Social Changes In Europe

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  • Social Changes In Europe

    1. 1. The Formation of Western Europe 800-1500 Part 1: Social Changes in Europe
    2. 4. Urban Life Flourishes <ul><li>1000-1150 population in W. Europe increased from 30 million to 42 million </li></ul><ul><li>Towns were small, but a powerful force </li></ul><ul><li>The excitement of trade drew people to towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages: economic, social opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: dirty, dangerous, crowded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feudal lords tried to tax and govern towns, causing resentment </li></ul><ul><li>Towns are taken over by burghers —town merchants </li></ul>
    3. 5. The Revival of Learning <ul><li>Christian scholars read translations of Greek works written in Arabic by Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Crusaders return with Muslim knowledge of navigation, ships, weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Groups of scholars gather to teach/learn; form universities </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of written works in vernacular - everyday language </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dante - The Divine Comedy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chaucer - The Canterbury Tales </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Brought literature to many people </li></ul>
    4. 6. Medieval Philosophy <ul><li>Thomas Aquinas , a religious scholar, mixes ancient Greek and Christian thought </li></ul><ul><li>He is a scholastic —university man; debates issues to increase knowledge </li></ul>

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