The Second New Deal The New Deal 1933-1940
Questions of the Day <ul><li>What were the key programs in the Second Hundred Days? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Social ...
The Second Hundred Days <ul><li>Elections of 1934 led to 3/4 of Congress = Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Courts kept finding...
The Second New Deal <ul><li>Spring 1935 - Roosevelt launched the  Second New Deal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During period call...
Works Progress Administration <ul><li>Roosevelt believed people should work for pay instead of getting direct relief payme...
Social Security <ul><li>August 1935 passed Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a pension (guaranteed, regula...
Social Security <ul><li>Response to critics that wanted help for older Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Passed new taxes to fun...
Reviving Organized Labor <ul><li>NIRA moved organized labor forward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed to form unions, bargain ...
The Wagner Act <ul><li>Roosevelt threw support to the Wagner Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka National Labor Relations Act </...
AFL vs. CIO <ul><li>American Federation of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of smaller unions made up of skilled workers...
GM Sit-Down Strike <ul><li>1936 - United Auto Workers (part of CIO) launch sit-down strike at GM plant in Flint, MI </li><...
GM Sit-Down Strike <ul><li>State government refused to help </li></ul><ul><li>GM tried shutting off heat/water and cutting...
For Next Class…
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Second New Deal

1,969 views

Published on

Published in: Career, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,969
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
27
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Second New Deal

    1. 1. The Second New Deal The New Deal 1933-1940
    2. 2. Questions of the Day <ul><li>What were the key programs in the Second Hundred Days? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Social Security Act provide? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might critics of the first New Deal have favored the Second New Deal? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the National Labor Relations Board empowered to do? </li></ul><ul><li>What advantage did a sit-down strike have over a traditional strike? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the major differences between the AFL and the CIO? </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Second Hundred Days <ul><li>Elections of 1934 led to 3/4 of Congress = Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Courts kept finding parts of New Deal unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Economy wasn’t recovering </li></ul><ul><li>People wanted more </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Second New Deal <ul><li>Spring 1935 - Roosevelt launched the Second New Deal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During period called Second Hundred Days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended government oversight of banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised taxes on the wealthy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funded new relief programs </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Works Progress Administration <ul><li>Roosevelt believed people should work for pay instead of getting direct relief payments </li></ul><ul><li>1935 - Created Work Progress Administration (WPA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest peacetime jobs program in US history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employed 3.4 million formerly jobless Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers built roads, subways, airports, zoos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even funded artists, writers, actors, composers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Earning a paycheck vs. getting a handout lifted people’s spirits </li></ul>
    6. 6. Social Security <ul><li>August 1935 passed Social Security Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a pension (guaranteed, regular payments) for people 65 and older </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retired workers didn’t have to fear hunger, homelessness if they were too old to work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided unemployment insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gave people who lost their jobs financial support while they looked for new work </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Social Security <ul><li>Response to critics that wanted help for older Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Passed new taxes to fund the program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxed both workers and employers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t want to increase taxes too much, so many people were left out </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Reviving Organized Labor <ul><li>NIRA moved organized labor forward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed to form unions, bargain collectively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many businesses ignored the new rights of laborers </li></ul><ul><li>Unions lost numerous strikes in 1934 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor related violence increased </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NIRA weakened in Schechter vs. U.S. </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Wagner Act <ul><li>Roosevelt threw support to the Wagner Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka National Labor Relations Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed anti-labor practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established National Labor Relations Board (NLBR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could conduct voting in workplaces to determine whether employees wanted union representation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could require businesses to accept voting results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Organized labor membership soared </li></ul>
    10. 10. AFL vs. CIO <ul><li>American Federation of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of smaller unions made up of skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>Organized by their specific craft </li></ul><ul><li>Looked down on unskilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>Committee for Industrial Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Started by John L. Lewis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broke away from AFL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiery speaker, organizer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Largely made up of unskilled workers </li></ul>
    11. 11. GM Sit-Down Strike <ul><li>1936 - United Auto Workers (part of CIO) launch sit-down strike at GM plant in Flint, MI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers required to stay day and night inside the factory until dispute is resolved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why is this more difficult to deal with: </li></ul>
    12. 12. GM Sit-Down Strike <ul><li>State government refused to help </li></ul><ul><li>GM tried shutting off heat/water and cutting off food supply </li></ul><ul><li>Shutdown cost GM millions per week in sales </li></ul><ul><li>Workers prevailed & after 6 weeks, GM gave in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge victory for labor and CIO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognized CIO as major force in organized labor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unions continued to grow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1940, 1/4 of American workforce belonged to unions </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. For Next Class…

    ×