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Essential Elements of a Managed Fall Protection Program

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This webinar provides guidance on the foundational elements of a managed fall protection program. Key topics include evaluation and control of fall hazards and the uses and limitations of equipment.

With something as critical as fall protection, the difference between an effective and an ineffective program can be the difference between life and death.

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Essential Elements of a Managed Fall Protection Program

  1. 1. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF AMANAGED FALL PROTECTION PROGRAM TRACEY RIEPENHOFF, P.E., C.S.P., P.M.P. - PRINCIPAL TRiepenhoff@LJBInc.com; Phone: (419) 225-5995 MARCH 2012
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONTracey Riepenhoff, P.E., C.S.P., P.M.P. > Principal in LJB Safety division > 20 years experience in fall protection industry > Past member: ANSI Z359 Committee > ASSE Top 100 Women in Safety > Frequent speaker at regional and national conferences 2
  3. 3. BOTTOM LINE UPFRONTThe difference between an effective and an ineffective programcan be the difference between life and death. 3
  4. 4. LEARNING OBJECTIVESDiscuss the core elements of a fall protection programApply the Hierarchy of Control when evaluating and controllingfall hazardsList common uses and limitations of PPEIdentify action steps to improve an existing fall protectionprogram 4
  5. 5. CALL TO ACTION1. Evaluate your current practice for fall hazard identification • Existing hazards • Future hazards2. Determine how abatement solutions are selected3. Identify who needs competent person training 5
  6. 6. PROGRAM CORE ELEMENTSManagement leadership and employee participationHazard identification and evaluationHazard abatementTrainingProgram evaluation 6
  7. 7. PROGRAM CORE ELEMENTSManagement leadership and employee participationHazard identification and evaluationHazard abatementTrainingProgram evaluation 7
  8. 8. WHAT DO YOU LOOK FOR?Fall hazard categories> Means of access> Locations> Tasks> Improper use of PPE 8
  9. 9. MEANS OF ACCESS 9
  10. 10. LOCATIONS – ROOF EDGE 10
  11. 11. LOCATIONS – TOP OF TANK 11
  12. 12. TASKS – MEZZANINE GUARDRAILS 12
  13. 13. IMPROPER USE OF PPE 13
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. HAZARD EVALUATIONPrioritize risk Probability > What is the chance you are going to fall? >Frequency >Likelihood of a fall Severity > What will happen to you if you fall? 17
  18. 18. WHERE IS YOUR GREATEST RISK?Risk 123… Hazard Rank …5206 18
  19. 19. WHERE IS YOUR GREATEST RISK? 32% of risk in top 1% of hazardsRisk 77% of risk in top 10% of hazards 98% of risk in top 50% of hazards 123… Hazard Rank …5206 19
  20. 20. PROGRAM CORE ELEMENTSManagement leadership and employee participationHazard identification and evaluationHazard abatementTrainingProgram evaluation 20
  21. 21. HOW DO YOU PICK? HIERARCHY OF CONTROL Elimination Substitution Engineering controlsEffectiveness Administrative controls Personal protective equipment (PPE) Defeatability 21
  22. 22. ELIMINATIONBEFORE AFTER 22
  23. 23. SUBSTITUTIONBEFORE AFTER 23
  24. 24. ENGINEERING CONTROLSGuardrail 24
  25. 25. ABCs (& R) WHEN USING PPEA = AnchorageB = Body supportC = Connecting meansR = Rescue 25
  26. 26. ABCs (& R)Anchorage> Restraint> Positioning> Arrest> Horizontal lifeline> RescueBCR 26
  27. 27. ABCs (& R)AnchorageBody support> Full body harness> Body belts (DO NOT USE!!!)> Weight limitationCR 27
  28. 28. ABCs (& R)AnchorageBody supportConnecting means> Connectors> Lanyards and energy absorbers> Self retracting devices> Vertical systems> Anchorage connectorsR 28
  29. 29. NEW EQUIPMENT STANDARDS1. ANSI Z359.12-2009: connectors2. ANSI Z359.13-2009: energy absorbers and lanyards3. ANSI Z359.14-2012: self-retracting devices4. ANSI Z359.17-20XX: horizontal lifelines5. ANSI Z359.11-20XX: harnesses6. At least three others in coming years.Available from www.asse.org 29
  30. 30. ABCs (& R)AnchorageBody supportConnecting meansRescue> Self-rescue> Assisted rescue (internal)> Assisted rescue (emergency response)> Professional rope access 30
  31. 31. PROMPT RESCUEFactors to consider in planning forresponse > Hanging vertically in a harness can cause loss of consciousness even in the absence of trauma or blood loss > The body’s tolerance to suspension trauma varies from person to person > Rescuing a worker quickly post fall is at least as critical as protecting the worker from a fall From “Does 911 Work for Rescue?” by Robert N. AP Photo by Janet B. Campbell Aguiluz (September 2003) Erie Times-News, 5/25/2004 31
  32. 32. FALL ARREST: RESIDUAL RISKInappropriate anchorageFall distanceSwing fallEquipment malfunction / failureMaximum arrest forcePost-fall suspension timeRescue 32
  33. 33. FALL CLEARANCEFree fall +Deceleration distance +Harness effect +Safety margin 33
  34. 34. SWING FALLAnchorage needs to bemaintained overhead HIMaintain anchorageconnector with 15º overthe location of thedorsal d-ring 34
  35. 35. EQUIPMENT INSPECTIONTypes1. Pre-use: daily when used2. Formal: every 6 to 12 months3. Incident: as part of incident investigation 35
  36. 36. EQUIP. INSPECTION – WEBBING HOLE 36
  37. 37. SYSTEM INSPECTION 37
  38. 38. PROCEDURES 38
  39. 39. PROGRAM CORE ELEMENTSManagement leadership and employee participationHazard identification and evaluationHazard abatementTrainingProgram evaluation 39
  40. 40. PROGRAM ROLES PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR QUALIFIED PERSON Policy development System planning and design System integration Program evaluation COMPETENT PERSON COMPETENT RESCUER System implementation, periodic inspection and useAUTHORIZED PERSON AUTHORIZED PERSON AUTHORIZED AUTHORIZED RESCUER RESCUER System use and daily inspection 40
  41. 41. DO YOU HAVE THESE?Training programs Awareness Authorized person > System-specific Competent person Qualified person Rescue 41
  42. 42. PROGRAM CORE ELEMENTSManagement leadership and employee participationHazard identification and evaluationHazard abatementTrainingProgram evaluation 42
  43. 43. CALL TO ACTION1. Evaluate your current practice for fall hazard identification • Existing hazards • Future hazards2. Determine how abatement solutions are selected3. Identify who needs competent person training 43
  44. 44. THANK YOU FOR JOINING USBlog > LJBfallprotectionblog.comPast webinars > Slideshare.net/kmesserTwitter > @LJBIncYouTube channel > Youtube.com/LJBinc 44

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