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Using information


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Using information

  1. 1. Informationsearching toolsUsing Information-Copyright, Avoiding Plagiarism,Citing/Referencing
  2. 2. Copyright• What does copyright mean? – ”Legal right for the originator alone to decide about how his/her work should be used both in financial and non- profit respect. (Nationalencyklopedin)• What law regulates copyright? – Law about copyright for literary and artistic work (SFS 1960:729)
  3. 3. What is protected & for how long?• §1 Literary work; fiction or descriptive […], spoken or written, i.e. scientific literature, handbooks, lectures and computer programs. Artistic work; music, film, photographs, etc.• §9 Copyright does not apply for statutes, resolutions and statements from authorities and translations of these works.• §43 Copyright is valid 70 years after the originator’s death.• ”Verkshöjd” – originality of the work
  4. 4. Plagiarism– what is it and how can I avoid it?• What is plagiarism? – Definition – ”Plagiarism is passing off someone else’s work, whether intentionally or unintentionally, as your own for your own benefit” (Carroll, 2002, p. 9).
  5. 5. Plagiarism or acceptable?1. Paying someone to write up your project after you collected and analysed all the data2. Downloading a text from the Web, making no changes, adding your name, then handing it in3. Paraphrasing [i.e. writing a new version in your own words] from a book. Putting the name of the text in the reference list at the end. No special marking of the ideas in the text itself.
  6. 6. Plagiarism? Acceptable?4. Copying three paragraphs from a textbook into your assignment. No ”…” marks used.5. Finding someone who says exactly what you wanted to say in your essay. Putting it in. Writing a statement about the copied section (’I agree with what Brown says about this…’) Cases from Jude Carroll, based on Franklyn-Stokes, and Newstead (1995), Studies in Higher Education 20:2
  7. 7. What is a plagiarism detection service?• Plagiarism detection services compare students texts with information from the Internet and databases of previously submitted essays to see if whole or parts of the essay is plagiarized.• Several different plagiarism detection services are used at Swedish universities.
  8. 8. What happens if you plagiarize? – §1 Disciplinary measures may be taken against students who “with illicit aids or in another way try to mislead at examinations or when a study performance should be assessed”. – §2 The disciplinary measures are warning and suspension.
  9. 9. Citing/referencing – why, what and how?
  10. 10. Why should you write references?• Show academic integrity• Avoid plagiarism• Provide foundation for assessment• “If I have seen further it is only by standing on the shoulders of giants.” - Isaac Newton
  11. 11. Quoting or paraphrasing?• Quote: word for word• Paraphrase: to summarize in your own words”According to….”, ”X argues that…”Add a reference!
  12. 12. When do you need to write references?• Direct quotes, paraphrasing and summaries of other peoples ideas• Statements which can be argued for and against• Statistics, tables, etc.• Quote:• Paraphrase:
  13. 13. What do you not need to write references for?• Common knowledge – something which is known to a great number of readers or is commonly accepted as a fact• Facts that are widely available in dictionaries, encyclopaedias, text books• Your own ideas, discoveries and words
  14. 14. How do you write references?• There are many different styles for referencing, among the most commonly used are Harvard, APA, MLA & IEEE.• Several different referencing styles are often used at the same university.• Most important is to keep to one system consistently in a text and to follow the style guide carefully.
  15. 15. ReferencesIEEE Style
  16. 16. Template• Preparation of Papers for IEEE Transactions and Journals• Document available at• Find it in It’s Learning• Follow the template• Be consistent• IEEE Editorial Style Manual
  17. 17. Using the template• Decide what type of material your document is – journal article, conference article, report…• Is it print or electronic material?• Find reference examples in the template• Write your reference in the same format
  18. 18. IEEE style references• Some examples….
  19. 19. References…In the text: Optimizing the performance of a network implies taking control over how individual flows are allocated to paths in the network. This is the problem of QoS routing [3].In the list of references:[3] Z. Wang, Internet QoS: Architectures and Mechanisms for Quality of Service. San Francisco, CA, USA: Morgan Kaufman Publishers, 2000
  20. 20. Journal article (print)[1] J. K. Author, “Name of paper,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, year.[12] R. W. Lucky, “Automatic equalization for digital communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 547–588, Apr. 1965.
  21. 21. Conference article/paper[1] J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” in Unabbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State (if given), year, pp. xxx- xxx.[2] S. P. Bingulac, “On the compatibility of adaptive controllers,” in Proc. 4th Annu. Allerton Conf. Circuit and System Theory, New York, 1994, pp. 8–16.
  22. 22. Online reference - article[1] J. K. Author. (year, month). Title. Journal [Type of medium]. volume(issue), paging if given. Available: [URL].[2] R. J. Vidmar. (1992, Aug.) On the use of atmospheric plasmas as electromagnetic reflectors. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. [Online]. 21(3), pp. 876– 880. Available: vidmar
  23. 23. Book/chapter[1] J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, Country if not USA: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx– xxx.[1] B. Klaus and P. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.[2] G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics (Book style with paper title and editor),” in Plastics, 2nd ed. vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64.
  24. 24. Dissertation (Ph.D.)[2] J. K. Author, “Title of dissertation,” Ph.D. dissertation, Abbrev. Dept., Abbrev. Univ., City of Univ., Abbrev. State, year.[1] J. Chen, ”An intelligent multi sensor system for a human activities space”, Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Blekinge Inst. of Technol., Sweden, 2011.
  25. 25. Online source – web site[1] K. Hirata, ”Elementary knowledge of metalworking” [Online]. Available: ork/index_e.html [Accessed: 2011-09-06]
  26. 26. Reference Management – software examples EndNoteWeb (light version, available BTH) Zotero (Firefox, download free) Mendeley (web based) (See Write & Present on library web pages)