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Simple past (2)


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Simple past (2)

  1. 1. The 'Past Simple' (or Past Simple), is used to talk about past actions, who have completed at some specific time in the past. The following examples will be used in the explanation. We use two examples to check for changes in the third person singular.
  2. 2. WHAT IT IS? This tense is used to talk about actions that occurred or were completed in the past. In addition, time is often indicated or at least the context intuit HOW TO FORM? It forms the base form of the verb by adding the ending '_Ed'. When we talk about how we refer to the infinitive basis without the preposition 'to', ie the verb 'to watch' the base form would 'watch', and the way past would be 'watched'.
  3. 3. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE The simple past expresses a one-time completed past event. “Regular” verbs form their past tense by adding ED to the infinitive: Work – Worked When a verb ends in Y after a consonant, change the Y to I before adding ED: Try – Tried When a verb ends in E add only D: Share – Shared When a one-syllable verb has one vowel and ends in a single consonant (excepting C, W, X or Y), this consonant is doubled before adding ED:
  4. 4. Dig – Digged C ending verbs add K before ED: Traffic – Trafficked When a verb of two or more syllables ends in a single consonant, by a single vowel, the final consonant is doubled if the stress falls on the last syllable: Submit – Submitted But if the last syllable is unstressed, the final consonant, is not doubled: Listen – Listened However, in british english, L in this position is doubled: Travel - Travelled
  5. 5. Past simple of the verb "To be" The simple past of the verb "To be" (to be) is formed by changing the forms "am" and "is" for "was" and with "were". affirmative I was Negative I was not interrogative was I ? You were You were not He was he was not was he ? She was she was not was she ? It was were you ? It was not was It ? We were We were not were we ? You were You were not were you ? They were they were not were they ?
  6. 6. Past simple of the verb "To be" Example He was my friend when I was twelve years old I wasn't at school at half-past eleven Were they at home yesterday? Finally, say that contracted negative forms are was not → wasn't were not → weren't The so formed as follows I He She we = was you =were they
  7. 7. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE NEGATIVE The negative is formed with did (didn’t) and the infinitive (without to) EXAMPLE: Mr. Stevens didn’t like London I did not sing yo no canté he did not sing él no cantó not
  9. 9. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE INTERROGATIVE To build the query using the auxiliary verb to do in the past (did). ITS STRUCTURE IS: Did + Subject + Infinitive (without to) Did He Like London?
  10. 10. IRREGULAR VERBS Para los verbos irregulares hay que memorizar su forma de pasado y de participio. Os mostramos un par de ejemplos de verbos irregulares: Verbo Pasado to go went to buy bought to have had to be was/were I went to the University of Oxford Fui a la universidad de Oxford Significado ir comprar tener ser o estar