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Reading avoidance

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Work in progress on "reading avoidance".

Goal is to present use cases at Beyond the PDF: https://sites.google.com/site/beyondthepdf/workshop-papers/supporting-reading

Draws inspiration from Renear & Palmer. 2009. “Strategic Reading, Ontologies, and the Future of Scientific Publishing.” Science 325:828-832.

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Version 2, 2011-01-19: Added link to Renear's RUSA presentation on slide 20: http://people.lis.illinois.edu/~renear/renearRUSA07.pdf

    Fixed spacing in references on slides 19-20
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Reading avoidance

  1. 1. Reading Avoidance<br />Jodi Schneider<br />Work in Progress presentation DERI Social Software Unit<br />2010-12-17<br />
  2. 2. slide credit: Geoffrey Bilder<br />
  3. 3. Context: “Beyond the PDF” workshop<br />My goal: Provide use cases, drawing from library & information science research findings (What do we know about how scientists read?) and existing or needed ontologies<br />Workshop Goal: Move “beyond the PDF” with better integration between papers & data<br />Identify a set of requirements<br />A group of willing participants to develop open source code to accelerate knowledge sharing<br />
  4. 4. Kinds of Reading (my theory)<br />“Active Reading”<br />purposeful often non-linear reading, often accompanied by skimming, scanning, highlighting, and note-taking<br />“Just-in-time” Reading<br />delving into the literature at the end-stages of the writing process, to scan for omitted literature or new findings<br /> "Reading Avoidance”<br />assessing and exploiting content with as little actual reading as possible.<br />
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  6. 6. slide credit: Carol Tenopir<br />
  7. 7. slide credit: Carol Tenopir<br />
  8. 8. Freeing our time for new tasks!<br />Eisenstein, E. L. (1979). The printing press as an agent of change: communications and cultural transformations in early modern Europe. Cambridge University Press.<br />
  9. 9. slide credit: Geoffrey Bilder<br />
  10. 10. “In fact, researchers may be practicing active reading avoidance. <br /> (Palmer, 2007; Renear, 2006, 2007)<br /> Researchers are rapidly navigating through more material, spending less and less time with each item, and attempting to assess and exploit content with as little actual reading as possible.”<br />
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  12. 12.
  13. 13. Intensification of longstanding practices<br />Indexing and citations help us decide whether or not articles are relevant … without reading them.<br />Abstracts and literature reviews help us take advantage of articles … without reading them.<br />The articles we do read provide summaries and discussions that help us take advantage of other articles… without reading them.<br />Colleagues, and graduate students, help us learn about and understand articles… without reading them.<br />And the apparatus (tables of contents, references, figures, etc.), distinctive formatting of text components (such as lists, equations, scientific names, etc.), help us exploit articles … without reading them. <br />Slide Credit: Carole Palmer<br />
  14. 14. But researchers do “read”, in many different ways<br />probing in new areas conference lurking to web exploration<br />learning textbook-like explanations<br />positioning directed searching of topic<br />competing directed searching of people<br />scanning, stay aware reviews to alerting services & blogs<br />rereading personal collections<br />reading around following leads to thematic collections<br />Slide Credit: Carole Palmer<br />
  15. 15. Other uses of the literature are equally important<br />consulting - experimental resource to identify<br />protocols<br />instrumentation<br />comparative results <br />compiling – customized personal collections<br />laptops full of PDFs<br />extracting – core knowledge base <br />“facts” for ontology development<br />building - source for database enrichment<br />annotation, evidence <br />Slide Credit: Carole Palmer<br />
  16. 16. Death by Tabs (Not good for reading)<br />
  17. 17. Fundamental papers<br />Renear, Allen H., and Carole L. Palmer. 2009. “Strategic Reading, Ontologies, and the Future of Scientific Publishing.” Science 325:828-832. doi:10.1126/science.1157784(Open access ISWC 2009 workshop paper:http://esw.w3.org/images/c/ce/HCLS$$ISWC2009$$Workshop$Renear.pdf )<br />Tenopir, Carol, Donald W. King, Sheri Edwards, and Lei Wu. 2009. “Electronic journals and changes in scholarly article seeking and reading patterns.” Aslib Proceedings 61:5-32. doi:10.1108/00012530910932267<br />
  18. 18. Paper screenshots<br />Swanson, D. R. (1986). Undiscovered Public Knowledge. The Library Quarterly, 56(2), 103-118.  http://www.jstor.org/stable/4307965<br />XiaohuaHu, Guangrong Li, Yoo, I., Xiaodan Zhang, & XuhengXu. (2005). A semantic-based approach for mining undiscovered public knowledge from biomedical literature. In Granular Computing, 2005 IEEE International Conference. doi:10.1109/GRC.2005.1547229<br />
  19. 19. Slide Credits<br />Geoffrey Bilder. “Social Media and Scholarly Communication”. ISMTE 2010 Oct 19, Oxford, UKhttp://www.slideshare.net/CrossRef/social-media-and-scholarly-communication<br />James Evans, Carol Tenopir. “Electronic Publication: The Narrowing of Science and Scholarship?” 11th Fiesole Collection Development Retreat, Glasgow, Scotland, July 23-25, 2009 via http://digital.casalini.it/retreat/retreat_2009.html<br />Carol Palmer. “Research Practice and Research Libraries: Working toward High-Impact Information Services” http://www.oclc.org/programsandresearch/dss/ppt/dss_palmer.ppt OCLC, Dublin, Ohio, June 19, 2008<br />
  20. 20. Other related presentations<br />Palmer, Carole L. (2007). “Adapting digital information to scientific practices”. International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers STM Spring Conference: The Next Generation: Endless Choices & Economic Constraints. Cambridge, MA, 24-26 April 2007. http://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/700/palmer-stm-final5-07.ppt.pdf?sequence=3<br />Renear, A.H. (2007). “How we will [^won’t] read in 2017”. Time Odyssey: Visions of Reference and User Services RUSA President's Program American Library Association Washington DC, June 25th, 2007, revised August 13, 2007.http://people.lis.illinois.edu/~renear/renearRUSA07.pdf<br />Renear, A. H. (2007).” Standard domain ontologies: The rate limiting step for the "Next Big Change" in scientific communication”. The 233rd American Chemical Society National Meeting, Chicago, IL, 25-29 March, 2007. https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/9258/acs07stmFinal.pdf?sequence=2<br />Renear, A. H. (2006). “Ontologies and STM publishing”. STM Innovations, London, UK, 1 December, 2006. https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/9259/stm06Final.pdf?sequence=2<br />

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