><ul><li>lack of knowledge of fleet owners and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>lack of economics </li></ul><ul><li>lack of second-hand market. </li></ul><ul><li>buyer pools (permitting centralised infrastructure and servicing); </li></ul><ul><li>certification systems for AFVs. </li></ul><ul><li>a focus on private fleet owners (e.g. Greenlease); </li></ul><ul><li>the start-up development of second hand markets </li></ul>The solution PROCURA’s strategy consists of developing and testing models for centralised AFV procurement via:
    4. 4. The Target Groups <ul><li>Local authorities; Private fleet owners Regional and national agencies. Maintenance and repair shop Infrastructure developers Branch organisations (automotive) Automotive manufacturers </li></ul>The deliverables manuals developed in collaboration with, and to be applied by fleet owners in 5 pilots in the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Poland and Spain. ; 200 Alternative fuelled vehicles, AFVs will be procured; 150 fleet scans will be carried out , 1500 relevant stakeholders will be involved in events
    5. 5. Procura Partners <ul><li>Ecofys b.v. </li></ul>. FAST Federazione delle associazioni scientifiche e tecniche . Terberg Leasing bv European Natural Gas Vehicle Association ETA Renewable Energies . Municipality of Nijmegen. Krajowa Agencja Poszanowania Energii S.A Instituto Superior Tecnico Ford Motor Company Europe NTDA Energia . Empresa Municipal de Tranportes de Valencia . University Utrecht
    6. 6. Alternative motor fuels? <ul><li>Compressed </li></ul><ul><li>natural gas [CNG] </li></ul><ul><li>Bioethanol (will cost Euro 2,00 t o2,25 per gallon) </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetabel oil </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiesel </li></ul>EU target of target 5,75 % in 2010 France target 7% in 2010 UK Target 3,5% in 2010
    7. 7. Deliverables <ul><li>Preparation material (WP2-3) </li></ul><ul><li>AFV-manuals / training guidelines for different target groups (WP2) </li></ul><ul><li>Fleetscan tool </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement models </li></ul>Pilot cases (WP4-8) Applied by fleet owners in 5 pilots in the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Poland and Spain 150 fleet scans carried out 200 Alternative fuel vehicles procured 1500 relevant stakeholders involved in events 5000 relevant stakeholder informed Deliverables:
    8. 8. Workpackage progress: WP2: Manuals <ul><li>Current status: WP2 rounded off </li></ul><ul><li>Three manuals delivered, Market barriers overview, Incentive systems overview (best practices) </li></ul>Some conclusions - Great deal of market information available – now integrated and customized - Great deal of incentives available – opportunity for procurement model - Limitations in availability AFVs (differences per country) - Chicken-egg problem prominent  focus on fleets logical
    9. 9. Workpackage progress: WP3: Procurement <ul><li>Current status: Rounding off WP3 </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and ecologic tool developed </li></ul><ul><li>In dvt: Set up of a Certification system green vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>In dvt: Greenlease concepts </li></ul>Some conclusions: Tool provides insight for fleet owners Procurement Models: Combinations of (i) type of fleet, (ii) type of fuel, (iii) incentive systems (compensation), (iv) 3 rd party involvement (ownership, exploitation) Certification is important, but requires great efforts GreenLease provides opportunities
    10. 10. Workpackage progress: WP3: Procurement <ul><li>Procurement models- example 1: </li></ul><ul><li>Taxi company with >50 vehicles in fleet </li></ul><ul><li>CNG option  higher initial cost + lower fuel cost </li></ul><ul><li>Financed by third party (ownership) </li></ul><ul><li>Option: Incentive systems – particular lane usage. </li></ul>Procurement models- example 2: Large fleetowner: central operation, city logistics Biofuel interest – but higher costs Compensation through incentive systems: access to city centers + local subsidies Own tank station
    11. 11. Workpackage progress: WP4.1 Nijmegen <ul><li>Status: in progress </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on CNG procurement: buses and cars (200 AFV) </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality as partner </li></ul><ul><li>Several workshops with relevant parties </li></ul><ul><li>Fleet scans with interested fleet owners </li></ul><ul><li>Some conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Condensed knowledge valuable (manuals) for municipalities and stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant to include complete supply chain: </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. bus companies, end users, concession authority </li></ul><ul><li>Integration on public tender process </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality to regional level to increase leverage </li></ul>
    12. 12. Workpackage progress: WP4.2 Greenlease <ul><li>(Green)LEASE : A fixed long-term commitment to rent an asset, e.g. a vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Why is vehicle lease relevant for the AFV market penetration? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main market barriers become irrelevant when leasing those vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full service lease contract, including maintenance & repairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk reduction for customer, with lease company providing the service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leasing cars indirectly stimulates the second hand market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both vehicles as infrastructure can be leased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No initial capital expenditures (but higher lease costs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle availability increased through lease company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of incentives and technology </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Workpackage progress: WP5: Lisbon <ul><li>Current status: In progress </li></ul><ul><li>Municipality of Lisbon fleet </li></ul><ul><li>11 urban transport companies targeted + 3 municipal fleets </li></ul><ul><li>First workshops with stakeholders held </li></ul><ul><li>Some conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Market barriers large: vehicle availability + high costs of fuel </li></ul><ul><li>No infrastructure available  municipality takes the lead </li></ul>
    14. 14. Workpackage progress: WP6: Italy <ul><li>Current status: </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>CNG is well integrated in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Florence is integrated as pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Some conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Political difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>Limited fleet owner interest </li></ul><ul><li>High fuel prices and infrastructure availability </li></ul><ul><li>(success CNG largely explained through lower fuel prices) </li></ul>
    15. 15. Workpackage progress: WP7: Poland <ul><li>Current status: In progress </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on CNG buses </li></ul><ul><li>> 20 bus operators were contacted </li></ul><ul><li>7 letters of intent for AFV procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars held with complete supply chain </li></ul><ul><li>Some conclusions: </li></ul><ul><li>Buses form an attractive AFV market </li></ul><ul><li>Infra, volume, central logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in CNG for lower fuel prices </li></ul>
    16. 16. Workpackage progress: WP8: Valencia <ul><li>Current status: in progress </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chain analysis Valencia region </li></ul><ul><li> identification 200 stakeholders (leasing, fleetowners, car dealers, maintenance services etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on FFV and biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Spain is target market for Ford FFV </li></ul><ul><li>First fleet scans performed </li></ul><ul><li>Some conclusions: </li></ul><ul><li>Local support OEMs of large influence (vehicle availability) </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive systems as cost compensation method envisioned to be crucial </li></ul>
    17. 17. Workpackage progress: WP9 - Evaluation <ul><li>An evaluation of all pilots is taken into account at the end of the project </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the evaluation a last version of manuals will be produced where necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Not applicable at this point. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Workpackage progress: WP10 Dissemination <ul><li>Current status: Up and Running </li></ul><ul><li>Website set up </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars organized in Brussels </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in internationl events (mobility week, fleet forum, other EU projects (e.g. BEST), Green Purchasing Conference) </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings with dissemination partners </li></ul><ul><li>Set up of contact database </li></ul>Some conclusions Large interest to provide information on AFVs Many events Growing interest of end users – but large barriers
    19. 19. Conclusions PROCURA M16 <ul><li>- Despite growing interest, large barriers exist for large-scale AFV procurement </li></ul><ul><li>- Cost of fuels </li></ul><ul><li>- Vehicle availability limited </li></ul><ul><li>- Chicken egg problem: infra-vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>- Limited push and incentives </li></ul><ul><li>- Limited environmental motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Second order barriers: </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd hand market </li></ul><ul><li>repair&maintenance </li></ul>
    20. 20. Conclusions PROCURA M16 <ul><li>Possible strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Tax exemption (e.g Germany-biodiesel, Sweden-ethanol, CNG-Italy) </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale procurement focus </li></ul><ul><li>Buses, large fleets </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border (logistics companies) </li></ul><ul><li>Supply-chain approach </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive systems can compensate, but with limitations </li></ul><ul><li>AFV-mandate for fleet owners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandating a certain percentage for fleet owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn from US example </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Outline for successful GreenLease concepts Deliverable D 3.4 Michaela Mönter NTDA Energía
    22. 22. Greenlease Concept GREENLEASE Reconditioning & second-hand vehicle auctioning Label Fleet Analysis Maintenance & Repairs Fleet Management Green Vehicle Rental Ecodriving
    23. 23. Greenlease concept Fuel saving measures which can be applied by any fleet owner & driver 8 2 3 4 5 6 <ul><li>Reduction of : </li></ul><ul><li>noise </li></ul><ul><li>CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>local air quality pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>number of accidents </li></ul>BASIC ECODRIVING RULES Enhance driver awareness for energy consumption, e.g. no use of air conditioning as a fan Assure that tires have the correct pressure & possibly get low-rolling-resistance (LRR) replacement tires. Stick to moderate speed & drive foresighted to diminish unnecessary braking / sudden acceleration . Drive in high gear & shift soon into next gear to avoid a high engine speed Apply a fuel management programme, e.g. a fleet fuel card Eliminate superfluous weight, e.g. unnecessary things in the trunk 1 Switch of engine, when waiting at a traffic light / railway crossing / picking someone up 7 Schedule maintenance to increase fuel economy due to constant clean air filters, etc.
    24. 24. Procurement Models Michaela Mönter NTDA Energía
    25. 25. Bulk Procurement
    26. 26. Bulk Procurement
    27. 27. Bulk Procurement
    28. 28. AFV-Quick Scan tool
    29. 29. AFV-Quick Scan tool screenshot 1 Country Buttons : By clicking onto country buttons the tool selects pre-set country data for vehicles are (tax, fuel price, etc). In case that the country of interest is not represented, it can be created manually by clicking onto the “Custom” button! Exit Button : Allows user to close the interface Create Vehicle Button : This button allows user to include vehicles currently not inserted in the data base
    30. 30. AFV-Quick Scan tool screenshot 2
    31. 31. Results: province of Gelderland (2) Economics & CO 2 emissions Yearly costs (incl depreciation) Per AFV option (x € 1000,-) CO 2 emissions (ton/year)
    32. 32. Results: province of Gelderland (3) Local air quality PM 10 emissions (kg/year) NO x emissions (kg/year)
    33. 33. AFV-Quick Scan tool <ul><li>Current status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>>40 fleet scan performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly in Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics companies and fleet owners with different size </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For some fleetowners AFVs are attractive economically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxation is leading in economic attractiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Further work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make quick scan tool internationally available (including national taxation schemes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report on type of fleet owners eligible for AFVs </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Contact Information For more information please visit www.procura-fleet.eu or contact: Menno Chang, project coordinator, [email_address] , +31 30 2808 449    Marieke Reijalt, dissemination coordinator, [email_address] , +39 340 791 4751

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