Post World War I Chaos
After WWI <ul><li>14 million people dead, 7 million permanently disabled </li></ul><ul><li>600,000 Americans dead from the...
In Europe <ul><li>Politically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchies overthrown in Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Emp...
In the U.S. <ul><li>Politically: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson failed to join League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Econ...
What might happen in the 1920’s? What problems/opportunities might arise?
Prosperity and Intolerance <ul><li>PROSPERITY </li></ul><ul><li>New products </li></ul><ul><li>New industries </li></ul><u...
100% Americanism <ul><li>World War I stirred strong patriotic feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Gave rise to 100% Americanism </l...
The Bolsheviks <ul><li>1917 Bolsheviks revolutionized Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Vladimir Lenin </li></ul></ul><u...
How might Americans react?
U.S. Reaction to Communism <ul><li>Shock and fear </li></ul><ul><li>Fear shifted from Germans to “The Reds” </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Do you think the media had influence? </li></ul>
The Palmer Raids <ul><li>A. Mitchell Palmer - Attorney General  </li></ul><ul><li>Leader in federal government’s anti-comm...
 
Labor Strife <ul><li>In 1919, over 4 million workers involved in 3,000+ labor strikes </li></ul><ul><li>War ended - econom...
Labor Strikes <ul><li>Seattle General Strike, Feb. 6-11, 1919 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations first major general strike </l...
 
<ul><li>Strikes damaged reputations of Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Connection with communism </li></ul><ul><li>Not the time f...
Limiting Immigration <ul><li>Scarce jobs, Red Scare did not favor foreigners in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of nativis...
Limiting Immigration <ul><li>1921 - Fed. Gov. established quotes of immigrants to be allowed into U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>N...
 
 
Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Revival in 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted Jews, Catholics, all types of radicals </li></ul><ul><li...
 
Sacco and Vanzetti <ul><li>Massachusetts court case in 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Italian immigrants, Nicola Sacco and Bar...
 
 
Review <ul><li>What were the causes and effects of the first Red Scare? </li></ul><ul><li>How did labor strife grow during...
For next class… <ul><li>Read up on current events </li></ul><ul><li>Read Chapter 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Briefing to President...
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1920s Postwar Havoc

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1920s Postwar Havoc

  1. 1. Post World War I Chaos
  2. 2. After WWI <ul><li>14 million people dead, 7 million permanently disabled </li></ul><ul><li>600,000 Americans dead from the flu </li></ul><ul><li>War cost $280 billion </li></ul>
  3. 3. In Europe <ul><li>Politically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchies overthrown in Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks rose to power in 1917 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devastated European economies, made US #1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain lost power of world’s financial center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reparations imposed on Germany crippled them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socially </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A whole generation of men died </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culturally: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France was in ruins </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. In the U.S. <ul><li>Politically: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson failed to join League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge increase in demand for consumer goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Led to inflation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers had less demand, big surplus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available jobs attracted African Americans northward </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socially </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women went to work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19th Amendment passed in 1919, ratified 1920 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African American population shift caused uneasy race relations </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What might happen in the 1920’s? What problems/opportunities might arise?
  6. 6. Prosperity and Intolerance <ul><li>PROSPERITY </li></ul><ul><li>New products </li></ul><ul><li>New industries </li></ul><ul><li>New ways of doing business </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded the economy </li></ul><ul><li>INTOLERANCE </li></ul><ul><li>Flu - medical crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced demand in farms and factories </li></ul><ul><li>Returning soldiers struggle to find jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Hatred towards the Germans </li></ul>
  7. 7. 100% Americanism <ul><li>World War I stirred strong patriotic feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Gave rise to 100% Americanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrated all things American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacked foreign ideas and people </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Bolsheviks <ul><li>1917 Bolsheviks revolutionized Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Vladimir Lenin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Established communism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No economic classes, no private property </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Called for the overthrow of capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin predicted workers would rise up and crush capitalism </li></ul>
  9. 9. How might Americans react?
  10. 10. U.S. Reaction to Communism <ul><li>Shock and fear </li></ul><ul><li>Fear shifted from Germans to “The Reds” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Red Scare” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widespread fear of communism gripped the nation </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Do you think the media had influence? </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Palmer Raids <ul><li>A. Mitchell Palmer - Attorney General </li></ul><ul><li>Leader in federal government’s anti-communist campaign </li></ul><ul><li>Led attacks on suspected radicals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Palmer raids” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justified his actions with wartime laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aliens, just belonging to certain groups meant deportation </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested thousands of people in suspected radical groups </li></ul>
  13. 14. Labor Strife <ul><li>In 1919, over 4 million workers involved in 3,000+ labor strikes </li></ul><ul><li>War ended - economy sank </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand declined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurt many industries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers returned to lack of jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High turnover </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Red Scare made people fear that workers would rise up, overthrow the government </li></ul>
  14. 15. Labor Strikes <ul><li>Seattle General Strike, Feb. 6-11, 1919 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations first major general strike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workers of all industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing gained by workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Boston Police Strike, Sept. 9-13, 1919 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Police force went on strike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Governor Calvin Coolidge brought in state militia to end the strike </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing gained </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>United Mine Workers Strike, Sept. 1919 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very few gains </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Strikes damaged reputations of Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Connection with communism </li></ul><ul><li>Not the time for laborers to advance their cause </li></ul>
  16. 18. Limiting Immigration <ul><li>Scarce jobs, Red Scare did not favor foreigners in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of nativism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distrust of foreigners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clash between earlier immigrants and newer ones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nativists were often Protestants from N and W Europe immigrated pre-1900 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New immigrants often Jews, Catholics from S and E Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Citizens, laborers favored restrictions </li></ul>
  17. 19. Limiting Immigration <ul><li>1921 - Fed. Gov. established quotes of immigrants to be allowed into U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>National Origins Act - 1924 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set quotas for each country at 2% of the number of people from that country who lived in the U.S. in 1890 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge limitations on E and S Europeans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost all immigration from Asian countries </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Revival in 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted Jews, Catholics, all types of radicals </li></ul><ul><li>“ Native white, Protestant supremacy” </li></ul><ul><li>Moved beyond the south </li></ul>
  19. 24. Sacco and Vanzetti <ul><li>Massachusetts court case in 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Two Italian immigrants, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, arrested for armed robbery and murder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self proclaimed anarchists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very little evidence against them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On trial for political beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Convicted, sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><li>Executed in 1927 </li></ul>
  20. 27. Review <ul><li>What were the causes and effects of the first Red Scare? </li></ul><ul><li>How did labor strife grow during postwar years? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the U.S. limit immigration after WWI? </li></ul>
  21. 28. For next class… <ul><li>Read up on current events </li></ul><ul><li>Read Chapter 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Briefing to President Harding </li></ul>

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