baseform+ ed = simplepastwalk walkedpush pushedgreet greetedcover coveredThe simple past is used to describe an action that occurred and was completed in the past.For regular verbs, the simple past is formed by adding -ed to the base form of the verb (infinitive without to).
Singular pluralWe worked yesterday.1st per I worked yesterday2nd per You worked yesterday You worked yesterday.3rd per He, She,Itworked yesterday. They worked yesterday.The simple past tense of all regular verbs is the same for all persons.
baseformsimplepasthate hatedseize seizedhope hopedassume assumedtie tiedfree freedFor regular verbs ending in the vowel -e, add -d.
baseformsimplepastski skiedecho echoedFor the very few English verbs that end in a vowelother than -e, add -ed.
baseformsimplepastplay playeddecay decayedsurvey surveyedenjoy enjoyedFor regular verbs that end in a vowel+y, add -ed.
baseformsimplepastcry crieddirty dirtiedready readiedmagnify magnifiedExceptions: The verbs SAY and BUY are irregular: see below.For regular verbs that end in a consonant+y, change the -y to -i and add -ed.
baseformsimplepastdam dammedbeg beggedsin sinnedstop stoppedrub rubbedFor regular verbs ending in short vowel sounds followed by a consonant, double the finalconsonant before adding -ed.
baseformincorrectsimplepastdefer defered deferredregret regreted regrettedreship reshiped reshippedcompel compeled compelledWhen the regular verb has more than one syllable, in American English the finalconsonant is doubled when the syllable stress is on the final syllable.
In these words, the syllable stress is not on the final syllable, so the consonant is notdoubled.
simple present simple pastI walk to school. I walked to school.She works downtown. She worked downtown.They help on Tuesday. They helped on Tuesday.He asks a lot of questions. He asked a lot of questions.Here are examples with regular verbs in the simple past.
baseformsimplepastbuy boughtdo didfly flewforget forgotlight litgo wentsay saidIrregular verbs do not form the past tense by adding -ed. Irregular verbs form the pasttense by a change in spelling.
Put the sentences into simple past.1. We move to a new house. →2. They bring a sandwich. →3. He doesnt do the homework. →4. They sell cars. →5. Does he visit his friends? →Write sentences in simple past.1. Janet / miss / the bus →2. she / tidy / her room →3. Nancy / watch / not / television→4. she / read / a book →
Choose"Was“or"Were“:1. Theteacher nice.2. Thestudents veryclever.3. Butonestudent introuble.4. We sorryforhim.5. He nicethough.