Open Access to Science: a practical Institutional Repository perspective

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Open Access to Science: a practical Institutional Repository perspective

  1. 1. Open Access to Science: a practical Institutional Repository perspective 6th CALSI Workshop Polytechnic University of Valencia Valencia, Spain 14-16 November 2007 Dr Jessie M.N. Hey Intelligence, Agents and Multimedia Group Learning Societies Lab School of Electronics and Computer Science University of Southampton, UK http://eprints.soton.ac.uk
  2. 2. From Southampton to sunny Valencia on the Med
  3. 3. Southampton – also a port
  4. 4. Valencia Workshop
  5. 5. University of Southampton - Computer Science influences <ul><li>Professors include: </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. Stevan Harnad </li></ul><ul><li>Visionary and tireless archivangelist </li></ul><ul><li>of Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration behind the first software for </li></ul><ul><li>departmental and institutional repositories (EPrints) </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. Sir Tim Berners-Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Also Founding Director of the Web Science Research Initiative - subject of his inaugural lecture 14 th March 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Among a distinguished group of knowledge, </li></ul><ul><li>multimedia and Semantic Web scientists </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Science? <ul><li>Useful to think broadly for this purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>Including engineering, arts and scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>“ Science” is the activity of researchers and scientists in universities and research institutions throughout Europe and the world, all of whom are concerned with novel insights and creating new knowledge </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Open Access? <ul><li>Open Access brings us free online access to peer-reviewed research </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially including 2.5 million articles a year from 25,000 journals </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures ideas and results are taken up by as many other researchers as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Budapest Open Access Initiative 6 years ago </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are Institutional Repositories (IRs)? <ul><li>Institutional Repositories curate and showcase the intellectual output of the institution </li></ul><ul><li>Broader, in principle, than the Open Access vision </li></ul><ul><li>Also include potentially conference papers, theses, reports, working papers, presentations, posters, multimedia outputs, data, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts explored in the TARDis project </li></ul><ul><li>Simpson, Pauline and Hey, Jessie M.N. (2005) Institutional e-Print repositories for research visibility. In, Drake, Miriam (ed.) Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science 2nd ed. USA, Dekker. http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/9057/ </li></ul>
  9. 9. Research is global We recently had a workshop thinking far ahead to the Global Research Library 2020 Willows Lodge Workshop Woodinville, Washington, USA 30 Sept – 2 nd Oct 2007 http://www.lib.washington.edu/grl2020/
  10. 10. We anticipate profound changes in science (becoming e-science or more broadly e-research) and in library community roles <ul><li>See for example: </li></ul><ul><li>Towards 2020 Science ed. Stephen Emmott, Microsoft Research Ltd 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>http://research.microsoft.com/towards2020science/downloads.htm </li></ul><ul><li>e-Science and Its Implications for the Library Community Tony Hey and Jessie Hey 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00009155/ </li></ul>
  11. 11. A telling view from a global researcher <ul><li>Ann Marie Kimball, Professor, Epidemiology, University of Washington and Director, Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Emerging Infections Network (APEC EINET) </li></ul><ul><li>A Grand Challenge to Information Systems: Success in Infectious Disease Control in the Asia Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.washington.edu/grl2020/presentations.html </li></ul><ul><li>.........Open Access is vital to speed of reaction </li></ul>
  12. 12. Workshop followed by the Microsoft Library Summit 2007 on Oct 3rd <ul><li>Keynote by Jon Udell: Remixing the library </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract : In an online world of small pieces loosely joined, librarians are among the most well qualified and highly motivated joiners of those pieces . Library patrons, meanwhile, are in transition. Once mainly consumers of information, they are now, on the two-way web, becoming producers too. Can libraries function not only as centers of consumption, but also as centers of production? </li></ul><ul><li>http://jonudell.net/talks/lib2020/talk.html </li></ul><ul><li>And we see, eg at the E-LIS workshop before this one, librarians are regaining a more active role in Institutional Repositories – getting closer to the action </li></ul>
  13. 13. Institutional and related repositories Nov 2007 - symbols of change http://maps.repository66.org/ 6.6 million items in 813 repositories – up from 6.4 million items and 763 repositories August 2007
  14. 14. Institutional Repositories by size But beware: L. Carr, T. Brody: Size Isn’t Everything: Sustainable Repositories as Evidenced by Sustainable Deposit Profiles. DLib Magazine 13(7/8) July/August (2007) http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/13872 /
  15. 15. The future is joined up: the scholarly knowledge cycle (joining up research and learning) Our latest project http://www.edspace.ecs.soton.ac.uk/ is exploring the creation of a learning materials repository EdShare - part of our whole vision of the University of Southampton institutional repository Thanks to Liz Lyon
  16. 16. Southampton portfolio of databases combine towards the institutional repository with increasing heterogeneity <ul><li>Research – more full text but also expect more video/audio with talks/delivering papers </li></ul><ul><li>Expect more complex objects in the Arts </li></ul><ul><li>eCrystals – specialised formats for data </li></ul><ul><li>SERPENT – more video and audio </li></ul><ul><li>EdShare – again more multimedia </li></ul>
  17. 17. eCrystals: Fundamental and derived data resulting from a single crystal X-ray structure determination <ul><li>Crystal structures stored as e-prints </li></ul><ul><li>Individual entries consist of 3 parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Core bibliographic data, such as authors, affiliation and a number of chemical identifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection parameters that allow the reader to assess at a glance certain aspects of the crystallographic dataset </li></ul><ul><li>Files available for download. These files are: visualisations of the raw data (.jpg), the raw data itself (.hkl), experimental conditions (.htm), outputs from stages of the structure determination (_xs.lst, _xl.lst & .res), the final structural result (.cif & .cml) and the validation report of the derived structure (_checkcif.htm). </li></ul>
  18. 18. SERPENT image and video database
  19. 19. SERPENT: Piglet squid image from the bottom of an oil rig
  20. 20. Next stages: projects aim for richer, better preserved ‘joined up’ repositories <ul><li>KULTUR creating a transferable and sustainable institutional repository model for research output in the creative and applied arts </li></ul><ul><li>PRESERV and PRESERV2 http://preserv.eprints.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>enabling long term access to materials in institutional repositories </li></ul><ul><li>CLADDIER http://claddier.badc.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>exploring joining up data in environmental databases e.g. British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) to the institutional repositories at Southampton and STFC </li></ul><ul><li>DataShare http://www.disc-uk.org/datashare.html </li></ul><ul><li>exploring ‘orphaned’ datasets and institutional repositories </li></ul>
  21. 21. We represent Scientific authors well – how do we do justice to our Artists? IRs are multidisciplinary
  22. 22. But we are not alone! Everyone wants their own picture to showcase their expanding area <ul><li>Repositories expanding linearly (Tim Brody’s E-LIS talk this week) </li></ul><ul><li>Departmental </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><li>National e.g. UK, Wales, Scotland... </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands - a good size..... </li></ul><ul><li>Europe – e.g. funded research </li></ul><ul><li>Following example of other funders eg UKPMC funders group </li></ul>
  23. 23. Today we are thinking about Europe and Europe is now in the driving seat!
  24. 24. Real action by the UKPMC Funders Group (including the Wellcome Trust) provides a good exemplar
  25. 25. More subject based repositories affect IRs however <ul><li>Especially PubMed Central – funder obviously wants theirs to be priority </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally we want a copy in our repository too to be sure </li></ul><ul><li>Will need new ways of working with these - easy deposit or compromise on easy trusted links </li></ul>
  26. 26. The increasing activities in Europe – our first speaker <ul><li>A Conference of Rectors of European Universities convened in Liège on 18 October 2007 by the Rector of the University of Liège, Bernard Rentier, has launched EurOpenScholar : </li></ul><ul><li>“ a showcase and a tool for the promotion of Open Access (OA) in Europe.” </li></ul><ul><li>It will be a consortium of European universities resolved to move forward on OA and to try to convince the largest possible number of researchers, their institutions and their European Funding Agencies to engage now in what will undoubtedly be the mode of communication of tomorrow. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Initiatives in different regions can be practical and appropriate <ul><li>In a victory for libraries, the Senate on October 23 passed an appropriations bill that included a mandatory public access directive for research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). </li></ul>
  28. 28. On a local level <ul><li>Remember: </li></ul><ul><li>Only about 6 minutes of metadata entry is required to deposit a paper </li></ul><ul><li>Carr and Harnad 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>A clear majority of researchers say they will willingly comply with a mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Swan and Brown 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile the world is changing with you </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>However, Europe will have a big part to play and to be proud of </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you – Jessie Hey </li></ul><ul><li>jesshey@acm.org </li></ul><ul><li>and Leslie Carr </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Science and scholarship will become increasingly global and Open Access

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