Rome Legacy

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  • Romans freely borrowed and changed various elements of different cultures. Last time we talked about how diverse Rome, today we will find out how they all combined into one. And how they left their imprint on the world. The biggest influence on Rome came from none other than Greece! Rome certainly defined their own way of governing, but they borrowed the Greeks leadership in art, architecture, literature and philosophy. In 146 B.C. Rome conquered Greece. But Horace, who was a Roman poet said that, “Greece, once overcame, overcame her wild conquerer.” Romans admired Greek culture. Wealthy Romans learned Greek language for example. It was highly praised. The blending on Hellenistic, Greek and Roman cutlure became known as Greco-Roman culture or classical civilizations.
  • Rome Legacy

    1. 1. Cultural Blending <ul><li>Roman Empire tied hundreds of territories together </li></ul><ul><li>146 B.C. Rome conquered Greece </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopted Greek ways </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greek, Hellenistic & Roman culture combined into Greco-Roman culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka classical civilization </li></ul></ul>Rome Greece
    2. 2. Adapting Greek Ways <ul><li>Took Greek and Hellenistic models & made them their own </li></ul><ul><li>Roman art and literature began representing the ideals of: </li></ul><ul><li>STRENGTH </li></ul><ul><li>PERMANENCE </li></ul><ul><li>SOLIDITY </li></ul>
    3. 3. Fine Arts - Sculpture <ul><li>Realistic </li></ul><ul><li>Made of stone </li></ul><ul><li>Practical purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Intended for educating </li></ul><ul><li>Developed bas-relief sculpture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Images projecting from flat background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects: landscapes, crowds, battle scenes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Told stories </li></ul></ul>
    4. 6. Fine Arts - Mosaics <ul><li>Designs or pictures made by setting small pieces of stone, glass or tile onto a surface </li></ul><ul><li>Common in wealthy Roman homes </li></ul>
    5. 7. Fine Arts - Painting <ul><li>Frescoes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large murals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Painted on plaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colorful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very few surviving paintings </li></ul><ul><li>Most remaining found in Pompeii </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserved by ash from Mt. Vesuvius eruption </li></ul></ul>
    6. 9. Philosophy and Literature <ul><li>Adopted much of Greek philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Stoicism popular because of its emphasis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endurance </li></ul></ul>
    7. 10. Literature <ul><li>Followed Greek literary forms and models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: epic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used own themes and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Ovid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light, funny poet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written for enjoyment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virgil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote the Aeneid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeled off Homer’s epics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Praised Roman virtues and government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seriousness of Roman character </li></ul></ul>
    8. 12. Historians <ul><li>Livy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote multivolume history of Rome from its beginning to 9 B.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporated legends, created national myth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tacitus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famous for presenting facts accurately </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote about the good and bad in the Roman Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticized immoral leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Nero </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 13. Rome’s Lasting Legacy <ul><li>Language = Latin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official language of Roman Catholic Church til 20th century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian derived from Latin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Roman ce languages” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 14. Architecture <ul><li>Architectural marvel </li></ul><ul><li>Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Domes </li></ul><ul><li>Built w/ concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Used arches to support bridges and aquaducts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquaducts = carried water </li></ul></ul>
    11. 21. Roman System of Law <ul><li>Most widespread, lasting contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Romans came to believe laws should be fair & equal to all (rich and poor) </li></ul><ul><li>Judges began to recognize set standards for justice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by Stoicism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on common sense </li></ul></ul>
    12. 22. Roman System of Law <ul><li>Most important principals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All have right to equal treatment under law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innocent until proven guilty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuser must provide proof, not the accused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People should only be punishable for actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not thoughts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unreasonable, extremely unfair laws can be set aside </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Basis of legal systems in Europe, USA, etc. </li></ul>
    13. 23. Rome’s Lasting Influence <ul><li>Continued, added Greek civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Strong cultural tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Left an enduring legacy even after fall of Rome </li></ul>
    14. 24. For Next Class… <ul><li>Benchmark Review Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Terms DUE </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm for “When in Rome” project </li></ul>

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