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New Deal Ppt


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FDR's New Deal and the Great Depression

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New Deal Ppt

  1. 1. The Great Depression and FDR’s ‘New Deal’ <ul><li>by Alexa Schubert </li></ul>Contents
  2. 2. The Great Depression and the ‘New Deal’ <ul><li>The Stock Market Crash </li></ul><ul><li>Bank Runs </li></ul><ul><li>The Depression Sets in </li></ul><ul><li>Dust Bowl </li></ul><ul><li>FDR’s Vision </li></ul><ul><li>The First Round of The New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>AAA </li></ul><ul><li>The Second Round of Programs </li></ul><ul><li>WPA </li></ul><ul><li>CCC </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Effects of the New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Map </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Stock Market Crash <ul><li>After rapid rising in the share prices in the months leading up to the crash, investors got nervous. On Monday, October 28, 1929 (Also known as ‘Black Monday’) investors began to sell their stocks in record numbers. This caused the rapid decline in share prices. </li></ul>Quit Click to View a Video on The Stock Market Crash
  4. 4. Bank Runs <ul><li>Bank Runs-Investors in banks began worried when people began defaulting on their loans en-mass. These investors ‘ran’ to the banks and demanded to withdraw their money. </li></ul><ul><li>This eventually forced banks to foreclose on thousands of homes when people could not repay their loans. </li></ul>Quit
  5. 5. The Depression Sets In <ul><li>1/4 of the American workforce was unemployed (15 million people) </li></ul><ul><li>In rural areas in America prices for crops fell 40-60% and forced many farmers off their land </li></ul><ul><li>Not only did the depression affect American’s but it spread to Europe and eventually led to a collapse in the global economy </li></ul>Quit
  6. 6. Dust Bowl <ul><li>Series of Dust storms (1930-36) in the plains states resulting from sever drought and many years of over farming in the region </li></ul><ul><li>These storms forced people to move west, to California, a migration captured in John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath </li></ul>Quit
  7. 7. FDR’s Vision <ul><li>Inaugurated in 1933-Franklin D. Roosevelt campaigned on the premise that he would reform the economic situation in America. </li></ul><ul><li>In is inauguration he asked for wide-sweeping executive power. </li></ul><ul><li>In his ‘first hundred days’ he implemented many new reforms </li></ul>Quit Click to View a Video on FDR’s Vision
  8. 8. The First Round of New Deal Programs <ul><li>1933-aim was to provide short-term relief. </li></ul><ul><li>These reforms were wide-sweeping and meant to reach all areas of society </li></ul><ul><li>Created the AAA </li></ul><ul><li>Economy Act cut government pay and pensions </li></ul>Quit
  9. 9. AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Administration) (Agricultural Adjustment Administration) <ul><li>Reduced the amount of crops grown through “domestic allotment” </li></ul><ul><li>Limited the production of: Corn, Cotton, Hogs, Dairy, Rice, Tobacco, and wheat </li></ul><ul><li>To supplement farmer’s income, the government paid farmers for the land they allowed to lay fallow </li></ul>Quit Was the AAA Constitutional?
  10. 10. Constitutionality <ul><li>The AAA provided relief in the agricultural sector. It started a trend toward the federal governments’ involvement in the agricultural sector </li></ul><ul><li>In 1936, concerns about the constitutionality of these programs </li></ul><ul><li>The AAA was ruled as unconstitutional: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;a statutory plan to regulate and control agricultural production, [is] a matter beyond the powers delegated to the federal government...” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The AAA was replaced with other programs that were deemed constitutionally sound </li></ul>Quit Return to AAA
  11. 11. The Second Round of New Deal Programs <ul><li>Took place in the period 1935–36 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal was to redistribute power away from the large corporations </li></ul><ul><li>Giving more power to farmers, coal workers, and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)-created the Works progress Administration and employed many in low-skill labor </li></ul><ul><li>The Second round of The New Deal also created the Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security gave pensions, unemployment insurance, and befits to the disabled </li></ul>Quit
  12. 12. WPA Works Progress Administration Works Progress Administration <ul><li>Aim: To put people back to work </li></ul><ul><li>How the WPA did this: aimed to employ workers who lost their jobs during the depression </li></ul><ul><li>At it’s height the WPA employed over 3.3 million Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs included everything from building bridges and parks to taking photographs and collecting stories of the depression. </li></ul>Quit
  13. 13. CCC <ul><li>Workers, almost all men, lived in army style camps and worked mostly outdoors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employed over 3 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The workers then sent back most of the wages earned to their families to support them. </li></ul><ul><li>The CCC workers planted trees, cleared forests, and constructed roads. </li></ul>Quit
  14. 14. Lasting Effects of The New Deal <ul><li>While programs like the CCC and AAA were cancelled during the depression or shortly after, others continue today in one form or another. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security benefits for retired people, welfare, and medicare benefits all continue today. </li></ul>Quit
  15. 15. Stock Market Crash Return to Stock Market Crash
  16. 16. FDR’s Vision Return to FDR’s Vision
  17. 17. Concept Map Quit
  18. 18. Resources <ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Modern American Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>PBS </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Quit